1st Edition

Remote Sensing of Drought Innovative Monitoring Approaches

    484 Pages 111 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    484 Pages 111 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Remote Sensing of Drought: Innovative Monitoring Approaches presents emerging remote sensing-based tools and techniques that can be applied to operational drought monitoring and early warning around the world. The first book to focus on remote sensing and drought monitoring, it brings together a wealth of information that has been scattered throughout the literature and across many disciplines. Featuring contributions by leading scientists, it assembles a cross-section of globally applicable techniques that are currently operational or have potential to be operational in the near future.

    The book explores a range of applications for monitoring four critical components of the hydrological cycle related to drought: vegetation health, evapotranspiration, soil moisture and groundwater, and precipitation. These applications use remotely sensed optical, thermal, microwave, radar, and gravity data from instruments such as AMSR-E, GOES, GRACE, MERIS, MODIS, and Landsat and implement several advanced modeling and data assimilation techniques. Examples show how to integrate this information into routine drought products. The book also examines the role of satellite remote sensing within traditional drought monitoring, as well as current challenges and future prospects.

    Improving drought monitoring is becoming increasingly important in addressing a wide range of societal issues, from food security and water scarcity to human health, ecosystem services, and energy production. This unique book surveys innovative remote sensing approaches to provide you with new perspectives on large-area drought monitoring and early warning.

    Drought Monitoring
    Michael J. Hayes, Mark D. Svoboda, Brian D. Wardlow, Martha C. Anderson, and Felix Kogan


    Historical Perspectives on AVHRR NDVI and Vegetation Drought Monitoring
    Assaf Anyamba and Compton J. Tucker

    Vegetation Drought Response Index
    Brian D. Wardlow, Tsegaye Tadesse, Jesslyn F. Brown, Karin Callahan, Sharmistha Swain, and Eric Hunt

    The Vegetation Outlook (VegOut)
    Tsegaye Tadesse, Brian D. Wardlow, Mark D. Svoboda, and Michael J. Hayes

    Drought Monitoring Using Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation Estimates Derived from MERIS
    Simone Rossi and Stefan Niemeyer


    Remote Sensing of Evapotranspiration for Operational Drought Monitoring Using Principles of Water and Energy Balance
    Gabriel B. Senay, Stefanie Bohms, and James P. Verdin

    A Thermal-Based Evaporative Stress Index for Monitoring Surface Moisture Depletion
    Martha C. Anderson, Christopher R. Hain, Brian D. Wardlow, Agustin Pimstein, John R. Mecikalski, and William P. Kustas

    Agricultural Drought Monitoring in Kenya Using Evapotranspiration Derived from Remote Sensing and Reanalysis Data
    Michael T. Marshall, Christopher Funk, and Joel Michaelsen

    Soil Moisture/Ground Water

    Microwave Remote Sensing of Soil Moisture
    Son V. Nghiem, Brian D. Wardlow, David Allured, Mark D. Svoboda, Doug LeComte, Matthew Rosencrans, Steven K. Chan, and Gregory Neumann

    North American Land Data Assimilation System
    Justin Sheffield, Youlong Xia, Lifeng Luo, Eric F. Wood, Michael Ek, and Kenneth E. Mitchell

    Satellite Gravimetry Applied to Drought Monitoring
    Matthew Rodell


    Estimating Precipitation from WSR-88D Observations and Rain Gauge Data
    Gregory J. Story

    Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Information Using Artificial Neural Networks
    Amir AghaKouchak, Kuolin Hsu, Soroosh Sorooshian, Bisher Imam, and Xiaogang Gao

    Mapping Recent Decadal Climate Variations in Precipitation and Temperature across Eastern Africa and the Sahel
    Christopher Funk, Joel Michaelsen, and Michael T. Marshall

    Snow Cover Monitoring from Remote-Sensing Satellites
    Cezar Kongoli, Peter Romanov, and Ralph Ferraro


    Future Opportunities and Challenges in Remote Sensing of Drought
    Brian D. Wardlow, Martha C. Anderson, Justin Sheffield, Bradley D. Doorn, James P. Verdin, Xiwu Zhan, and Matthew Rodell



    Brian D. Wardlow is an assistant professor and GIScience program area leader for the National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC) in the School of Natural Resources at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. For more information, visit the National Drought Mitigation Center web site at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln.

    Martha C. Anderson is a physical scientist in the Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Agricultural Research Service in Beltsville, Maryland. For more information, visit Dr. Anderson’s web page at USDA ARS.

    James P. Verdin is a physical scientist with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Early Warning and Environmental Monitoring (EWEM) Program. For more information, visit the EWEM web site.

    "This is by far the most comprehensive book on drought studies using satellite remote sensing. The book brings new insights, methods, and approaches to advance remote sensing of drought monitoring by: (a) proposing and discussing new indices, (b) demonstrating operational potential for early warning, (c) integrating and linking a variety of drought related information by studying indicators such as vegetation, evapotranspiration, snowmelt, soil moisture, and precipitation, and (d) providing local, regional, national, and global perspectives. The book is edited and written by some of the highly respected members of the remote sensing community with long year of experience. This book is a must for anyone interested in seeking the most advanced and sophisticated methods of studying Meteorological, Hydrological, Agricultural and Socioeconomic Droughts using advanced remote sensing data, methods, and models."
    —Dr. Prasad S. Thenkabail, U.S. Geological Survey

    "Brian Wardlow, Martha Anderson, and James Verdin have prepared a seminal book on the interrelationship between drought management and the application of remote sensing technologies to the complex challenges associated with drought monitoring and early warning. ... a timely and informative collection of contributions focused on new technologies that can address the challenges of drought monitoring ..."
    —From the Foreword by Donald A. Wilhite, Professor and Director, School of Natural Resources, University of Nebraska–Lincoln

    "I would definitely consider buying this book because I find it interesting to see what prominent authors in the field of drought and vegetation monitoring see as innovative and pre-operational methods at the global scale. … A book like this can help to reinforce the message that high quality early warning and monitoring products can be provided to the community and to decision makers as long as there is political commitment and continuity in the provision of earth observation data."
    Felix Rembold, Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Italy