Rock Dynamics: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Rock Dynamics

1st Edition

By Omer Aydan

CRC Press

462 pages

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Hardback: 9781138032286
pub: 2017-05-23
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315391304
pub: 2017-05-30
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Rock dynamics has become one of the most important topics in the field of rock mechanics and rock engineering. The spectrum of rock dynamics is very wide and it includes the failure of rocks, rock masses and rock engineering structures such as rockbursting, spalling, popping, collapse, toppling, sliding, blasting, non-destructive testing, geophysical explorations, science and engineering of rocks and impacts. The book specifically covers fundamentals of rock dynamics, constitutive models, numerical analysis techniques, dynamic testing procedures, the multi-parameter responses and motions of rocks during fracturing or slippage in laboratory experiments, earthquakes and their strong motion characteristics and their effect on various rock structures such as foundations, underground structures, slopes, dynamic simulation of loading and excavation, blasting and its positive utilization in rock engineering, the phenomenon of rockburst in rock excavations, non-destructive testing of rockbolts and rock anchors and impacts by meteors or projectiles. The main goal of this book is to present a unified and complete treatise on Rock Dynamics and to represent a milestone in advancing the knowledge in this field and in leading to new techniques for experiments, analytical and numerical modelling as well as monitoring of dynamics of rocks and rock engineering structures.


"The publication of this book is timely and welcome by the rock mechanics and rock engineering community.

The book is a good reference book for people involved in rock dynamics and earthquake geotechnical engineering. It will enlarge and deepen their knowledge to develop more efficient techniques in rock dynamics. The book is meant to be a reference book given its continued focus on practical solutions rather than basic fundamentals."

Prof. Giovanni Barla, Vice President of ISRM 1995-1999. Reviewed in the February 2018 issue of the Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering Journal.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction

2 Fundamental equations, constitutive laws and numerical methods

2.1 Fundamental equations

2.2 Constitutive laws for rocks

2.3 Constitutive modeling of discontinuities

2.4 Characterization and constitutive modeling of rock mass

2.5 Numerical methods

3 Tests on dynamic responses of rocks and rock masses

3.1 Dynamic uniaxial compression, Brazilian, triaxial (Hopkinson bar) test

3.2 Cyclic uniaxial compression, triaxial compression and shear tests

3.3 Conclusions

4 Multi-parameter responses and strong motions induced by fracturing of geomaterials and slippage of discontinuities and faulting model tests

