Renewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Renewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination

1st Edition

Edited by Hacene Mahmoudi, Noreddine Ghaffour, Mattheus F.A. Goosen, Jochen Bundschuh

CRC Press

292 pages

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Hardback: 9781138029170
pub: 2017-06-06
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Description

The book presents a thorough overview of the latest trends and challenges in renewable energy technologies applications for water desalination, with an emphasis on environmental concerns and sustainable development. Emphasis is on the various uses of renewable energy, as well as economics & scale-up, government subsidies & regulations, and environmental concerns. It provides an indication on how renewable energy technologies are rapidly emerging with the promise of economic and environmental viability for desalination. Further it gives a clear indication on how exactly to accelerate the expansion and commercialization of novel water production systems powered by renewable energies and in what manner environmental concerns may be minimized. This book is all-inclusive and wide-ranging and directed at decision makers in government, industry and the academic world as well as students.

Table of Contents

1. A critical overview of renewable energy technologies for desalination

Hacene Mahmoudi, Noreddine Ghaffour, Mattheus F.A. Goosen & Jochen Bundschuh

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Worldwide desalination capability and progress in renewable energy systems

1.3 Economics and improvement of thermal energy storage and backup systems

1.4 Combined renewable-energy-driven low-energy desalination processes

1.5 Market potential, environmental concerns, and regulatory and socioeconomic issues

1.6 Concluding remarks

2. The use of solar energy for small-scale autonomous desalination

Patricia Palenzuela, Guillermo Zaragoza, Baltasar Peñate, Vicente Subiela, Diego-César Alarcón-Padilla & Lourdes García-Rodríguez

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Solar multi-effect distillation case study: Plataforma Solar De Almería

2.3 Photovoltaic reverse osmosis case study: Ksar Ghilène plant

3. Application of solar nanophotocatalysis in reverse osmosis pretreatment processes

Shaik Feroz

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Reverse osmosis and feedwater pretreatment processes

3.3 Photocatalysis and oxidation of pollutants

3.4 Solar photo catalytic processess and removal of organic and inorganic compounds from water and air

3.5 Omani case study of reverse osmosis pretreatment using solar nanophotocatalysis

3.6 Concluding remarks

4. Metal oxide nanophotocatalysts for water purification

Edreese Alsharaeh, Faheem Ahmed, Nishat Arshi & Meshael Alturki

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Iron oxide nanomaterials

4.3 Graphene oxide-based nanocomposites

4.4 Iron oxide nanomaterials in wastewater treatment

4.5 Concluding remarks

5. Wind technology design and reverse osmosis systems for off-grid and grid-connected applications

Eftihia Tzen, Kyriakos Rossis, Jaime González, Pedro Cabrera, Baltasar Peñate &Vicente Subiela

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Wind energy technology overview

5.3 Wind desalination combinations

5.4 Wind desalination market

5.5 Conclusions

6. Geothermal energy/desalination concepts

Thomas M. Missimer, Noreddine Ghaffour & Kim Choon Ng

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Geothermal desalination concepts

6.3 Low-enthalpy direct hot water use desalination systems

6.4 Low-enthalpy hybrid systems: linking solar and geothermal systems

6.5 High-enthalpy geothermal desalination using dry steam or hot water directly

6.6 High-enthalpy hybrid geothermal-produced electricity and desalination systems

6.7 Life-cycle cost analysis combined with greenhouse gas emissions

6.8 Summary and conclusions

7. Fuel cells as an energy source for desalination applications

Nadimul H. Faisal, Rehan Ahmed, Sheikh Z. Islam, Mamdud Hossain, Mattheus F.A. Goosen & Sai P. Katikaneni

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Energy consumption in desalination

7.3 Integrated and hybrid systems: fuel cells with desalination

7.4 Energy, environmental and economic factors

7.5 Concluding remarks

8. Wind turbine electricity generation for desalination: design, application and commercialization

Zhao Yong, Zheng Shuai & Chua Leok Poh

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Installed wind capacities and the importance of turbine configuration and rotor design

8.3 Fluid-structure interactions and improving power efficiency, lifespan and stability during wind turbine operation

8.4 The economics of wind technology and desalination: future research directions

8.5 Concluding remarks

9. A critical review of fuel cell commercialization and its application in desalination

Yousef Alyousef, Mattheus Goosen &Youssef Elakwah

9.1 Introduction

9.2 The need to reduce energy consumption in the desalination sector

9.3 Development and commercialization of fuel cells and how this may help the desalination industry

9.4 Concluding remarks

10. Wireless networks employing renewable energy sources for industrial applications: innovations, trade-offs and operational considerations

Mai Ali &Abd-Elhamid M. Taha

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Reducing energy requirements by network configuration planning

10.3 Managing the requirements of wireless resource allocation

10.4 Powering the network by utilising renewable energy sources

10.5 Energy harvesting as an alternative in powering the network

10.6 The limits and trade-offs of green wireless networks and industrial applications

10.7 Concluding remarks

11. Fuel-cost apportionment and desalination technology selection based on exergy analysis

M.W. Shahzad, Noreddine Ghaffour & Kim C. Ng

11.1 Introduction and background

11.2 An exergetic analysis of a dual-purpose plant

11.3 Primary fuel-cost apportionment

11.4 Desalination method selection based on system efficiency

11.5 Summary

12. Achieving food security in the desalination age

Eanna Farrell & Hassan Arafat

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Food security and desalination in action – a GCC perspective

12.3 Drivers affecting food security

12.4 Human health – why we need food security

12.5 Solutions – working towards food security

12.6 Conclusion and recommendations

13. Renewable energy policy and mitigating the risks for investment

Nadejda Komendantova

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Obstacles to deployment and associated investment risks

13.3 The case study method for assessing barriers & risks

13.4 Case study results on mitigating investment risks

13.5 Concluding remarks

14. Integrating renewable energy sources into smart grids: opportunities and challenges

Muhammad Anan

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Opportunities

14.3 Challenges

14.4 Conclusions

15. Current trends and future prospects of renewable energy-driven desalination (RE-DES)

Lourdes García-Rodríguez

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Assessment of current trends in re-des technologies

15.3 Future prospects for re-des technology development

15.4 Market opportunities

About the Editors

Hacene Mahmoudi (1975, Algeria) is a full Professor at the University Hassiba Benbouali of Chlef, Algeria, where he is acting asVice President for external relations. The doctoral degree of Dr Mahmoudi is in mechanical engineering from the University of Sciences and Technology of Oran (2008) Algeria. He is the author of over 60 publications and chapters in textbooks. Hacene is a member of the Editorial Board of several water related journals and books. Pr. Hacene Mahmoudi’s research interests are in the areas of renewable energy, desalination, sustainable development and membrane preparation and characterization.

Dr.-Ing. Noreddine Ghaffour is a Research Professor at theWater Desalination & Reuse Center (WDRC) at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). He is the WDRC’s Research Theme Leader on Desalination. Before leaving Montpellier University, France, where he spent seven years, he spent another seven years as R&D and Capacity Building Manager at the Middle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC). Prof. Noreddine has over 25 years of experience in the field of drinkingwater treatment technologies, and has specialized in the area of membrane and thermal based desalination processes and its related fields. Over the years, he has made major contributions becoming an internationally recognized expert in desalination technologies and its related fields, such as renewable energy-driven and innovative energy-efficient desalination technologies. He obtained his PhD degree from Montpellier University, France, in 1995. He is the author of over 200 publications, several patents and chapters in textbooks. Noreddine is an Associate Editor of the Desalination Journal and a member of the Editorial Board of otherwater related journals.

Mattheus (Theo) F. A. Goosen (1950, Netherlands), who is a Canadian citizen, has played key roles in the development of new start up academic institutions. For the past nine years he has held the position of founding Associate Vice President for Research & Graduate Studies at Alfaisal University a private start-up non-profit institution in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. His doctoral degree is in chemical & biomedical engineering from the University of Toronto (1981) Canada. Theo has more than 180 publications to his credit including over 135 refereed journal papers, 45 conference papers, 11 edited books and 10 patents. Dr Goosen’s research interests are in the areas of renewable energy, desalination, sustainable development, membrane separations, spray coating technology and biomaterials.

Jochen Bundschuh (1960, Germany), finished his PhD on numerical modeling of heat transport in aquifers in Tübingen in 1990. He is working in geothermics, subsurface and surface hydrology and integrated water resources management, and connected disciplines. From 1993 to 1999 he served as an expert for the German Agency of Technical Cooperation (GTZ – now GIZ) and as a long term professor for the DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) in Argentina. From 2001 to 2008 he worked within the framework of the German governmental cooperation (Integrated Expert Program of CIM; GTZ/BA) as adviser in mission to Costa Rica at the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE). Here, he assisted the country in evaluation and development of its huge low-enthalpy geothermal resources for power generation. Since 2005, he has been an affiliate professor of the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. In 2006, he was elected Vice-President of the International Society of Groundwater for Sustainable Development ISGSD. From 2009–2011 he was visiting professor at the Department of Earth Sciences at the National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan. Since 2012, Dr. Bundschuh is a professor in hydrogeology at the University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia where he leads the Platform for Water in the Nexus of Sustainable Development working in the wide field of water resources and low/middle enthalpy geothermal resources, water and wastewater treatment and sustainable and renewable energy resources.

Dr. Bundschuh is author of the books “Low-Enthalpy Geothermal Resources for Power Generation” (CRC Press/Balkema) and “Introduction to the Numerical Modeling of Groundwater and Geothermal Systems: Fundamentals of Mass, Energy and Solute Transport in Poroelastic Rocks”. He is editor of 16 books and editor of the book series “Multiphysics Modeling”, “Arsenic in the Environment”, “Sustainable Energy Developments” and “SustainableWater Developments” (all CRC Press/Balkema). Since 2015, he is an editor in chief of the Elsevier journal “Groundwater for Sustainable Development”.

About the Series

Sustainable Water Developments - Resources, Management, Treatment, Efficiency and Reuse

The book series addresses novel techniques and measures related to sustainable water developments with an interdisciplinary focus on different fields of water resources assessment and management, freshwater production, water and wastewater treatment and wastewater reuse as well as water-efficient technologies and water-saving measures. Particular attention is paid to the role of water issues within the water-energy-food-public health-ecosystem-climate nexus.
Water and wastewater industries are rapidly growing sectors providing significant opportunities for investments. This applies especially to those industries using sustainable water and wastewater technologies, which are increasingly favored.
The series of books constitutes an information source and facilitator for the transfer of knowledge, focusing on practical solutions and better understanding. It is aimed at academics, manufacturers and consultants, and professionals from governmental and non-governmental organizations, international funding agencies, public health, policy, regulatory and other relevant institutions, as well as the wider public, and targets communities and industries both great and small. The series includes books authored and edited by world-renowned scientists and engineers as well as by leading authorities in economics and politics. Women are particularly encouraged to contribute, either as author or editor.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply