Reproduction and Development in Platyhelminthes  book cover
SAVE
$33.99
1st Edition

Reproduction and Development in Platyhelminthes




ISBN 9780367348052
Published January 22, 2020 by CRC Press
320 Pages 61 B/W Illustrations

 
SAVE ~ $33.99
was $169.95
USD $135.96

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Preview

Book Description

This book is a comprehensive elucidation on aspects of reproduction and development in platyhelminthes covering from acoelids to taeniids. With the unique presence of neoblasts, turbellarians serve as a model for studies on cancer and senescence. Of ~ 27,000 species, ~ 77% are parasites; they are harmful to man and his food basket from livestock and fish. The stress hormone, cortisol level is responsible for susceptibility and resistance of the host. In digeneans, the propagatory multiplication potency is retained by all the larval forms and in either direction in sporocyst. The higher clonal diversity, mixing and selection in Second Intermediate Host (SIH) may purge inbreeding depression suffered by the fluke on propagatory multiplication in First Intermediate Host (FIH). Of 12,012 digeneans, 88% may engage 33,014 potential SIH species. They have the choice to select one among the available/awaiting 3.5 host species. The motility of vertebrate host and euryxenic flexibility/scope for selection of SIH species has increased lineage diversification in digeneans. The life cycle of cestodes is divided into aquatic and terrestrial patterns. The former includes (i) oncosphere and (ii) coracidium types and the latter (iii) hexacanth-cysticercoid, (iv) hexacanth-tetrathyridium and (v) hexacanth-cysticercus types. The share for the oncosphere, coracidium and hexacanth types is 17.0, 29.5 and 46.5%, respectively. The staggering fecundity and adoption of the intermediate host in the herbivorous/insectivorous food chain have enriched Taenioidea as the most (2,264) speciose order. Sex specific genes Smed-dmd 1 and macbol have been identified, and neuropeptides and dipeptides are involved in sexualization. Trematodes are unable to parasitize elasmobranchs, as they cannot suck body fluid/blood containing a high level of urea. Relatively higher fecundity supplemented with propagatory multiplication, incorporation of SIH in 88% species, clonal selection in SIH, and euryxenic flexibility and the widest choice for selection of SIH have led to the highest lineage diversification to render digeneans as the most speciose order in Platyhelminthes.

Table of Contents

General Introduction
Introduction
Taxonomy and Diversity
Life Cycles
Host-Parasite Distribution
Fecundity
Osmotrophism and Digestion
Neoblasts

Turbellaria
Introduction
PART A: GENERAL FEATURES
Taxonomy and Distribution
Reproductive System
Transition to Parasitism
Contrasting Strategies
Semelparity and Iteroparity
Sexuality
PART B: REGENERATION
Introduction
Distribution and Potency
Cell Counts and Mitosis
Blastema and Regeneration
Genes in Regeneration
PART C: CLONAL REPRODUCTION
Introduction
Surgery and Potency
Clonal Types
Switching Sexuality
Telomere and Senescence

Monogenea
Introduction
Taxonomy and Distribution
Life Cycle and Characteristics
Host Specificity

Digenea
Introduction
Taxonomy: Parasites and Hosts
Larval Forms
Intermediate Hosts
Clonal Selection
Amphiparatenic Transmission
Polyembryony and/or Parthenogenesis
Sequence and Potency
The Transmission
‘Sweet is Shorter’
Prevalence and Density
Causes and Losses

Cestoda
Introduction
Taxonomy and Diversity
Reproductive System
Life Cycles
Neoteny- Progenesis
Prevalence and Intensity
Schistocephalus solidus
Clonal Multiplications
The Transmission
Fishes and Losses

Sexualization
Introduction
Chromosomes and Genes
Endocrine Differentiation
Endocrine Disruption

Comparison and Highlights
Introduction
Neoblasts Types
Clonal Selection
Progenesis
Habitat Distribution
Diversification and Speciation

References

...
View More

Author(s)

Biography

Recipient of the S.S. Bhatnagar Prize, the highest Indian award for scientists, one of the ten National Professorships, T.J. Pandian has served as editor/ member of editorial boards of many international journals. His books on Animal Energetics (Academic Press) identify him as a prolific but precise writer. His five volumes on Sexuality, Sex Determination and Differentiation in Fishes, published by CRC Press, are ranked with five stars. He is presently authoring a multi-volume series on Reproduction and Development of Aquatic Invertebrates, of which the volumes on Crustacea, Mollusca, Echinodermata and Prochordata, and Annelida have already been published. The next one, Platyhelminthes, is in your hands and Minor Phyla is being prepared.