Remediation of Petroleum Contaminated Soils: Biological, Physical, and Chemical Processes, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Remediation of Petroleum Contaminated Soils

Biological, Physical, and Chemical Processes, 1st Edition

By Eve Riser-Roberts

CRC Press

576 pages

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Hardback: 9780873718585
pub: 1998-05-13
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This book combines the results of current research with essential background material to provide complete, in-depth coverage of every aspect of in situ and ex situ bioremediation, as well as an extensive overview of the physical and chemical processes currently available for treating petroleum-contaminated soils. Critical information has been collected and assembled under one cover to provide a convenient reference for anyone who must contend with this worldwide problem.

Remediation of Petroleum Contaminated Soils: Biological, Physical, and Chemical Processes describes how to optimize the biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons in soil-water systems. It reports on the susceptibility of various petroleum components to biodegradation by microorganisms, and considers all groups of microorganisms for their potential contributions. The book also deals with problem areas such as the transport of organisms, oxygen, or nutrients throughout the subsurface, as well as biodegradation of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and nonaqueous phase liquids (NAPLs). In addition, the book presents a variety of methods for monitoring bioremediation.

This reference discusses current soil remediation processes and includes many innovative approaches. It also investigates means of controlling volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and leachate, and addresses methods for collecting and treating these secondary waste streams. The expansive coverage of this book will furnish readers with a wide range of options for developing treatment strategies and for customizing procedures for specific requirements.

Table of Contents



Biodegradation as a Treatment Alternative

Combined Technologies

Current Treatment Technologies

On-Site or Ex Situ Processes

In Situ Processes

Biodegradation/Mineralization/Biotransformation/Bioaccumulation of Petroleum Constituents and Associated Heavy Metals

Chemical Composition of Fuel Oils

Organic Compounds

Heavy Metals

Intermediate Metabolites and End Products of Biodegradation

Factors Affecting Biodegradation in Soil-Water Systems

Chemical and Physical Factors

Biological Factors

Soil/Environmental Factors

Optimization of Bioremediation

Variation of Soil Factors

Biological Enhancement

Contaminant Alteration

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in Petroleum Products

Emissions Produced from Soil Contamination

Parameters Affecting Volatilization

Control of VOC Emissions

Monitoring Bioremediation

Microbial Counts

Other Monitoring Methods

Rate of Biodegradation

Differing Biotic and Abiotic Processes

Treatment Trains

Limitations of Soil Treatment Systems

Remediation Guidelines

Combined Technologies

Examples of the Use of Treatment Trains

List of Tables

List of Illustrations



Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General