Focused on forest management and governance, this book examines two decades of experience with Adaptive Collaborative Management (ACM), assessing both its uses and improvements needed to address global environmental issues.
The volume argues that the activation and the empowerment of local peoples are critical to addressing current environmental challenges and that this must be enhanced by linking and extending such stewardship to global and national policymakers and actors on a broader scale. This can be achieved by employing ACM’s participatory approach, characterized by conscious efforts among stakeholders to communicate, collaborate, negotiate and seek out opportunities to learn collectively about the impacts of their action. The case studies presented here reflect decades of experience working with forest communities in three Indonesian Islands and four African countries. Researchers and practitioners who participated in CIFOR’s early ACM work had the rare opportunity to return to their research sites decades later to see what has happened. These authors reflect critically on their own experience and local site conditions to glean insights that guide us in more effectively addressing climate change and other forest-related challenges. They showcase how global and regional actors will have to work more closely with smallholders, Indigenous Peoples and local communities, recognizing the key local roles in forest stewardship.
This book will be of great interest to students, scholars and practitioners working in the fields of conservation, forest management, community development, natural resource management and development studies more broadly.
The Open Access version of this book, available at www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.
1. A Time to Change Direction
Carol J. Pierce and Ravi Prabhu
2. Revisiting Baru Pelepat: Life after ACM (Indonesia)
Elizabeth Linda Yuliani, Moira Moeliono, Trikurnianti Kusumanto (Yanti), Marzoni, Effi Permatasari, Hasantoha Adnan, Yayan Indriatmoko and Carol J. Pierce Colfer
3. Trust Building in a Multi-stakeholder Forum in Jambi, Indonesia
Nining Liswanti, Ade Tamara and Shintia Arwida
4. ACM as a Pathway to Mitigate Jakarta’s Flood Impacts in a Changing Climate
Trikurnianti (Yanti) Kusumanto, Gusti Ayu Ketut Surtiari, Chris Zevenbergen, Annisa Triyanti, D. Ary A. Samsura, Tristam Pascal Moeliono and Yus Budiono
5. The Power of Possibility in Landscape Governance: Multiple Lives of Participatory Action Research in Kajang, Sulawesi
Micah Fisher, Agus Mulyana, Ardi Labarani, Kamaluddin, E. Linda Yuliani and Moira Moeliono
6. Herding Cats: Facilitation in Social Learning Processes
Jürgen Hagmann, Edward Chuma, Joe Ramaru, Henning Peter, Kudakwashe Murwira, Paolo Ficarelli, Hlamalani Ngwenya and Klaus Krebs.
7. Sustaining Adaptive Collaborative Management Processes: Challenges and Opportunities from Mafungautsi State Forest, Gokwe, Zimbabwe
W. Kozanayi, R. Nyirenda, T. Mutimukuru-Maravanyika, F. Matose, M. Ngwenya and Lizwelabo Sibanda
8. An Assessment of Participatory Forest Management Inspired by Adaptive Collaborative Management in Malawi
Judith Kamoto, Edward Missanjo and Ida N.S. Djenontin
9. Collaborative Forest Management in Uganda: Policy, Implementation, and Longevity
10. ACM and Model Forests: A New Paradigm for Africa
Mariteuw Chimère Diaw, Joachim Nguiebouri, Bruhnel Vambi N’Tambu, Julie Gagoe Tchoko, Marie Françoise Roselle Ngo Baneg, and Caroline Bilogui
11. Changing the Game: An Economy Built Around Stewardship
Ravi Prabhu and Carol J. Pierce Colfer
"Recent political and civil society interest in forests suggests that the time is right for significant changes in forest governance. Conventional forest institutions may no longer be "fit for purpose" and the calls for "evidence-based management" are countered by disagreement on how evidence is collected, to support what agenda and by whom. Determining the future of forests is going to be a blend of politics and art. The latest thinking of the ACM community suggests some interesting possibilities for changing direction."
Jeff Sayer, Department of Forest and Conservation Sciences
"Projects in Asia and Africa by CIFOR introduced the concept of adaptive collaborative management. This volume is over two decades in the making: it affords a rare opportunity to revisit those projects and contemplate experiences gained. Deep reflections on knowledge generated inform our future, with such approaches being needed now, more than ever."
