Risk communication is crucial to building community resilience and reducing risk from extreme events.
True community resilience involves accurate and timely dissemination of risk information to stakeholders. This book examines the policy and science of risk communication in the digital era. Themes include public awareness of risk and public participation in risk communication and resilience building. The first half of the book focuses on conceptual frameworks, components, and the role of citizens in risk communication. The second half examines the role of risk communication in resilience building and provides an overview of some of its challenges in the era of social media. This book looks at the effectiveness of risk communication in socially and culturally diverse communities in the developed and developing world.
The interdisciplinary approach bridges academic research and applied policy action. Contributions from Latin America and Asia provide insight into global risk communication at a time when digital technologies have rapidly transformed conventional communication approaches. This book will be of critical interest to policy makers, academicians, and researchers, and will be a valuable reference source for university courses that focus on emergency management, risk communication, and resilience.
Table of Contents
Part 1 Risk Communication in the Digital Era
1. Text-To-Action: Understanding the Interaction between Accessibility of Wireless Emergency Alerts and Behavioral Response
DeeDee Bennett and Salimah LaForce
2. Bounded Rationality and Federal Disaster Recovery Information: Understanding Why Access to Information Matters
Jason D. Rivera
3. Public Expectations of and Responses to WEA Message Content
Bandana Kar, David M. Cochran, Jr., Joslyn Zale, Nicole E. Callais, and Xiaohui Liu
Part 2 Citizen Participation in Risk Communication and Resilience
4. River of Difference: Using Participatory Risk Mapping to Assess Perceived Risks in Laredo Texas, U.S.A. and Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Mexico
Andrew M. Hilburn and Thomas T. Zawisza
5. Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPCs): 30 Years as Cross-Sector Forums for Community Risk Communication
Ava M. Christie
6. Harnessing the Power of Social Media for Disaster Risk Reduction and the Mitigation Planning Process
Suzanne L. Frew
7. Promoting Public Involvement in Disaster Risk Communication in Nigeria
Part 3 Role of Risk Communication in Resilience
8. Earthquake Early Warning Systems: International Experience
Frances L. Edwards, Daniel C. Goodrich, Margaret Hellweg, and Jennifer A. Strauss
9. The Role of Social Media in Enhancing Risk Communication and Promoting Community Resilience in the Midst of a Disaster
Kathryn E. Anthony, Steven J. Venette, Andrew S. Pyle, Brandon C. Boatwright, and Carrie E. Reif-Stice
10. The Ports Resilience Index: A Participatory Approach to Building Resilience
Lauren L. Morris and Tracie Sempier
11. Advancing Resilience Post-disaster: Improving Designer-User Communication in the Post-Lushan Earthquake Reconstruction and Recovery
Part 4 Challenges and Future Direction of Risk Communication
12. A Case Study of Climate Change, Extreme Weather Events, and Risk Communication in a Coastal Community
Christopher A. Craig, Elizabeth L. Petrun Sayers, and Song Feng
13. Waves of Change: Coastal Hazards, Tourism Development, and Risk Communication along the Pacific Coast of Nicaragua
Matthew L. Fahrenbruch
14. Risk and Crisis Communication in Schools: Understanding Current Challenges and Opportunities
Tyler G. Page, Brooke Fisher Liu, Holly Ann Roberts, and Michael Egnoto
15. The Use of Social Media in Crisis Communication
Bandana Kar is a Research Scientist in the National Security Emerging Technologies Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.
David M. Cochran, Jr. is a Professor of Geography in the School of Biological, Environmental and Earth Sciences at the University of Southern Mississippi in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, USA.