Reformations: From High Renaissance to Mannerism in the New West of Religious Contention and Colonial Expansion (Hardback) book cover


From High Renaissance to Mannerism in the New West of Religious Contention and Colonial Expansion

By Christopher Tadgell

© 2012 – Routledge

880 pages | 400 Color Illus.

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The rediscovery of classical ideas and the emergence of the great artists, architects and theorists of late fithteenth and early sixteenth-century Italy led to the cultural peak characterised as the High Renaissance. This fifth volume in the Architecture in Context series begins with a definition of Mannerism in art and architecture, the seminal development from the High Renaissance and the Baroque, associated with such dominant figures as Raphael, Michelangelo, Vignola, Giulio Romano and Palladio.

The political context within which Mannerism and its variants developed – from the Reformation to the outbreak of the Thirty Years’ War, a period of devastating religious strife and territorial contention – is outlined before the major figures and achievements of Italian architecture in the period are dealt with in great depth and breadth. The focus then moves to France and architects and thinkers such as Pierre Lescot, Philibert de l’Orme, J.A. du Cerceau and Salomon de Brosse. These two major traditions – with the intercession of architects from the Netherlands who had ideas of their own – had a huge impact in central Europe, the ideas spreading across a vast area including modern-day Germany, Austria and Poland. As well as travel, the development of printing was a vital element in the rapid and detailed promulgation of architectural knowledge and fashion; the influence of publications issued by Hans Vredeman de Vries, Cornelis Floris and Wendel Dietterlin is traced and illustrated.

After a digression to the notably eclectic England of Elizabeth I and James I, where pioneers such a Robert Smythson were overshadowed by the towering figure of Inigo Jones, Refomations ends with a survey of architecture in the Iberian peninsula and the colonies of Spain and Portugal where the powerful influence of the Italian masters met a strong vernacular tradition.

Profusely illustrated and with many specially drawn plans, this is a wide-ranging and detailed guide to the architecture of a period that continues to fascinate and engage us today.

Table of Contents

Definitions. Context Part 1: Seminal Italians 1. Inception 2. Roman Revival 3. Vignola and his Contemporaries in the Orbit of Rome 4. The Ducal Architects of Florence 5. Sansovino, Sanmicheli and their Venetian Inheritance 6. Palladio 7. Alessi and his Colleagues in Lombardy 8. Rome at the Turn of a New Era Part 2: Across the Alps 2.1 Seminal French 1. From Misunderstanding to Mannerism under François I 2. Mannerism versus Classicism under the Late Valois 3. Classicism versus Mannerism under the Early Bourbons 2.2 Orbit of Empire 4. Seminal Netherlanders 5. Eclectic Germans and their Eastern Neighbours 6. Netherlandish Revival 2.3 England 7. Elizabethan and Jacobean Eclecticsm 8. Inception of Palladianism Part 3: Beyond the Pyrenees 1. Iberia at the Turn of the Renaissance Century 2. Spain in Transition: Caroline Renaissance 3. Advent of Classicism to Portugal and Estilo Chao 4. Serlian Developments in Spain 5. Ascendancy of Madrid and the Spanish Estilo Desornamentado 6. Portugal during the Habsburg Interregnum 7. Conquest and Colonization in the Americas. Glossary. Further Reading

About the Series

Architecture in Context

Architecture in Context is a series of seven books by Christopher Tadgell describing and illustrating all the seminal traditions from man’s early settlements in the Euphrates and Jordan valleys to the technologically complex and stylistically sophisticated buildings of the second half of the twentieth century. In a synthesis of extraordinary range, it brings together the fruits of a lifetime of teaching and travelling the world, seeing and photographing buildings. Each stand-alone volume sets the buildings described and illustrated within their political, technological, social and cultural contexts, exploring architecture not only as the development of form but as an expression of the civilization within which it evolved.

The series focuses on the story of the Classical tradition from its origins in Mesopotamia and Egypt, through its realization in ancient Greece and Rome, to the Renaissance, Neo-Classicism, Eclecticism and Modernism. This thread is supplemented with excursions to cover the development of architecture in Central America, India, South-East Asia, and the Islamic world.

For students of architecture and art history, for travellers and for readers who want to understand the genesis of the buildings they see around them, each volume provides a complete, readable and superbly illustrated reference.

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