Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests

2nd Edition

Edited by John A. Stanturf

CRC Press

561 pages | 157 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2015-08-14
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Humans have influenced the landscapes and forests throughout the temperate and boreal zones for millennia. Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests, Second Edition focuses on the negative impact of human activity, and explains the importance of forest restoration as a way to repair habitat, restore forest structure and function, and counteract the lasting effects of humanity. The book offers broad geographic coverage, as well as a combination of review and case study chapters providing social and policy contexts for restoration of specific forest types.

This revised edition begins with a historical context for restoration, provides a conceptual framework for understanding the relationship between degradation and restoration, and defines terms within that framework. While building on the first edition, it presents the response of restorationists to the current challenges of interpreting scattered science on forest history, stand development, and natural processes. It combines applicable experience designed to improve present and future ecological and social sustainability.

  • Describes restoration in the context of rapid social, economic, environmental, and climate change
  • Looks toward the future, presenting several completely new topics in forest restoration
  • Covers different starting points for restoration, from non-forest to degraded forest

Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests, Second Edition aids in the understanding of the diverse cultural and ecological contexts for restoration of temperate and boreal forests, and the creation of a better foundation of documented knowledge to support future and existing restoration decisions.


"This important text on forest restoration is very welcome. … I expect this book to become a key text in future for those looking for ways to restore forest cover whether this is to provide goods or to generate ecosystem services."

—David Lamb, University of Queensland, Australia

"… draws upon contributions from more than 65 science and management experts to detail the current state of restoration knowledge and practice for boreal and temperate forests around the world. … provides scientists, managers and students with the most up-to-date, comprehensive, and globally relevant compendium devoted to the science and application of forest restoration."

—Emile S. Gardiner, USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station

"…builds upon the strong foundations for forest ecosystem restoration and sustainable management provided by the first edition and provides further authoritative illustrations of good practice and sound recommendations to help improve policy, investment and management."

—Peter R. Burbridge, Professor Emeritus for Coastal Science and Management, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, England

"…provides a wide ranging breadth of information on restoration efforts being conducted in the boreal and temperate forests. This book is recommended for forest practitioners who want to obtain a broad understanding of forest restoration programs throughout this region of the world."

—Steven C. Grossnickle, Restoration Ecology, April 2016

Table of Contents

What Is Forest Restoration?

John A. Stanturf

What Is a Natural Forest?

Richard H.W. Bradshaw

Effects of Restoration at the Stand Level

Chadwick D. Oliver, Kevin L. O’Hara, and Patrick J. Baker

Integrating Ungulate Herbivory into Forest Landscape Restoration

Thomas P. Rooney, Rita Buttenschøn, Palle Madsen, Carsten Riis Olesen, Alejandro A. Royo, and Susan L. Stout

Site Preparation Techniques for Forest Restoration

Magnus Löf, Back Tomas Ersson, Joakim Hjältén, Tomas Nordfjell, Juan A. Oliet, and Ian Willoughby

Developing Restoration Strategies for Temperate Forests Using Natural Regeneration Processes

Holger Fischer, Franka Huth, Ulrike Hagemann, and Sven Wagner

Plantations: Forests: Wilderness: The Diversity of Forest Landscapes in Europe as a Consequence of Social Change, Technological Progress and Disturbance

Norbert Weber and Sandra Liebal

Afforestation and Land Use Dynamics in the Baltic States

Kalev Jõgiste, Marek Metslaid, and Veiko Uri

Afforestation in Denmark

Palle Madsen, Finn A. Jensen, and Søren Fodgaard

Forest Restoration and Rehabilitation in the Republic of Korea

Don Koo Lee, Pil Sun Park, and Yeong Dae Park

Forest Landscape Restoration in China: A Case Study in the Minjiang River Watershed, Southwest China

Shirong Liu, Jiangming Ma, and Ning Miao

Restoration and Ecosystem-Based Management in the Circumboreal Forest: Background, Challenges and Opportunities

Timo Kuuluvainen, Yves Bergeron, and K. David Coates

Integrating Forest Restoration into Mainstream Land Management in British Columbia, Canada

Tanis L. Gower, Philip J. Burton, and Mike Fenger

A Hundred Years of Woodland Restoration in Great Britain: Changes in the Drivers that Influenced the Increase in Woodland Cover

Ralph Harmer, Kevin Watts, and Duncan Ray

Irish Peatland Forests: Lessons from the Past and Pathways to a Sustainable Future

Florence Renou-Wilson and Kenneth A. Byrne

Forest Restoration in the French Massif Central Mountains

Philippe Balandier and Bernard Prévosto

Conversion of Norway Spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) Forests in Europe

Jörg Hansen and Heinrich Spiecker

Restoration of Conifer Plantations in Japan: Perspectives for Stand and Landscape Management and for Enabling Social Participation

Takuo Nagaike

Restoration of Open Oak Woodlands in Mediterranean Ecosystems of Western Iberia and California

Mariola Sánchez-González, Guillermo Gea-Izquierdo, Fernando Pulido, Vanda Acácio, Doug McCreary, and Isabel Cañellas

Restoration of Midwestern Oak Woodlands and Savannas

Daniel C. Dey and John M. Kabrick

Restoration of Oak Forests (Quercus humboldtii) in the Colombian Andes: A Case Study of Landscape-Scale Ecological Restoration Initiatives in the Guacha River Watershed

A. Avella, S. Torres, L. M. Cárdenas, and A. A. Royo

Restoring Longleaf Pine Forest Ecosystems in the Southern United States

Dale G. Brockway, Kenneth W. Outcalt, Donald J. Tomczak, and Everett E. Johnson

Restoring Dry and Moist Forests of the Inland Northwestern United States

Theresa B. Jain and Russell T. Graham

Options for Promoting the Recovery and Rehabilitation of Forests Affected by Severe Insect Outbreaks

Philip J. Burton, Miroslav Svoboda, Daniel Kneeshaw, and Kurt W. Gottschalk

Restoring Boreal and Temperate Forests: A Perspective

John A. Stanturf

About the Editor

John A. Stanturf is a senior scientist at the Center for Forest Disturbance Science, Southern Research Station, US Forest Service in Athens, Georgia. He earned his BS in plant and soil science from Montana State University and his MS and Ph.D in forest soils from Cornell University. Dr. Stanturf was a Lady Davis Fellow at the Technion in Haifa, Israel, and was awarded with an honorary doctorate from the Estonian University of Life Sciences. Currently an adjunct professor of forestry at Auburn and Mississippi State Universities, Dr. Stanturf focuses his research on forest restoration, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and disturbance ecology.

About the Series

Integrative Studies in Water Management & Land Deve

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Ecology
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / Forestry
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General