1st Edition

Researching Interpretive Talk Around Literary Narrative Texts Shared Novel Reading

By John Gordon Copyright 2020
    260 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    260 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Drawing on a multidisciplinary approach integrating insights from conversation analysis, narrative analysis, and narratology, this book theorizes teaching around narrative prose in each level of education, with a focus on a new framework of Pedagogic Literary Narration which emphasizes the practice of shared novel reading and the importance of the role of the teacher in mediating this practice. // With insights taken from a comprehensive set of transcripts taken from actual classrooms, the volume focuses on the convention in native-tongue literary study in which teachers and students read a novel shared over lessons, combining periods of reading aloud with those of questioning and discussion. In so doing, Gordon seeks to extend existing methodologies from literary and social science research toward informing teaching practice in literary pedagogy and address the need for a theorization of literary pedagogy which considers the interrelationship between text-in-print and text-through-talk. Transcripts are supported with comprehensive analyses to help further explicate the research methodology and provide guidance on implementing it in the classroom. // This book is a valuable resource for scholars in language and education, literary studies, narrative inquiry, and education research.


    Chapter 1:

    Literary study and shared novel reading in education

    1.0 Introduction

    1.1 Shared literary reading

    1.2 Literary study in education: an overview

    1.2.1 Literary pedagogy for supporting students’ comprehension of texts

    1.2.2 Conceptualisations of reading

    1.2.3 The role of classroom talk in reading

    1.3 Shared novel reading

    1.4 Readers’ experiences of shared novel reading in education

    1.4.1 Questionnaire design and questions

    1.4.2 Survey results

    1.4 Summary

    Chapter 2:

    Researching conversations about literature in schools and universities

    2.0 Introduction

    2.1 Research in the discipline of literary study: some examples

    2.1.1 Practical Criticism as research-informed practice

    2.1.2 Louise Rosenblatt: ‘Reader Text Poem’

    2.1.3 Systematic Functional Linguistics and the verbal arts

    2.2 Researching learning conversations

    2.3 Researching how voices mediate texts for literary study

    2.4 Summary

    Chapter 3:

    Novels, narratives and narratology

    3.0 Introduction

    3.1 Key terms

    3.1.1 Narrative

    3.1.2 Narration

    3.1.3 Narratology / narratologies

    3.2 The novel as a narrative form: the literary studies perspective

    3.3 Novels in education

    3.4 Classical narratologies and their use in school English

    3.4.1 Propp’s morphology of narrative

    3.4.2 Narrative analysis: Labov and Waletzy

    3.4.3 Genette and narrative voice

    3.4.4 Narrative time: Ricoeur

    3.5 New narratologies and their use in researching literary study

    3.6 Summary

    Chapter 4

    Theorising Pedagogic Literary Narration: towards a new narratology of literary study conversations

    4.0 Introduction

    4.1 Pedagogic Literary Narration

    4.1.1 Pedagogic Literary Narration as narration-in-interaction

    4.2 Adapting the resources of conversation analysis to literary study contexts

    4.3 A three-way view of context for literary study

    4.3.1 View 1: institutional contexts for literary study interaction

    4.3.2 View 2: Pedagogic Literary Narration as classroom context

    4.2.3 View 3: the micro context of Pedagogic Literary Narration in action

    4.4 Data sources, settings and participants for this research

    4.4.1 Observing shared novel reading in action

    4.5 Adapting conversation analysis to Pedagogic Literary Narration

    4.6 Reducing and coding conversational literary study data

    4.6.1 Stage one: the classroom context of Pedagogic Literary Narration

    4.6.2 Stage two: the microcontext of Pedagogic Literary Narration

    4.7 An approach to analysing examples of Pedagogic Literary Narration

    4.8 Summary

    4.8.1 Pedagogic Literary Narration as a classroom context realised in teacher exposition

    4.8.2 Towards Pedagogic Literary Narration as micro context: teacher-quoted narration

    Chapter 5:

    Pedagogic Literary Narration in action

    5.0 Introduction

    5.1 The focal text: an extract from The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

    5.2 An extract from The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde discussed in the transcript

    5.3 Pedagogic Literary Narration as micro context

    5.3.1 Narrating, demonstrating and analysing suspense in teacher exposition

    5.3.2 Orchestrating narration, review and analysis through talk

    5.4 Theorising narratives and narrative analysis for literary pedagogy

    5.4.1 Reviewing Pedagogic Literary Narration in the three-way view of literary study

    5.4.2 The nature of narration in Pedagogic Literary Narration

    5.4.3 Heteroglot teacher exposition

    5.4.4 Recognising some limitations of Pedagogic Literary Narration and these research methods

    5.5 Summary

    Chapter 6:

    Spoken quotation in Pedagogic Literary Narration: Introducing QuoTE Analysis

    6.0 Introduction

    6.0.1 Focal texts: Jekyll and Hyde, and The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas

    6.0.2 Examples of spoken quotation in shared novel reading

    6.1 Reader positioning around quotations in literary study

    6.1.1 Quotation in literary study

    6.1.2 Positioning theory for literary pedagogy

    6.2 Quotations: From page to talk

    6.3 The turn of the page: Study text as participant in literary-critical talk

    6.4 The third turn or mini-lecture in classroom interaction

    6.5 QuoTE analysis

    6.6 Spoken quotation in shared literary reading

    6.6.1 Spoken quotation in teacher exposition, senior classroom

    6.6.2 Spoken quotation in on-going read-aloud talk, junior classroom

    6.7 Spoken quotations in literary-critical talk

    6.8 Summary

    Chapter 7:

    Elaborating characters through conversation

    7.0 Introduction

    7.1 Elaborating character development together in primary school

    7.1.1 Establishing character development as a focus

    7.1.2 Accounting for character development together

    7.1.3 Indexing a psychological character trait

    7.1.4 Elaborating character development together in Pedagogic Literary Narration

    7.2 Conceptualising character together in secondary school

    7.3 Analysing character through intertexts in higher education

    7.3.1 The focal text: Tom Jones by Henry Fielding

    7.3.2 Discussing characterisation in Tom Jones

    7.4 Summary

    Chapter 8:

    Discussing literary narratives in higher education: intertextuality and tethering

    8.0 Introduction

    8.1 A university seminar in a Contemporary Fiction module of literary study

    8.2 The focal text: Pond, by Claire-Louise Bennett

    8.3 Critical intertexts influencing seminar discussion

    8.3.1 An online review of Pond

    8.3.2 A published interview with Pond’s author, Claire-Louise Bennet

    8.4 Intertextuality, positioning theory and interaction

    8.4.1 What is intertextuality?

    8.4.2 Positioning theory and intertextuality

    8.5 Intertexuality in seminar discussion

    8.5.1 Invoking texts and invocations

    8.5.2 Call codes: identifying the many voices of intertexts

    8.5.3 Lemke’s categories of intertextual relationship

    8.6 Discussing ‘Pond’ together: Conversation analysis

    8.6.1 Discussing ‘Pond’ together: transcript

    8.6.2 How do participants enact intertextual literary analysis in conversation?

    8.6.3 How are intertextual voices introduced?

    8.6.4 How do intertextual voices relate to focal texts and position readers’ orientations to them?

    8.7 Tethering intertextual talk

    8.8 Summary

    Chapter 9:

    Building themes together: Talk about literary novels in and beyond formal education

    9.0 Introduction

    9.0.1 Shared reading in an informal book group

    9.0.2 Focal text: Life after Life by Kate Atkinson

    9.03 Finding an analytic approach suited to informal shared literary reading

    9.1 Framing shared literary reading of Life after Life

    9.1.0 Participants frame conversation about Life after Life: an informal agenda

    9.1.1 Framing book group conversation for analysis

    9.2 Life after Life: extended plain text transcripts

    9.2.1 Plain transcript 1: representing parallel life stories, and catalyst events

    9.2.2 Plain transcript 2: chance and the ‘what if’ conceit

    9.2.3 Plain transcript 3: form and Life after Life as a ‘what if’ book

    9.2.4 Plain transcript 4: Constant Izzie and déjà vu – ‘time is not linear’

    9.3 Discussing Life after Life: Conversation analysis

    9.3.0 Repetition as a resource in conversation

    9.4.0 Annotated transcript 1: maintaining diffuse text topics through repetition - ‘in Germany’

    9.3.2 Annotated transcript 2: collective text analysis through categorisation statements – ‘the what if scenario’

    9.3.3 Annotated transcript 3: considering the novel’s form by proxy - ‘difficult to film’

    9.3.4 Annotated transcript 4: deictic analysis - ‘time is not linear’

    9.4 Summary

    Chapter 10

    Discussing and navigating narrative form: How texts shape talk

    10.0 Introduction

    10.1 The epistolary form of Daddy Long-legs and genre theory

    10.1.1 The epistolary novel

    10.1.2 Genre theory

    10.2 Positioning theory and short stories

    10.3 Short storying to position reading and readers of Daddy Long-legs

    10.3.1 Short storying to express and invite reading positions to Daddy Long-legs

    10.3.2 Reporting the focal text narrative: short story summaries

    10.4 Orienting to analytic reading positions around Daddy Long-legs

    10.4.1 Reader positioning arising from focal text form

    10.4.2 Reader positioning oriented to focal text as a generic object

    10.5 Summary

    Chapter 11

    Developing Pedagogic Literary Narration for teaching literature

    11.0 Introduction

    11.1 Literary classroom discourse as pedagogic device

    11.1.1 The pedagogic device

    11.1.2 Public language

    11.1.3 Language codes

    11.1.4 The value of ‘restricted’ shared reading conversations

    11.2 Connecting reading group conversations with formal education

    11.2.1 Extra-narration in reading groups relative to formal literary education

    11.2.2 Paraphrased narrative in reading group conversations

    11.2.3 Intertextual text invocation in reading group conversations

    11.2.4 ‘Talkable texts’: repetition and synecdochic indexing in reading group talk

    11.3 Reviewing shared literary reading in formal education

    11.3.1 Involvement, narration and positioning

    11.3.2 Turn-taking patterns and the collective achievement of literary analysis

    11.3.3 Initiate-response-evaluate, teacher exposition and the pedagogic device of

    literary study

    11.3.4 Spoken quotation: an essential feature of spoken literary discourse?

    11.3.5 How and how much texts enter talk

    11.4 Summary

    Chapter 12:

    Interpretive talk around literary narrative texts: an overview

    12.0 An overview

    12.1 The analytic resources generated by this study

    12.2 A narratology for interpretive talk around literary narrative texts

    12.2.1 The significance of this narratology for education research

    12.2.2 The significance of shared novel reading and Pedagogic Literary Narration for education

    12.3 New stories for teachers of literature

    12.3.1 Eavesdropping on shared novel reading in teacher education

    12.3.2 Teacher-researchers: shared literary reading in a Masters-level programme

    12.4 Summary


    Table 4.1 Shared novel reading: observed examples

    Table 4.2 Focal class data, The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

    Table 4.3 Teacher exposition, teacher-quoted narrative comprising multi-quotation turns

    Table 6.1 Positioning affordances of spoken quotation in literary pedagogy

    Table 8.1 Call codes – voices of human agents

    Table 8.2 Call codes - verbal text voices

    Table 10.1 Three levels of positioning questions, after Rattansi & Phoenix

    Table 12.1 Key terms for researching interpretive talk around literary narrative texts during shared novel reading


    Figure 12.1 A post-classical narratology for interpretive talk around literary narrative texts

    Figure 12.2 Shared novel reading: observing other teachers / evaluating your own teaching




    John Gordon is Senior Lecturer in Education at the School of Education and Lifelong Learning at the University of East Anglia, UK.