Resilience Engineering Perspectives, Volume 2: Preparation and Restoration, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Resilience Engineering Perspectives, Volume 2

Preparation and Restoration, 1st Edition

By Erik Hollnagel

Edited by Christopher P. Nemeth

CRC Press

310 pages

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pub: 2009-07-15
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Description

Preparation and Restoration is the second volume of Resilience Engineering Perspectives within the Ashgate Studies in Resilience Engineering series. In four sections, it broadens participation of the field to include policy and organization studies, and articulates aspects of resilience beyond initial definitions: - Policy and Organization explores public policy and organizational aspects of resilience and how they aid or inhibit preparation and restoration - Models and Measures addresses thoughts on ways to measure resilience and model systems to detect desirable, and undesirable, results - Elements and Traits examines features of systems and how they affect the ability to prepare for and recover from significant challenges - Applications and Implications examines how resilience plays out in the living laboratory of real-world operations. Preparation and Restoration addresses issues such as the nature of resilience; the similarities and differences between resilience and traditional ideas of system performance; how systems cope with varying demands and sometimes succeed and sometimes fail; how an organization's ways of preparing before critical events can enable or impede restoration; the trade-offs that are needed for systems to operate and survive; instances of brittle or resilient systems; how work practices affect resilience; the relationship between resilience and safety; and what improves or erodes resilience. This volume is valuable reading for those who create and operate systems that must not only survive, but thrive, in the face of challenge.

Reviews

'…like Volume 1, this volume is a must-have for people who are interested in new ideas about and developments in safety and again it is inspiring to think about the practical implication of the presented models.' Safety Science, April 2010

Table of Contents

Contents: The ability to adapt, Christopher P. Nemeth; Part I Policy and Organization: The politics and policy challenges of disaster resilience, Thomas A. Birkland and Sarah Waterman; Resilience capacity and strategic agility: prerequisites for thriving in a dynamic environment, Cynthia Lengnick-Hall and Tammy E. Beck. Part II Models and Measures: An initial comparison of selected models of system resilience, David D. Woods, Jason Schenk and Theodore T. Allen; Measuring resilience, John Wreathall. Part III Elements and Traits: The 4 cornerstones of resilience engineering, Erik Hollnagel; Ready for trouble: 2 faces of resilience, Ron Westrum; Layered resilience, Philip J. Smith, Amy L. Spencer and Charles E. Billings. Part IV Applications and Implications: Notes from underground: latent resiliency in healthcare, Shawna J. Perry and Robert L. Wears; Cognitive underpinnings of resilience: a case study of group decision in emergency response, David Mendonça and Yao Hu; Restoration through preparation: is it possible? Analysis of a low-probability/high-consequence event, Martin Nijhof and Sidney Dekker; Understanding and contributing to resilient work systems, Emilie M. Roth, Jordan Multer and Ronald Scott; The infusion device as a source of healthcare resilience, Christopher P. Nemeth, Michael O'Connor and Richard I. Cook; Bibliography; Index.

About the Author/Editor

Dr Christopher P. Nemeth, Principal Scientist and Group Leader for Cognitive Systems Engineering, Klein Associates Division (KAD) of Applied Research Associates (ARA), USA, Professor Erik Hollnagel, Industrial Safety Chair at MINES ParisTech, France and Sidney Dekker is Professor and Director of the Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice and Governance at Griffith University in Brisbane, Australia. Previously Professor at Lund University, Sweden, and Director of the Leonardo Da Vinci Center for Complexity and Systems Thinking there, he gained his Ph.D. in Cognitive Systems Engineering from The Ohio State University, USA. He has worked in New Zealand, the Netherlands and England, been Senior Fellow at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, Visiting Academic in the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University in Melbourne, and Professor of Community Health Science at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba in Canada. Sidney is author of several best-selling books on system failure, human error, ethics and governance. He has been flying the Boeing 737NG part-time as airline pilot for the past few years. The OSU Foundation in the United States awards a yearly Sidney Dekker Critical Thinking Award.

About the Series

Ashgate Studies in Resilience Engineering

Ashgate Studies in Resilience Engineering
Resilience engineering has become a recognized alternative to traditional approaches to safety management. Whereas these have focused on risks and failures as the result of a degradation of normal performance, resilience engineering sees failures and successes as two sides of the same coin - as different outcomes of how people and organizations cope with a complex, underspecified and therefore partly unpredictable environment. Normal performance requires people and organizations at all times to adjust their activities to meet the current conditions of the workplace, by trading-off efficiency and thoroughness and by making sacrificing decisions. But because information, resources and time are always finite such adjustments will be approximate and consequently performance is variable. Under normal conditions this is of little consequence, but every now and then - and sometimes with a disturbing regularity - the performance variability may combine in unexpected ways and give rise to unwanted outcomes. The Ashgate Studies in Resilience Engineering series promulgates new methods, principles and experiences that can complement established safety management approaches. It provides invaluable insights and guidance for practitioners and researchers alike in all safety-critical domains. While the Studies pertain to all complex systems they are of particular interest to high-hazard sectors such as aviation, ground transportation, the military, energy production and distribution, and healthcare.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PSY021000
PSYCHOLOGY / Industrial & Organizational Psychology
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety