Reinforced Concrete Design to Eurocodes: Design Theory and Examples, Fourth Edition, 4th Edition (Paperback) book cover

Reinforced Concrete Design to Eurocodes

Design Theory and Examples, Fourth Edition, 4th Edition

By Prab Bhatt, T.J. MacGinley, Ban Seng Choo

CRC Press

878 pages | 551 B/W Illus.

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This established and popular textbook has now been extensively rewritten and expanded in line with the current Eurocodes. It presents the principles of the design of concrete elements and also the design of complete structures, and provides practical illustrations of the theory. It explains the background to the Eurocode rules and goes beyond the core topics to cover the design of foundations, retaining walls, water retaining structures.


Reinforced Concrete Design to Eurocodes includes more than sixty worked out design examples and over six hundred diagrams, plans and charts. The chapters are fully revised to the Eurocodes and the most commonly encountered design problems in structural concrete are covered.


It is written for students on civil engineering degree courses and undergraduate level and higher levels, and is also a useful reference for practising engineers.


"The fourth edition of Reinforced Concrete Design to Eurocodes is a radical rewrite of a student classic; this edition has been brought up to date by its strong link to the Eurocodes and the design processes within them. The Eurocodes are strongly based on conceptual modes and this book provides an excellent way of understanding the background and derivation, allowing a researcher to be able to see exactly how a new research topic may fit into practice. As a student text, this work is systematic and thorough, and is likely to provide a relevant and useful source of reference during the development of a design-based career. …Dr Bhatt has done great service in bringing this classic – from its first edition in 1978, now to the fourth revision – completely up to date."

Magazine of Concrete Research

"The main strengths of this publication are the illustration of key concepts and approaches with numerous worked examples. … The contents deal with the fundamental material required for students of structural design. Additionally, more in-depth coverage of structure-specific design is presented which will be of benefit to practicing engineers. … This book presents the fundamentals of reinforced concrete behavior and design to the Eurocodes in a clear and concise manner. All the key concepts and design procedures are well illustrated with worked examples and as such the content will be invaluable to students of structural design. The in-depth coverage of specific applications such as water retaining structures, make this book a useful reference for practicing engineers. …"

––Dr Lee Cunningham, Lecturer, University of Manchester School of Mechanical, Aerospace & Civil Engineering, University of Manchester, UK

"I do not know of an equivalent textbook that has the scope of this one. …The list of topics is very comprehensive. …This would be a very good book to recommend for a course in the structural design of concrete. …This book is a one stop shop for the structural design of concrete structures - the book for structural concrete designers to have 'at their elbow' and students to have to when learning about the design of concrete structure. I know of no other book that covers such a range of topics including: water retaining structures, comprehensive treatment of the Strut-tie method with a link to finite element output. Proper background to design of statically indeterminate structures with a proper treatment of joint rotation capacity, comprehensive treatment of: yieldline method, Hillerborg's strip method, design using elastic stress fields, etc and the design of whole structure as opposed to individual elements only. …The explanations of the theory are clearly expressed and there are lots of good examples. Of special importance are the examples that cover complete systems and components rather than just single topics."