Ryan Plummer, Ph.D, Professor and Director, Environmental Sustainability Research Centre
"Colfer and Prabhu pioneered the testing of adaptive collaborative management in forests twenty years ago and have seized a rare opportunity to produce this wonderful book to show how well their ideas have stood the test of time. Adaptive learning and cooperation in challenging, complex environments are more relevant than ever before in our current times of climate change, food system transformation and conflict. The experiences recounted here show that processes that foster learning may not always be institutionalized or sustained, but they can trigger a reset of critical relationships and communication patterns that support better forest management and human well-being. This kind of long-term follow-up on innovations is itself good learning for us all."
Lini Wollenberg, PhD, University of Vermont
"In this edited volume, Colfer, Prabhu, and their co-authors offer local lessons of great significance to the global challenge of climate change. Their contexts are forest communities surrounded by pressures of deforestation. The authors trace the effects over two decades of interventions informed by adaptive collaborative management approaches. While rooted in communities, ACM strives to open pathways at multiple institutional levels for people and systems to shift to "more adaptive and sustainable states" (p. 4). The promising news across these chapters (and volume 1) is that the participatory action learning and networks catalyzed by ACM effectively empowered diverse types of communities to gain a voice in their local forest governance. Even more significant, this collective agency persisted and took on new challenges beyond the formal ACM interventions. These chapters also offer valuable tactical guidance on ACM tools, including multi-stakeholder forums, expert facilitation, and trust-building, and cycles of shared learning, problem-solving, and reflection on lessons to take forward."
Patti Petesch, Wageningen University
"It is rare to have a book that evaluates two decades of experience with a promising approach. As Chapter 1 points out, much of the forestry world was oblivious to community-level possibilities until the early 2000s. Communities were considered, if anything, as impediments to management. Colfer, Prabhu and colleagues demonstrate why effective management and conservation could only occur through adaptive approaches with the collaboration of people living in and using the forest."
Fikret Berkes, Distinguished Professor Emeritus, University of Manitoba
"Multi-stakeholder collaboration is one of the most important issues at this time, whether in efforts to move forward in regional development, community empowerment or in making political progress towards the 2030 sustainable development targets (SDGs). ACM (Adaptive Collaborative Management) is one method which addresses the question of interaction and balance among living things. It provides guidance in the steps required to organize people in the right way and at the right time."
Sarwono Kusumaatmadjam, Chairman, Advisory Council for Climate Change Policies
"Thought provoking, insightful and grounded - the editors and contributors build on over two decades of their applied scholarship and policy experience to offer lessons from diverse initiatives. The core focus on learning through change and navigating relationships of power remain, but what sets this book apart is the emphasis on ‘scaling up’. Context may be key, but as this book shows, experiments with adaptive and collaborative management are a catalyst for the governance innovations and institutional transformations required to support resilient communities confronting uncertain futures."
Derek Armitage, University of Waterloo
"The inclusive approach to address climate change and environmental challenges through ACM is timely. Communities and young people, now more than ever, yearn for a seat at the table, and for their voices to be heard in the global effort to find tangible and effective solutions to resolve these ‘wicked problems’. Colfer, Prabhu, et. al., highlight the positive outcomes that may arise from ACM as the next generation and members of the community become involved and invested in mitigating climate change, biodiversity loss, deforestation and other environmental causes."
Takudzwa S. Mutezo, Mandela Washington Fellowship for Young African Leaders 2022
"Since the rise of ACM 20 years ago, three key developments have occurred. 1) Climate change is now globally accepted and understood; 2) forests are seen as a key solution for carbon capture and storage; 3) there is greatly increased recognition of the role for lndigenous Peoples and Local Communities in managing natural resources. These improvements allow emergence of schemes like Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES), which links local management to international environmental markets. ACM can offer valuable insights to make such schemes effective and empowering."
Laetania Belai Djandam, Indigenous Dayak Environmental Activist and Youth Climate Reality Leader