In recent years, Islamic fundamentalist, revolutionary, and jihadist movements have overshadowed more moderate and reformist voices and trends within Islam. This compelling volume introduces the current generation of reformist thinkers and activists, the intellectual traditions they carry on, and the reasons for the failure of reformist movements to sustain broad support in the Islamic world today. Richly detailed regionally focused chapters cover Iran, the Arab East, the Maghreb, South Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Turkey, Europe, and North America. The editor's introductory chapter traces the roots of reformist thinking both in Islamic tradition and as a response to the challenge of modernity for Muslims struggling to reconcile the requirements of modernization with their cultural and religious values. The concluding chapter identifies commonalities, comparisons, and trends in the modernizing movements.
1. Islamic Reformist Discourse in Iran; Shireen T. Hunter; 2. Reformist and Moderate Voices of Islam in the Arab East; Hassan Hanafi; 3. Reformist Islamic Thinkers in the Maghreb; Yahia Zoubir; 4. Islamic Modernist and Reformist Discourse in South Asia; Riffat Hassan; 5. Liberal and Progressive Voices in Indonesian Islam; Martin Van Bruinessen; 6. Reformist Muslim Thinkers in Malaysia; Farish Noor; 7. Islamic Reformist Discourses and Intellectuals in Turkey; Recep Senturk; 8. Reformist and Moderate Voices in European Islam; Farhad Khosrokhavar; 9. Voices of Reformist Islam in the United States; Tamara Sonn.