––Iain MacLeod, Emeritus Professor, University of Strathclyde, UK

Table of Contents


Structural design

Calculations, design aids and computing



Materials, Structural Failures and Durability

Reinforced concrete structures

Concrete materials

Concrete properties

Tests on wet concrete

Tests on hardened concrete


Exposure classes related to environmental conditions

Failures in concrete structures

Durability of concrete structures

Fire protection


Limit State Design and Structural Analysis

Structural design and limit states

Actions, characteristic and design values of actions

Partial factors for materials

Structural analysis


Section Design for Moment

Types of beam section

Reinforcement and bar spacing

Behaviour of beams in bending

Singly reinforced rectangular beams

Doubly reinforced beams

Flanged beams

Checking existing sections


Shear, Bond and Torsion

Shear forces

Bond stress

Anchorage of bars


Shear between web and flange of T-sections

Serviceability Limit State Checks

Serviceability limit state



Simply Supported Beams

Simply supported beams


Reinforced Concrete Slabs

Design methods for slabs

Types of slabs

One-way spanning solid slabs

Example of design of continuous one-way slab

One-way spanning ribbed or waffle slabs

Two-way spanning solid slabs

Restrained solid slabs

Waffle slabs

Flat slabs

Yield line method

Hillerborg’s strip method

Design of reinforcement for slabs using elastic analysis moments

Stair slabs



Types, loads, classification and design considerations

Columns subjected to axial load and bending about one axis with symmetrical reinforcement

Columns subjected to axial load and bending about one axis: Unsymmetrical reinforcement

Column sections subjected to axial load and biaxial bending

Effective length of columns

Design of slender columns

Walls in Buildings

Functions, types and loads on walls

Design of reinforced concrete walls

Walls supporting in-plane moments and axial loads

Design of plain concrete walls



General considerations

Geotechnical design

Spread foundations

Isolated pad bases

Eccentrically loaded pad bases

Wall, strip and combined foundations

Piled foundations


Retaining Walls

Wall types and earth pressure

Design of cantilever walls

Counterfort retaining walls


Design of Statically Indeterminate Structures


Design of a propped cantilever

Design of a clamped beam

Why use anything other than elastic values in design?

Design using redistributed elastic moments in Eurocode 2

Design using plastic analysis in Eurocode 2

Serviceability considerations when using redistributed elastic moments

Continuous beams

Example of elastic analysis of continuous beam

Example of moment redistribution for continuous beam

Curtailment of bars

Example of design for the end span of a continuous beam

Example of design of a non-sway frame

Approximate methods of analysis

Reinforced Concrete Framed Buildings

Types and structural action

Building loads

Robustness and design of ties

Frame analysis

Building design example


Tall Buildings


Assumptions for analysis

Planar lateral load resisting elements

Interaction between bents

Three-dimensional structures

Analysis of framed tube structures

Analysis of tube-in-tube structures


Prestressed Concrete


Applying prestress


Design of prestressed concrete structures

Limits on permissible stresses in concrete

Limits on permissible stresses in steel

Equations for stress calculation

Design for serviceability limit state

Composite beams

Posttensioned beams: Cable zone

Ultimate moment capacity

Shear capacity of a section without shear reinforcement and uncracked in flexure

Shear capacity of sections without shear reinforcement and cracked in flexure

Shear capacity with shear reinforcement

Horizontal shear

Loss of prestress in pretensioned beams

Loss of prestress in posttensioned beams

Design of end block in posttensioned beams


Deflection and Cracking

Deflection calculation

Checking deflection by calculation

Calculation of crack widths

Example of crack width calculation for T-beam


A General Method of Design at Ultimate Limit State


Limit theorems of the theory of plasticity

Reinforced concrete and limit theorems of the theory of plasticity

Design of reinforcement for in-plane stresses

Reinforcement design for flexural forces

Reinforcement design for combined in-plane and flexural forces

Out-of-plane shear

Strut−tie method of design


Design of Structures Retaining Aqueous Liquids


Bending analysis for serviceability limit state

Walls subjected to two-way bending moments and tensile force

Control of restrained shrinkage and thermal movement cracking

Design of a rectangular covered top underground water tank

Design of circular water tanks


U.K. National Annex


Bending design

Cover to reinforcement

Shear design

Loading arrangement on continuous beams and slabs

Column design


Plain concrete

ψ Factors

About the Authors

Prab Bhatt is Honorary Senior Research Fellow at Glasgow University, UK and author or editor of eight other books, including Programming the Dynamic Analysis of Structures, and Design of Prestressed Concrete Structures, both published by Taylor & Francis.

Tom MacGinley and Ban Seng Choo were experienced academics in Singapore, Newcastle, Nottingham and Edinburgh.

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