In this volume, we have collected a series of reviews that cover both experimental and theoretical work geared toward the more exact requirements of current SFE applications. While we have artificially divided the volume into experimental and theoretical sections, natural overlaps will be apparent. Many of the papers on experimental and theoretical sections, natural overlaps will be apparent. Many of the papers on experimental technique contain discussions on equation of state correlations. Indeed, a good deal of the experimental work is intimately tied to a mathematical description of fluid mixtures.
The theoretical section presents reviews that cover the modern theory of critical phenomena, methods to correlate near critical experimental results and approaches to understanding the behavior of near critical fluids from microscopic theory. It is hoped that the scope of these reviews will provide the reader with the basis to further develop our understanding of the behavior of supercritical fluids.
Table of Contents
PART 1: THEORY OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS
Thermodynamics of Solutions Near the Solvent's Critical Point
Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium and the Modified Leung-Griffiths Model
Molecular Analysis of Phase Equilibria in Supercritical Fluids
Fluctuation Theory of Sueprcritical Solutions
Application of Molecular Simulation to the Study of Supercritical Extraction
Transport Properties of Supercritical Fluids and Fluid Mixtures
PART 2: EXPERIMENTAL WORK AND APPLICATIONS
Thermophysical Property data for Supercritical Extraction Design
Properties of Carbon Dioxide Rich Mixtures
Thermal Conductivity and Difffusivity in Supercritical Fluids
Mass Transfer in Supercritical Extraction from Solid Matrices
Design and Control of Supercritical Processes: A Review
Microemulsions in Near Critical and Supercritical Fluids
Supercritical Fluid Extraction and Retrograde Condensation (SFE/RC)
Supercritical Extraction in Environment Control
Reactions In and With Supercritical Fluids
A Summary of the Patent Literature of Supercritical Fluid Technology
Dr. Thomas J. Bruno leads the Experimental Properties of Fluids Group of the Thermophysical Properties Division at NIST, Boulder. Dr. Bruno received his B.S. in chemistry from the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn (1976), and his M.S. and Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Georgetown University (1978, 1981). He served as a National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council postdoctoral associate at NIST, and was later appointed to the staff.