While many developing countries rapidly expanded their scientific and technological capabilities during the 1960s and 1970s, the current international economic crisis has severely threatened these programs and the developing world has staggered under its debt burden. These economic difficulties highlight the need to utilize effectively the limited scientific and technological resources available. In this volume, an international group of experts explore ways to organize research and development programs; create flexible and appropriate linkages to promote supplier user interactions at national, regional, and international levels; and design policy instruments to encourage and finance research and development.Three case studies illustrate all these aspects of research and development.The contributors also· outline suggestions for pioneer projects in such areas as a technological services delivery system for small industries; a local technology system for rural areas; a fund-syndicating technology delivery system for later enterprises and investors; linkages to improved productivity in under-utilized capacity; and identifications of needs in the least-developed countries.
Table of Contents
Foreword /Amilcar F. Ferrari -- Preface /Rodney W. Nichols, Francisco Sagasti -- PART ONE - REPORT OF THE AD HOC PANEL OF SPECIALISTS ON THE REINFORCEMENT OF LINKAGES BETWEEN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AND THE PRODUCTION SYSTEM -- PART TWO - R&D ACTIVITIES: PROGRAMME FORMATION AND PROGRAMME PROMOTION -- PART THREE - MECHANISMS FOR PROMOTING AND INSTITUTIONALIZING INTERACTION -- A. Linkage mechanisms at the national level -- B. Linkage mechanisms through international co-operation -- PART FOUR - POLICY AND FINANCING MECHANISMS -- PART FIVE - CASE STUDIES -- PART SIX - PIONEER PROJECTS -- Annex: List of participants.
Mary Pat Williams Silveira is scientific affairs officer at the UN Centre for Science and Technology for Development and is currently on loan to the United Nations Development Programme in Mozambique. She is co-author of Scientist and World Order: The Uses of Technical Knowledge in International Organizations (1977) and Science, Technology, and Global Problems (1979).