The rapid economic expansion and population growth of developing countries in Asia has led to increasing demands for water and energy. To meet these demands, large dam development projects have been completed, which has inevitably caused involuntary resettlement. In order to support these projects, dam developers must find appropriate ways to ensure adequate livelihood reconstruction for resettled individuals. Resettlement causes both short-term and long-term effects (both positive and negative) for the relocated populations, meaning that in order to evaluate the larger impact of such projects long-term post-project evaluations must be carried out. However, post-project evaluations by international donors have typically been conducted within a few years after completion; the long-term impact of such projects is seldom evaluated.
This book aims to fill this gap. A study team composed of researchers from Indonesia, Japan, Lao PDR, Sri Lanka, and Turkey has conducted ten case studies focusing on resettled individuals’ satisfaction, opportunities offered, and income generation. The volume provides an overview of the ten case studies, which were carried out across five countries. It also discusses how a compensation programme should be designed and what sort of options should be presented to resettled individuals for their maximum benefit.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of Water Resources Development.
1. The long-term impacts of resettlement programmes resulting from dam construction projects in Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Sri Lanka and Turkey: a comparison of land-for-land and cash compensation schemes Ryo Fujikura and Mikiyasu Nakayama 2. The resettlement programme of the Wonorejo Dam project in Tulungagung, Indonesia: the perceptions of former residents Dian Sisinggih, Sri Wahyuni and Pitojo Tri Juwono 3. Livelihood status of resettlers affected by the Saguling Dam project, 25 years after inundation Sunardi, Budhi Gunawan, Jagath Manatunge and Fifi Dwi Pratiwi 4. Resettlement and development: a survey of two of Indonesia’s Koto Panjang resettlement villages Syafruddin Karimi and Werry Darta Taifur 5. A long-term evaluation of families affected by the Bili-Bili Dam development resettlement project in South Sulawesi, Indonesia Hidemi Yoshida, Rampisela Dorotea Agnes, Mochtar Solle and Muh. Jayadi 6. The livelihood reconstruction of resettlers from the Nam Ngum 1 hydropower project in Laos Bounsouk Souksavath and Miko Maekawa 7. Reconstruction of the livelihood of resettlers from the Nam Theun 2 hydropower project in Laos Bounsouk Souksavath and Mikiyasu Nakayama 8. Long-term perceptions of project-affected persons: a case study of the Kotmale Dam in Sri Lanka Jagath Manatunge and Naruhiko Takesada 9. Atatürk Dam resettlement process: increased disparity resulting from insufficient financial compensation Erhan Akça, Ryo Fujikura and Çiğdem Sabbağ 10. The long-term implications of compensation schemes for community rehabilitation: the Kusaki and Sameura dam projects in Japan Kyoko Matsumoto, Yu Mizuno and Erika Onagi
Most of the world’s water problems, and their solutions, are directly related to policies and governance, both specific to water and in general. Two of the world’s leading journals in this area, the International Journal of Water Resources Development (sponsored by the Third World Centre for Water Management, Mexico) and Water International (the official journal of the International Water Resources Association), contribute to this special issues series, aimed at disseminating new knowledge on the policy and governance of water resources to a very broad and diverse readership all over the world. The series should be of direct interest to all policy makers, professionals and lay readers concerned with obtaining the latest perspectives on addressing the world’s many water issues.