Regulating Next Generation Agri-Food Biotechnologies
Lessons from European, North American and Asian Experiences
Agri-food bio-technology policy and regulation is transitioning from an early period focused on genetic engineering technologies to ‘next-generation’ rules and regulatory processes linked to challenges originating in a wide variety of new technological processes and applications. Can lessons learned from past and current regulatory oversights of agricultural biotechnology – and other high-technology sectors – help us address new and emerging regulatory challenges in the agri-food genetics sector?
The expert contributors in this volume discuss the experiences of a wide range of North American, European and Asian countries with high technology regulation to address four key questions related to the past and future development of agri-food genomics regulation across the globe.
- how unique is agri-food biotechology regulation, and how can it be evaluated using the existing tools of regulatory analysis developed in examinations of other sectors?
- is a ‘government to governance’ model of regulatory regime development found in many other sectors relevant in this rapidly evolving sphere of activity?
- is a stages model of regulatory regime development accurate? And, if so, at which stage are we currently positioned in the regulation of agri-food genomics products and technologies?
- what drives movement between stages in different countries and sectors? In assessing such drivers, what are the key links between sectoral (meso) developments and more general macro and micro developments such as international relations and administrative behaviour?
By updating, extending and challenging earlier empirical and theoretical social science perspectives on agricultural bio-technological regulation, this volume helps to inform future policy formulation. It will be of interest to practitioners and students of biotechnology, agriculture, and science and technology policy, and regulatory processes more generally.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgment Introduction Chapter 1: Regulating Next Generation Biotechnologies: Tentative Regulation for Emerging Technologies by David Laycock and Michael Howlett Part 1: First and Second Generation Agri-Food Genetic Technologies and Regulatory Regimes: Issues and Overviews Chapter 2: Generating Regulatory Futures: From Agbiotech Blockages to a Bioeconomy? by Les Levidow Chapter 3: Learning From Experience: How Do We Use What We’ve Learned to Reform Regulatory Oversight of New Agricultural Biotechnologies? by Alan McHughen Part 2: Regulatory Regime Development Theory & Practice Chapter 4: Regulatory Life Cycles and Comparative Biotechnology Regulation: Analyzing Regulatory Regimes in Space and Time by Michael Howlett and Andrea Migone Chapter 5: Pragmatism Revisited: An overview of the development of regulatory regimes of GMOs in EU by Anders Johansson Part 3: GMO Regulatory Regimes in Practice: Europe, Asia, and North America Chapter 6: Contested Frames: Comparing EU versus US GMO Policy by Sarah Lieberman and Anthony R. Zito Chapter 7: The Global battle over the Governance of Agricultural Biotechnology: the roles of Japan, Korea, and China by Yves Tiberghien Chapter 8: The EU's Governance of Plant Biotechnology Risk Regulation: Still Contested, Still Distinct by Paulette Kurzer and Grace Skogstad Part 4: Lessons from Other High Technology Sectors Chapter 9: Regulating Nanotechnology in China: Governance, Risk Management, and Regulatory Effectiveness by Darryl S.L. Jarvis and Noah Richmond Chapter 10: Lessons from Bio-Medical Technology Regulation: North American and European Comparisons by Isabelle Engeli, Christine Rothmayr Allison, and Frederic Varone Part 5: Agricultural Biotechnologies and the Public: Deliberation, Opinion, Ethics and Participation Chapter 11: Network Deliberations, Advocacy Groups and the Legitimacy of the EU by Éric Montpetit Chapter 12: Getting to Maybe: Assessments of Benefits and Risks in Canadian Public Opinion On Biotechnological Innovation by Steven Weldon, David Laycock, Andrea Nüsser, and Colin Whelan Chapter 13: Deriving Policy and Governance from Deliberative Events and Mini-Publics by Michael M. Burgess Chapter 14: Second Generation Governance for Second Generation GM by Christoph Rehmann-Sutter
Michael Howlett is Burnaby Mountain Chair in the Department of Political Science at Simon Fraser University, and specializes in public policy analysis and resource and environmental policy. He has authored or edited over 20 volumes, including most recently Canadian Public Policy (2012) and the Routledge Handbook of Public Policy (2012).
David Laycock is Professor in the Department of Political Science at Simon Fraser University, and focuses his research on political ideologies, democratic theory, Canadian party politics, public policy, and the politics of biotechnology. His published work includes Policy Analysis in Canada (2007), Representation and Democratic Theory (2004).
'Each chapter is written by an authority in the subject area and includes ample up-to-date references. The coverage is unbiased and argues from contemporary public policy perspectives. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through professionals in law/public policy or agricultural biotechnology.'
-B. R. Shmaefsky, Lone Star College, Kingwood in CHOICE Nov 2012