This book analyses the new and difficult roles of regional organizations in peacemaking after the end of the Cold War and how they relate to the United Nations (UN).
Regional organizations have taken an increasingly prominent role in international efforts to deal with international security. The book highlights the complex interaction between the regional and sub-regional organizations, on the one hand, and their relations with the United Nations, on the other. Thus, the general issues of UN and its authority are scrutinized from legal, practical and geopolitical perspectives. Taking on a broad geographical focus on Africa, the Arab world and Europe, the book also provides an extensive range of case studies, with detailed analysis of particular situations, organizations and armed conflicts.
The authors scrutinise the heterogeneous relationship between the different organizations as well as the challenges to them: political resources, legal standing, financial assets, capabilities and organizational set up. Moreover, they investigate whether regional organizations, as compared to the UN, are better suited to deal with today’s intra-state conflicts. The book also aims to dissect the evolution of these institutions historically – in relation to Chapter VIII of the UN Charter which mentions the resort to 'regional arrangements’ for conflict management – as well as more generally in relation to the principles of international law and UN principles of peacemaking.
This book, written by a mixture of established scholars, diplomats and high-level policymakers, will be of great interest to students as well as practitioners in the field of peace and conflict studies, regional security, international organisations, conflict management and IR in general.
Table of Contents
Foreword, Peter Wallensteen and Anders Bjurner Preface, Jan Eliasson, Deputy Secretary General of the United Nations 1. The Challenge of Regional Organizations, Peter Wallensteen and Anders Bjurner 2. International Conflict Resolution, the UN and Regional Organizations. The Balance Sheet, Peter Wallensteen 3. Chapter VIII of the UN Charter: Its Revival and Significance Today, Ambassador Gustaf Lind 4. The United Nations after the Cold War- power, regions and groups, Anders Lidén 5. Collective Security in a Changing Geopolitical Landscape, Inger Österdahl 6. Trends in Conflict Management: Multilateral Intervention and the Role of Regional Organizations, Katarina Engberg 7. On EU Peacemaking – Challenging or Complementing the United Nations ?, Ambassador Anders Bjurner 8. The EU as a Regional Organisation: Effective Multilateralism in Conflict Management, Lars- Erik Lundin 9. From CSCE to OSCE – a Pan-European Organization for Conflict Prevention and its relations to the United Nations, Ambassador Rolf Ekéus 10. African Regional Organizations, Peace Operations and the UN - Legitimacy and Disengagement, Linnea Gelot 11. ECOWAS and the AU in cooperation with the UN - the case of Côte d´Ivoire , Pierre Schori 12. The Africa Union Mission in Somalia – Toward a New Vision of Regional Peace Keeping? , Ambassador Marika Fahlén 13. The League of Arab States, UN and Regional Security- a Historical Note, Ambassador Stig Elvemar 14. The League of the Arab States, the Gulf Cooperation Council and the Arab Civil Uprising , Michael Schulz 15. Towards Regionalization in the Global Order: The intervention in Libya and the Emerging Global Order , Mikael Eriksson 16. The Future of Regional Organizations, Peter Wallensteen and Anders Bjurner Appendices 1. Text of Chapter VIII of the UN Charter 2. Regional Organizations for Peace and Security: Mandates, Data, Main Activities, Erik Zouave 3. UN and Regional Arrangements Since 1990: Doctrine, Developments, Current Thinking, Katherine Konrad
Peter Wallensteen is currently Richard G. Starmann Sr. Research Professor of Peace Studies at the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana, as well as being Senior Professor, formerly the Dag Hammarskjöld Professor, of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University, Sweden. He is author of many articles, as well as several books, including Understanding Conflict Resolution (3rd edn, 2012), a leading textbook.
Ambassador Anders Bjurner is the former Director General of the Department for European Security Policy (in the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs), Deputy State Secretary for Foreign Affairs, former Representative of Sweden to the Political and Security Committee (PSC) of the European Union and former Chairman of the civil society organization for the CSCE/OSCE. Recently, he was also a Visiting Researcher at the Department for Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Sweden.
‘This book conveys perspectives from two different worlds, the one of practitioners and the one of academics. It demonstrates the value of the meeting of these two worlds and that it is an active exchange. In particular it focuses on the growing importance of the relations between the United Nations and regional organizations. This makes this volume highly useful for these perspectives and for anyone that wants to understand the relations between central actors in international peace and security.’ -- From the Preface by Jan Eliasson, Deputy Secretary General, United Nations, New York
‘The interactions between regional organizations and the universal United Nations—sometimes at odds, sometimes in tandem, always crucial—are invariably an essential dimension of managing conflict and building peace. Analysts and practitioners alike will find an invaluable inventory of insights and evidence for key crises in the Middle East, Africa, and Europe.’ -- Thomas G. Weiss, The CUNY Graduate Center, New York