Concerned with the need to reduce chemical risks, this text also covers related biological and physical risks. Risk reduction has an important economic role, not least in developing countries. Many of the contributors are from develping countries and indicate the problems and some of the solutions their countries will need to adopt during their process of reconstruction, development and recovery. The text discusses the decision-making process involving the political, socioeconomic, engineering, and natural sciences so as to develop, analyze and compare regulatory options. It considers how such measured decision making enables the selection of optimal responses to achieve safety from perceived hazards.
International overview: risk reduction of environmental pollution and water resources problems for sustainable development; risk reduction through cleaner industriaL production; risk reduction: a comparison of the problem of toxics wastes in development and developing countries; factors to be considered for accomplishing risk reduction; economics and the environment; quality aspects in Lithuania. UNCOTOP agenda 21 and into 21st century: UNCOTOP and agenda 21 risk reduction strategies; the challenge of chapter 19, agenda 21: the European response; pollutant release and transfer registers: a promising tool to promote risk reduction in developed and industrializing countries; risk reduction in the 21st century. Energy considerations: safety and health hazards associated with energy sources and technology; use of renewable energy: a risk reduction case study. Health considerations: individual susceptibility to inhaled pollutants - identifications, mechanisms and public health policy implications; chemical and biochemical screening tests for identification of high risk groups; risk-source definition of air pollution by dustfall study in the Gulf area: an example from the United Arab Emirates; persistent pesticide pollutants in crop protection; risk reduction aspects of public health and the environment. New approaches: molecular modelling and lipophilicity in research of drugs and chemicals; application of lifecycle analysis techniques for cotton textile products: from the cotton fields to final waste disposal; gas cromatographic identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using retention indices calculated by cubic spline interpolation; toxicity identification evaluation (TIE) with aquatic bottom sediments. Regulatory controls for risk management of chemicals; disclosure of information of health, safety and environmental hazards in the chemical industry; evaluation and control of chemical substances in the European Union.