1st Edition

Research and Relevant Knowledge American Research Universities Since World War II

Edited By Roger L. Geiger Copyright 2004
    434 Pages
    by Routledge

    447 Pages
    by Routledge

    The rise of American research universities to international preeminence constitutes one of the most important episodes in the history of higher education. Research and Relevant Knowledge follows Geiger's earlier volume on American research universities from 1900 to 1940. This second work is the first study to trace this momentous development in the post-World War II period. It describes how the federal government first relied on university scientists during the war, and how the resulting relationship set the pattern for the postwar mushrooming of academic research.

    The first half of the book analyzes the development of the postwar system of academic research, exploring the contributions of foundations, defense agencies, and universities. The second half depicts the rise of the "golden age" of academic research in the years after Sputnik (1957) and its eventual dissolution at the end of the 1960s graduate education. When the federal patron soon reduced its largesse, university students took the lead in challenging the putative hegemony of academic research. The loss of consensus quickly brought the malaise of the 1970s--stagnation, frustration, and equivocation about the research role. The final chapter appraises the renaissance of the 1980s, based largely on a rapprochement with the private sector, and ends by evaluating the embattled status of research universities at the beginning of the 1990s.

    Research and Relevant Knowledge provides the first authoritative analytical account of American research universities during their most fateful half-century. It will be of critical importance to all those concerned with the future of higher education in the United States.

    Research and Relevant Knowledge; 1: Origins of the Federal Research Economy; 2: Research Universities in the Postwar Era, 1945-1957; 3: The Development of Universities in the Postwar Era; 4: Private Foundations and the Research Universities, 1945-1960; 5: University Advancement from the Postwar Era to the 1960s; 6: The Transformation of Federal Research Support in the Sputnik Era; 7: The Golden Age on Campus: The Research Universities in the 1960s; 8: Dissolution of a Consensus; 9: Surviving the Seventies; 10: The New Era of the 1980s


    Roger L. Geiger