Restoration of Contaminated Aquifers: Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Compounds, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Restoration of Contaminated Aquifers

Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Compounds, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

By Duane L. Winegardner, Stephen M. Testa

CRC Press

464 pages

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Hardback: 9781566703208
pub: 2000-06-22
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pub: 2016-04-19
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Description

The second edition of Restoration of Contaminated Aquifers: Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Compounds incorporates the latest advances in in-situ remediation and natural attenuation, and maintains the comprehensive, accessible structure that made the first edition a classic.

The new edition broadens the scope of the first by examining all forms of hydrocarbon contamination. The authors emphasize the remediation of Non-aqueous Phase Liquids (NAPLs) and, Dense Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids (DNAPLs). They also address the growing role of natural attenuation.

The second edition opens with an improved introduction. There are new sections on site characterization, remediation economics and site closure. And unlike other books on this subject, the new edition offers vital managerial and project management guidance, such as, initial project planning and assessment, a look at remediation economics, and a how-to on project closure and follow-up.

Since its initial publication in 1991, Restoration of Petroleum Hydrocarbon Contaminated Aquifers has been the established, invaluable reference for environmental professionals and regulators. Its sweeping, yet approachable format is inestimable in the field, in the lab, and in the policy-making arena. Restoration of Contaminated Aquifers: Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Compounds will continue to be the guide to the war against petroleum contamination.

Reviews

"…expands the scope of the earlier text by examining all forms of hydrocarbon contamination. These authors are pros having over 60 years experience in the environmental field…Their contribution to the profession is the easy to understand language of these highly technical concepts…a homerun…Without compromising clarity, the authors provide a text that can be used by three separate groups of users: new hires, students, and the practicing professional…this book is cohesive and flows nicely from one chapter to another, hitting on the most important concepts."

-James A. Jacobs, President, FAST-TEK Engineering Support Services

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

The Nature of Hydrocarbons

Understanding the Subsurface Environment

Evaluation and Development of a Remediation Strategy

The Role of the Geologist

The Role of the Engineer

The Role of the Regulator

References

REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

Introduction

Resource, Conservation and Recovery Act

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act

Department of Transportation

Clean Water Act

Safe Water Drinking Act

Specific State Programs

References

RISK-BASED CORRECTIVE ACTION

SUBSURFACE HYDROGEOLOGIC CHARACTERIZATION

Introduction

Geologic Characterization

Sedimentary Sequences and Facies Architecture

Structural Style and Framework

Hydrogeologic Characterization

Regional Hydrogeologic Considerations

Site-Specific Hydrogeologic Considerations

Pumping Strategies

References

HYDROCARBON CHEMISTRY

Introduction

Hydrocarbon Types

Transformation Processes

Degradation Processes

References

GEOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION (FORENSIC FINGERPRINTING)

Introduction

API Gravity

Trace Metals Analysis

Gas Chromatography

Isotope Analysis

Source Determination Techniques

Age Determination Techniques

References

FATE AND TRANSPORT PROCESSES

Introduction

Subsurface Processes

Occurrence and Flow of Immiscible Liquids

Capillary Fringe Interactions

Saturated Zone

NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUID CHARACTERIZATION

Introduction

Plume and Pool Geometry

NAPL Properties

Actual vs. Apparent Thickness Determination

Volume Determination

Recoverability

Relative Time Frames for Recovery

References

REMEDIAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR NAPLS

Introduction

Passive Systems

Active Systems

Natural Attenuation

Coproduced Water Handling Considerations

Other Technologies

References

DISSOLVED HYDROCARBONS IN GROUNDWATER REMEDIAL TECHNOLOGIES

Introduction

Pump-and-Treat

Air Stripping

Air Sparging

Biosparging

Natural Attenuation

Other Technologies

References

COPRODUCED WATER HANDLING

Introduction

Oil/Water Separation

Inorganics Removal

Organics Removal

Treatment Trains

Cost Comparison (Case Study)

Disposal Options

References

HYDROCARBON IMPACTED IN-SITU SOIL REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES

Introduction

Encapsulation

Vapor Extraction

Air Sparging

Steam Injection and Stripping

Soil Washing

Bioventing

Bioremediation

Natural Attenuation

Other Technologies

References

SITE CLOSURE CONSIDERATIONS

Introduction

Natural Attenuation vs. No Further Action

Parameters for Evaluation

Well Abandonment and Destruction

References

ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS

Introduction

Impacted Soil Considerations

NAPL Considerations

Dissolved Hydrocarbons in Groundwater Considerations

References

CASE HISTORIES

Introduction

Vacuum-Enhanced Suction-Lift Well-Point System

Rope Skimming System

Combined One- and Two-Pump System with Reinjection

Natural Attenuation

References

CONCLUSION

Appendix A: Glossary of Pertinent Technical and Regulatory Terms

Appendix B: Tabulation of Specific Gravity vs. API Gravity

Appendix C: Tabulation of Viscosity Conversions

Appendix D: Tabulation of Viscosity and Specific Gravity of Common Petroleum Products

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply