Risk Assessment for Water Infrastructure Safety and Security: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Risk Assessment for Water Infrastructure Safety and Security

1st Edition

By Anna Doro-on

CRC Press

398 pages | 94 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2011-08-17
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One of the seventeen critical infrastructures vital to the security of the United States, the water supply system remains largely unprotected from the threat of terrorism, including possible revenge by Al Qaeda over the killing of Osama Bin Laden. Recognizing and identifying prospective events of terrorism against the water infrastructure is critical to the protection of the nation, as the consequences triggered by a terrorist attack on the water supply would be devastating. Risk Assessment for Water Infrastructure: Safety and Security provides a unique quantitative risk assessment methodology for protection and security against terrorist contamination, vandalism, attacks against dams, and other threats to water supply systems.

Focusing on the human safety, environmental, and economic consequences triggered by potential terrorist attacks and other threats, the book presents:

  • The development of an integrated approach of risk assessment based upon the cumulative prospect theory
  • The qualitative/quantitative processes and models for security and safe facility operations as required by EPA, DHS, and other governmental and regulatory agencies
  • The application of an integrated model to the risk assessment of surface water, dams, wells, wastewater treatment facilities, reservoirs, and aqueducts of large urban regions
  • The development of intelligence analysis incorporating risk assessment for terrorism prevention

Finally, the book presents the legal and regulatory requirements and policy related to the protection and security of water infrastructure from terrorism and natural hazards to both human health and the environment. By analyzing potential terrorist risks against the water supply, strategic improvements in U.S. water infrastructure security may be achieved, including changes in policy, incorporation of intrusion detection technology, increased surveillance, and increased intelligence.

More information can be found on the author's website.

Table of Contents





Acts of Terrorism and the Biological, Chemical, and Radiological Weapons Used against Water Infrastructure


Characterization of Terrorism

Chemical Terrorism Acts

Potential Hazards of the Chemical Threats

Potential Reduction Approach for Chemical Threats

Biological Threats

Radiological Threats

Prescription Drugs (Pharmaceuticals), Personal Care Products, and

Endocrine Disrupting Compounds in the Water System

Illustrative Example for Quantifying the Chemical Threats to

Yield Mass Casualties and Acute Injuries

Explosives Used Against Water Infrastructure


Characterization of Explosive Materials

Components and Applications of Explosive Materials

Hazards of Explosives

The Challenge of Improvised Explosive Device in the United States

Water Infrastructure


Acts of Terrorism against Water Infrastructure

Groundwater Resources

Surface Water

Desalination Treatment Facilities

Water Tanks




Municipal Water Treatment Plants

Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants


Regulatory Policies for the Protection of Water Infrastructure

US Regulatory Policies for Groundwater and Water Supply

System Protection

Funding for Protection Research

Enforcement of Regulations

Agencies Involved in Protection Policies

Code of Federal Regulations Dams, Reservoirs, and Aqueducts

Funding for Protection Research Related to Dams,

Reservoirs, and Aqueducts

Agencies and Programs Involved in the Protection Policies for

Dams, Reservoirs, and Aqueducts

Introduction to Risk and Vulnerability Assessment


Standard Risk and Vulnerability Strategies and Models

Historical Perspective of Prospect Theory

The Cumulative Prospect Theory

Advances in Prospect Theory

A Need of Risk-Acceptability Analysis

Standard Risk and Vulnerability Assessment


Standard Homeland Security Risk Assessment and RAMCAP Plus Processes


CARVER + Shock

Model-Based Vulnerability Analysis

Vulnerability Self-Assessment Tool

Security Vulnerability Self-Assessment Guide for Small

Drinking Water System

Automated Security Survey and Evaluation Tool (ASSET)

Security Vulnerability Assessment

Requirement of Incremental Risk Acceptability Analysis

Quantitative Risk Estimation Model

Elements of Risk Assessment

Risk Estimated by Event Tree Analysis

Estimation of Risk and Risk Factors

Fault Tree Analysis

Cumulative Prospect Theory and Risk Acceptability


Public Perception of Risk

Strategic Determination of Risk Acceptability

Quantitative Revealed Societal Preference Method

Establishing the Risk Referent


Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Preventive Measures


National Response Framework

Emergency Preparedness


Baseline Priorities

Activate and Deploy Resources

Proactive Response to Catastrophic Incidents


Preventive Measures

Strategic Intelligence Analysis for Water Infrastructure Terrorism Prevention


Intelligence Analysis

Traditional Intelligence Cycle

Quantitative Risk Estimation Model to Aid Intelligence Analysis

Event Tree Analysis Model

Perspectives of Risk Acceptability in Strategic Intelligence Analysis



About the Author

Anna M. Doro-on is an engineer with over 12 years professional experience in design, construction, and utility infrastructure projects. She specializes in the development and application of innovative environmental remediation technologies; civil, environmental, and water resources engineering; water and wastewater infrastructure design and rehabilitation; risk assessment and management for critical infrastructure with focus on terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, and public health protection; reduction of contamination to water resources and the environment; quantitative risk assessment for catastrophic event prevention; technology development; and project inspections and monitoring. She holds M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Civil Engineering and Environmental Science & Engineering respectively, both from The University of Texas at San Antonio.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Freedom & Security / International Security
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Policy / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply