Offering a timely new appraisal of the political and social impact of Islam, Religion and Politics will be welcomed by political scientists and historians alike. In this work, Jan-Erik Lane and Hamadi Redissi employ a Weberian approach, underlining the social consequences of religious beliefs, to account for the political differences between the major civilizations of the world against the background of the rise of modern capitalism in the Occidental sphere. Compared with Weber and his emphasis upon economic modernization, the perspective on religion is broadened to encompass post-modernity; particular attention is paid to human rights and the rule of law. This thought-provoking work raises the question of whether the tenets of Islam might be reconciled with the requirements of post-modernity.
Table of Contents
List of Figures and Tables Preface -- Section I: The Muslim Civilisation and Modernisation -- Modernity, Post-Modernity and the Muslim World -- Introduction -- The Two Muslim Worlds Turbulence in Muslim Civilisation Modernity and Post-Modernity The Western Grip Islamic Fundamentalism -- Understanding Arab Modernity and Post-Modernity Conclusion -- Islam and Post-Modernity -- Introduction Post-Modern Islam The Proto-Modern Islam Modernity in Islam Jihad Conclusion -- The Weber Thesis -- Introduction -- One Monograph Lacking -- Concepts of the Occident -- Rationality and Capitalism -- The Debate After -- Muslim Traditionalism -- Muslim Civilisation and the Oriental Path -- Weber’s Typology -- Conclusion -- Mohammed - A Political Prophet -- Introduction -- Prophecy -- A Monotheist Religion A Religion of Warriors Conclusion -- Islam: Faith and Rationality -- Introduction -- The Roads to Salvation in Islam -- Islamic Predestination -- Islamic Predetermination -- Islamic Fatalism, Asceticism and Salvation -- Conclusion -- Section III: The Muslim Legacy -- Traditional Domination -- Introduction -- From Patriarchalism to Charismatic Rule From Charisma to Patrimonialism The Sects Sultanismus -- Patrimonial Administration Cesaro-Papism Mosque and Sect Cesaro-Papism and the Economy Conclusion -- Islamic Law and Arab Legal Institutions -- Introduction Evolution of Law -- Islamic Law and the Four Kinds of Law -- Sources of Law in Arabia -- Casuistry -- Waqf -- Why did the Mid-East Fall Behind in Trade? Conclusion -- Capitalism in Muslim Countries Introduction Capitalism and Islam Islam Ignores the Bourgeoisie The Islamic City: A Patrician City The City and the Bourgeoisie Economic Rationality and Salvation Modern Capitalism and Protestantism Modern Capitalism Conclusion -- The Modernisation of Arabia Introduction -- Modernisation: The Market Economy and Democracy -- Economic Modernisation -- Cultural Modernisation -- The Modernisation Policies -- Islamic Renaissance -- Modernisation from Above -- Modernisation and Colonisation -- Modernisation and Democracy -- The Rentier State -- Civil Society in Muslim Countries -- Conclusion -- on V: Future of the Muslim Civilisation -- Separation Between State and Religion? -- Introduction A Triple Impossibility Neither Lay nor Religious State and Religion -- Coexistence Between Religion and Politics Conclusion -- Towards a New Fundamentalism Introduction -- Four Types of Jihad and Three Kinds of Fundamentalism -- Al-Qaeda -- Conclusion -- Islam and Democracy -- Introduction -- Why Authoritarianism in Arab Countries? -- Islam and Ancient Democracy Islamic Constitutionalism: Consultation Conclusion -- Islam and Politics: Where the Principal Difficulty of Modernity Lies -- Introduction -- The Caliph as the Classical Model of Politics The Umma as the Model of the Community The Succession Problem -- Political Tolerance and Multiculturalism: Bumiputras and the Millet System Political Power in Islamic Fundamentalism: Arab Traditionalism and Political Power Conclusion -- Epilogue: The Muslim Civilisation after the Iraqi Wars -- Islam, Fundamentalism and Jihad: “A Religion of Warriors” (Weber)? -- Appendix 1.1 Appendix 1.2 Bibliography Index
Jan-Erik Lane, University of Freiburg, Germany and Hamadi Redissi works at the University of Tunis, Tunisia.
'In this bold and original work, two scholars of political Islam combine their impressive analytical skills to reinterpret the relationship of Islam to modernity. Through a careful synthesis of history and sociological theory with Max Weber at its core, Lane and Redissi place Islam within a fully modernist construct while reaffirming the faith’s cultural essence, humanistic character and progressive orientation. A brilliant and compelling retort to those who see only radicalism, terrorism and violence in political Islam.' Professor John P. Entelis, Fordham University, USA '...an extremely valuable contribution to the debate.' New Politics Network '...offers an interesting tool for the understanding of recent political and historical developments in the Arab world.' Global Change, Peace and Security '...an interesting and timely study of Islam and its relationship to the West in general and in modern and post-modern societies in particular.' The Muslim News