1st Edition

Risk Assessment for Water Infrastructure Safety and Security

By Anna Doro-on Copyright 2012
    431 Pages 94 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    432 Pages 94 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    One of the seventeen critical infrastructures vital to the security of the United States, the water supply system remains largely unprotected from the threat of terrorism, including possible revenge by Al Qaeda over the killing of Osama Bin Laden. Recognizing and identifying prospective events of terrorism against the water infrastructure is critical to the protection of the nation, as the consequences triggered by a terrorist attack on the water supply would be devastating. Risk Assessment for Water Infrastructure: Safety and Security provides a unique quantitative risk assessment methodology for protection and security against terrorist contamination, vandalism, attacks against dams, and other threats to water supply systems.

    Focusing on the human safety, environmental, and economic consequences triggered by potential terrorist attacks and other threats, the book presents:

    • The development of an integrated approach of risk assessment based upon the cumulative prospect theory
    • The qualitative/quantitative processes and models for security and safe facility operations as required by EPA, DHS, and other governmental and regulatory agencies
    • The application of an integrated model to the risk assessment of surface water, dams, wells, wastewater treatment facilities, reservoirs, and aqueducts of large urban regions
    • The development of intelligence analysis incorporating risk assessment for terrorism prevention

    Finally, the book presents the legal and regulatory requirements and policy related to the protection and security of water infrastructure from terrorism and natural hazards to both human health and the environment. By analyzing potential terrorist risks against the water supply, strategic improvements in U.S. water infrastructure security may be achieved, including changes in policy, incorporation of intrusion detection technology, increased surveillance, and increased intelligence.

    More information can be found on the author's website.

    Acts of Terrorism and the Biological, Chemical, and Radiological Weapons Used against Water Infrastructure
    Characterization of Terrorism
    Chemical Terrorism Acts
    Potential Hazards of the Chemical Threats
    Potential Reduction Approach for Chemical Threats
    Biological Threats
    Radiological Threats
    Prescription Drugs (Pharmaceuticals), Personal Care Products, and
    Endocrine Disrupting Compounds in the Water System
    Illustrative Example for Quantifying the Chemical Threats to
    Yield Mass Casualties and Acute Injuries
    Explosives Used Against Water Infrastructure
    Characterization of Explosive Materials
    Components and Applications of Explosive Materials
    Hazards of Explosives
    The Challenge of Improvised Explosive Device in the United States
    Water Infrastructure
    Acts of Terrorism against Water Infrastructure
    Groundwater Resources
    Surface Water
    Desalination Treatment Facilities
    Water Tanks
    Municipal Water Treatment Plants
    Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants
    Regulatory Policies for the Protection of Water Infrastructure
    US Regulatory Policies for Groundwater and Water Supply
    System Protection
    Funding for Protection Research
    Enforcement of Regulations
    Agencies Involved in Protection Policies
    Code of Federal Regulations Dams, Reservoirs, and Aqueducts
    Funding for Protection Research Related to Dams,
    Reservoirs, and Aqueducts
    Agencies and Programs Involved in the Protection Policies for
    Dams, Reservoirs, and Aqueducts
    Introduction to Risk and Vulnerability Assessment
    Standard Risk and Vulnerability Strategies and Models
    Historical Perspective of Prospect Theory
    The Cumulative Prospect Theory
    Advances in Prospect Theory
    A Need of Risk-Acceptability Analysis
    Standard Risk and Vulnerability Assessment
    Standard Homeland Security Risk Assessment and RAMCAP Plus Processes
    CARVER Matrix
    CARVER + Shock
    Model-Based Vulnerability Analysis
    Vulnerability Self-Assessment Tool
    Security Vulnerability Self-Assessment Guide for Small
    Drinking Water System
    Automated Security Survey and Evaluation Tool (ASSET)
    Security Vulnerability Assessment
    Requirement of Incremental Risk Acceptability Analysis
    Quantitative Risk Estimation Model
    Elements of Risk Assessment
    Risk Estimated by Event Tree Analysis
    Estimation of Risk and Risk Factors
    Fault Tree Analysis
    Cumulative Prospect Theory and Risk Acceptability
    Public Perception of Risk
    Strategic Determination of Risk Acceptability
    Quantitative Revealed Societal Preference Method
    Establishing the Risk Referent
    Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Preventive Measures
    National Response Framework
    Emergency Preparedness
    Baseline Priorities
    Activate and Deploy Resources
    Proactive Response to Catastrophic Incidents
    Preventive Measures
    Strategic Intelligence Analysis for Water Infrastructure Terrorism Prevention
    Intelligence Analysis
    Traditional Intelligence Cycle
    Quantitative Risk Estimation Model to Aid Intelligence Analysis
    Event Tree Analysis Model
    Perspectives of Risk Acceptability in Strategic Intelligence Analysis


    Anna M. Doro-on is an engineer with over 12 years professional experience in design, construction, and utility infrastructure projects. She specializes in the development and application of innovative environmental remediation technologies; civil, environmental, and water resources engineering; water and wastewater infrastructure design and rehabilitation; risk assessment and management for critical infrastructure with focus on terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, and public health protection; reduction of contamination to water resources and the environment; quantitative risk assessment for catastrophic event prevention; technology development; and project inspections and monitoring. She holds M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Civil Engineering and Environmental Science & Engineering respectively, both from The University of Texas at San Antonio.