© 2012 – Routledge
872 pages | 1724 Color Illus. | 224 B/W Illus.
Unprecedented in scope, this fifth volume in the Architecture in Context series traces the rediscovery of Classical ideas and the emergence of the great artists and architects of late 15th- and early 16th-century Italy that led to the cultural peak characterized as the High Renaissance.
It begins with a definition of Mannerism, the seminal development from the High Renaissance and the Baroque, associated with such dominant and influential figures as Raphael, Michelangelo, Vignola, Romano and Palladio. The political context within which Mannerism and its variants developed – from the Reformation to the outbreak of the Thirty Years’ War – is outlined before the major figures and achievements of Italian architecture in the period are explored in great depth and breadth. The journey then moves to France and architects and thinkers such as Pierre Lescot, Philibert de l’Orme, J.A. du Cerceau and Salomon de Brosse. These two major traditions – with the intercession of architects from the Netherlands who had ideas of their own – had a huge impact in central Europe, the ideas spreading across a vast area including modern-day Germany, Austria and Poland.
After a digression to the notably eclectic England of Elizabeth I and James I, where pioneers such as Robert Smythson were overshadowed by the towering figure of Inigo Jones, Reformations ends with a survey of architecture in the Iberian peninsula and the colonies of Spain and Portugal, where the powerful influence of the Italian masters met a strong vernacular tradition.
Profusely illustrated and with many specially drawn plans, this is a wide-ranging and detailed guide to the architecture of a period that continues to fascinate and engage us today.
Definitions Context Part 1: Seminal Italians 1.1 Inception 1.2. Roman Revival 1.3. Vignola and his Contemporaries in the Orbit of Rome 1.4. The Ducal Architects of Florence 1.5. Sansovino, Sanmicheli and their Venetian Inheritance 1.6. Palladio 1.7. Alessi and his Colleagues in Lombardy 1.8. Rome at the Turn of a New Era Part 2: Seminal French 2.1. From Misunderstanding to Mannerism under François I 2.2. Mannerism versus Classicism under the Late Valois 2.3. Classicism versus Baroque under the Early Bourbons Part 3: Orbit of Empire 3.1. Seminal Netherlanders 3.2. Eclectic Germans and their Eastern Neighbours 3.3. Netherlandish Revival Part 4: Across the Channel 4.1. Elizabethan and Jacobean Eclecticsm 4.2. Inception of Palladianism Part 5: Beyond the Pyrenees 5.1. Iberia at the Turn of the Renaissance Century 5.2. Advent of Classicism in Portugal and estilo chão 5.3. Spain in Transition: Caroline Renaissance; Philippine Mannerism 5.4. Ascendancy of Madrid and the Spanish estilo desornamentado 5.5. Portugal during the Habsburg Interregnum 5.6.The Spanish Americas Glossary Further Reading Index
Architecture in Context is a series of seven books by Christopher Tadgell describing and illustrating all the seminal traditions from man’s early settlements in the Euphrates and Jordan valleys to the technologically complex and stylistically sophisticated buildings of the second half of the twentieth century. In a synthesis of extraordinary range, it brings together the fruits of a lifetime of teaching and travelling the world, seeing and photographing buildings. Each stand-alone volume sets the buildings described and illustrated within their political, technological, social and cultural contexts, exploring architecture not only as the development of form but as an expression of the civilization within which it evolved.
The series focuses on the story of the Classical tradition from its origins in Mesopotamia and Egypt, through its realization in ancient Greece and Rome, to the Renaissance, Neo-Classicism, Eclecticism and Modernism. This thread is supplemented with excursions to cover the development of architecture in Central America, India, South-East Asia, and the Islamic world.
For students of architecture and art history, for travellers and for readers who want to understand the genesis of the buildings they see around them, each volume provides a complete, readable and superbly illustrated reference.