Risk Assessment for Water Infrastructure Safety and Security  book cover
1st Edition

Risk Assessment for Water Infrastructure Safety and Security

ISBN 9781439853412
Published August 17, 2011 by CRC Press
432 Pages 94 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

One of the seventeen critical infrastructures vital to the security of the United States, the water supply system remains largely unprotected from the threat of terrorism, including possible revenge by Al Qaeda over the killing of Osama Bin Laden. Recognizing and identifying prospective events of terrorism against the water infrastructure is critical to the protection of the nation, as the consequences triggered by a terrorist attack on the water supply would be devastating. Risk Assessment for Water Infrastructure: Safety and Security provides a unique quantitative risk assessment methodology for protection and security against terrorist contamination, vandalism, attacks against dams, and other threats to water supply systems.

Focusing on the human safety, environmental, and economic consequences triggered by potential terrorist attacks and other threats, the book presents:

  • The development of an integrated approach of risk assessment based upon the cumulative prospect theory
  • The qualitative/quantitative processes and models for security and safe facility operations as required by EPA, DHS, and other governmental and regulatory agencies
  • The application of an integrated model to the risk assessment of surface water, dams, wells, wastewater treatment facilities, reservoirs, and aqueducts of large urban regions
  • The development of intelligence analysis incorporating risk assessment for terrorism prevention

Finally, the book presents the legal and regulatory requirements and policy related to the protection and security of water infrastructure from terrorism and natural hazards to both human health and the environment. By analyzing potential terrorist risks against the water supply, strategic improvements in U.S. water infrastructure security may be achieved, including changes in policy, incorporation of intrusion detection technology, increased surveillance, and increased intelligence.

More information can be found on the author's website.

Table of Contents

Acts of Terrorism and the Biological, Chemical, and Radiological Weapons Used against Water Infrastructure
Characterization of Terrorism
Chemical Terrorism Acts
Potential Hazards of the Chemical Threats
Potential Reduction Approach for Chemical Threats
Biological Threats
Radiological Threats
Prescription Drugs (Pharmaceuticals), Personal Care Products, and
Endocrine Disrupting Compounds in the Water System
Illustrative Example for Quantifying the Chemical Threats to
Yield Mass Casualties and Acute Injuries
Explosives Used Against Water Infrastructure
Characterization of Explosive Materials
Components and Applications of Explosive Materials
Hazards of Explosives
The Challenge of Improvised Explosive Device in the United States
Water Infrastructure
Acts of Terrorism against Water Infrastructure
Groundwater Resources
Surface Water
Desalination Treatment Facilities
Water Tanks
Municipal Water Treatment Plants
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants
Regulatory Policies for the Protection of Water Infrastructure
US Regulatory Policies for Groundwater and Water Supply
System Protection
Funding for Protection Research
Enforcement of Regulations
Agencies Involved in Protection Policies
Code of Federal Regulations Dams, Reservoirs, and Aqueducts
Funding for Protection Research Related to Dams,
Reservoirs, and Aqueducts
Agencies and Programs Involved in the Protection Policies for
Dams, Reservoirs, and Aqueducts
Introduction to Risk and Vulnerability Assessment
Standard Risk and Vulnerability Strategies and Models
Historical Perspective of Prospect Theory
The Cumulative Prospect Theory
Advances in Prospect Theory
A Need of Risk-Acceptability Analysis
Standard Risk and Vulnerability Assessment
Standard Homeland Security Risk Assessment and RAMCAP Plus Processes
CARVER + Shock
Model-Based Vulnerability Analysis
Vulnerability Self-Assessment Tool
Security Vulnerability Self-Assessment Guide for Small
Drinking Water System
Automated Security Survey and Evaluation Tool (ASSET)
Security Vulnerability Assessment
Requirement of Incremental Risk Acceptability Analysis
Quantitative Risk Estimation Model
Elements of Risk Assessment
Risk Estimated by Event Tree Analysis
Estimation of Risk and Risk Factors
Fault Tree Analysis
Cumulative Prospect Theory and Risk Acceptability
Public Perception of Risk
Strategic Determination of Risk Acceptability
Quantitative Revealed Societal Preference Method
Establishing the Risk Referent
Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Preventive Measures
National Response Framework
Emergency Preparedness
Baseline Priorities
Activate and Deploy Resources
Proactive Response to Catastrophic Incidents
Preventive Measures
Strategic Intelligence Analysis for Water Infrastructure Terrorism Prevention
Intelligence Analysis
Traditional Intelligence Cycle
Quantitative Risk Estimation Model to Aid Intelligence Analysis
Event Tree Analysis Model
Perspectives of Risk Acceptability in Strategic Intelligence Analysis

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Anna M. Doro-on is an engineer with over 12 years professional experience in design, construction, and utility infrastructure projects. She specializes in the development and application of innovative environmental remediation technologies; civil, environmental, and water resources engineering; water and wastewater infrastructure design and rehabilitation; risk assessment and management for critical infrastructure with focus on terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, and public health protection; reduction of contamination to water resources and the environment; quantitative risk assessment for catastrophic event prevention; technology development; and project inspections and monitoring. She holds M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Civil Engineering and Environmental Science & Engineering respectively, both from The University of Texas at San Antonio.