4.1 Multi-parameter responses and strong motions induced by fracturing of rocks

4.2 Strong motions induced in stick-slip tests

4.3 Strong motions induced in model faulting experiments

5 Ground motions due to earthquakes and estimation procedures

5.1 Characteristics of earthquake faults

5.2 Observations on strong motions and permanent deformations

5.3 Strong motion estimations

5.4 Estimation of permanent surface deformation

6 Dynamic responses and stability of rock foundations

6.1 Model experiments on foundations

6.2 Observations of damage to foundations by earthquakes

6.3 Analytical and numerical studies on rock foundations

7 Dynamic responses and stability of underground excavations in rock

7.1 Ground motions in underground structures

7.2 Model experiments on shallow underground openings

7.3 Tunnels

7.4 Observations on abandoned mines and quarries

7.5 Underground powerhouses

7.6 Empirical approaches

7.7 Limiting equilibrium methods

7.8 Numerical methods

8 Dynamic responses and stability of rock slopes

8.1 Model tests

8.2 Observations and case histories

8.3 Effects of tsunamis on rock slopes

8.4 Empirical approaches for dynamic slope stability assessment

8.5 Limiting equilibrium approaches

8.6 Numerical methods

8.7 Estimations of post failure motions of slopes

9 Dynamic responses and stability of historical structures and monuments

9.1 Observations

9.2 Model experiments on masonry structures

9.3 Limit equilibrium approaches

9.4 Numerical methods

9.5 Monitoring at Nakagusuku Castle

10 Dynamics of loading and excavation in rocks

10.1 Dynamics of loading

10.2 Dynamics of excavations

11 Blasting

11.1 Background

11.2 Blasting agents

11.3 Measurement of blasting vibrations in open-pit mines and quarries

11.4 Measurements at underground openings

11.5 Multi-parameter monitoring during blasting

11.6 The positive and negative effects of blasting

12 Dynamics of rockburst and possible countermeasures

12.1 Mechanics of rockbursts

12.2 Stress changes in the vicinity of tunnel face

12.3 Examples of rockbursts

12.4 Laboratory tests on rockburst phenomenon

12.5 Prediction of rockburst potential

12.6 Monitoring of rockburst

12.7 Countermeasures against rockburst

12.8 Conclusions

13 Dynamics of rockbolts and rock anchors and their non-destructive testing

13.1 Turbine-induced vibrations in an underground power house

13.2 Dynamic behaviour of rockbolts and rock anchors subjected to shaking

13.3 Non-destructive testing for soundness evaluation

13.4 Estimation of failure time of tendons

13.5 Effect of degradation of support system

13.6 Conclusions

14 Dynamics of Impacts

14.1 Crater formation by meteorites and its environmental effects

14.2 Crater formation by projectiles in rocks

14.3 Monitoring of vibrations caused by meteorites

14.4 Free-fall (drop) experiments

14.5 Impact of slope failures

14.6 Formulation of impactor penetration and its applications

14.7 Water surface changes due to impactors

15 Conclusions

About the Author

Dr. Omer Aydan was born in 1955, and studied Mining Engineering at the Technical University of Istanbul, Turkey (B.Sc., 1979), Rock Mechanics and Excavation Engineering at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK (M.Sc., 1982), and finally received his Ph.D. in Geotechnical Engineering from Nagoya University, Japan in 1989. He worked at Nagoya University as a research associate (1987-1991), and at the Department of Marine Civil Engineering at Tokai University, first as Assistant Professor (1991-1993), then as Associate Professor (1993-2001), and finally as Professor (2001-2010). He then became Professor of the Institute of Oceanic Research and Development at Tokai University, and is currently Professor at the University of Ryukyus, Department of Civil Engineering & Architecture, Nishihara, Okinawa, Japan. Omer has played an active role on numerous ISRM, JSCE, JGS, SRI and Rock Mech. National Group of Japan committees, and has organized several national and international symposia and conferences. He was also made Honorary Professor in Earth Science by Pamukkale University in 2008.

About the Series

ISRM Book Series

The ISRM Book Series comprises significant scientific publications in rock mechanics and related disciplines. The aim of the Series is to promote the scientific output of ISRM (International Society for Rock Mechanics).

The Series will be published on a regular basis, according to the emergence of noteworthy scientific developments. Each volume in the Series is prepared independently and focuses on a topical theme. Volumes are published on an occasional basis, and include high quality scientific contributions that have not been published elsewhere before. Contributions will be rigorously peer-reviewed by experts in the field, ensuring strong scientific standards, and are expected to be leading in rock mechanics and related disciplines. The Series may include edited volumes, textbooks, reference works and books on advanced scientific topics. ISRM members benefit from a 40% discount on ISRM Book Series volume purchases.

- Rock and rock mass characterization
- Field and Laboratory testing methods in rock mechanics and rock engineering
- Crustal stresses and earthquakes
- Rock dynamics
- Rock mechanics modelling
- Rock engineering design of foundations, slopes, open pit and underground excavations, tunnels and caverns, and other types of works
- Coupling thermo-hydro-mechanical-chemical processes in rocks, etc.
- Petroleum Geomechanics
- Preservation of ancient stone monuments

The expected readers of the book are all those involved in rock mechanics and rock engineering activities, in the fields of civil, mining and petroleum engineering, and engineering geology. This includes professionals working in field and laboratory testing, modelling of rock structures, rock engineering design or petroleum geomechanics. The ISRM book series will also be of interest to scientists, researchers and post-graduate students carrying out their investigations in rock mechanics.

The Initial Editorial Board during the establishment of the ISRM Book Series (i.e. the current ISRM Board—which will change for the period 2015–2019):

Prof. Xia-Ting Feng, China
Dr. Eda Freitas de Quadros, Brazil
Mr. Jacques Lucas, South Africa
Dr. Yingxin Zhou, Singapore
Dr. David Beck, Australia
Prof. Frederic Pellet, France
Dr. John Tinucci, USA
Dr. Antonio Samaniego, Peru
Prof. Yuzo Ohnishi, Japan
Prof. Ivan Vrkljan, Croatia
Dr. Manoj Verman, India
Dr. Luís Lamas, Portugal

Learn more…

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