Rock Reinforcement and Rock Support: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Rock Reinforcement and Rock Support

1st Edition

By Ömer Aydan

CRC Press

486 pages

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781138095830
pub: 2018-01-08
SAVE ~$33.00
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315104201
pub: 2018-01-17
from $82.50

FREE Standard Shipping!


The stability of underground and surface geotechnical structures during and after excavation is of great concern as any kind of instability may result in damage to the environment as well as time-consuming high cost repair work. The forms of instability, their mechanisms and the conditions associated with them must be understood so that correct stabilisation of the structure through rock reinforcement and/or rock support can be undertaken.

Rock Reinforcement and Rock Support elucidates the reinforcement functions of rock bolts/rock anchors and support systems consisting of shotcrete, steel ribs and concrete liners and evaluates their reinforcement and supporting effects both qualitatively and quantitatively. It draws on the research activities and practices carried out by the author for more than three decades and has culminated in a most extensive up-to-date and a complete treatise on rock reinforcement and rock support.


"This book offers a wide variety of scholarly and applied approaches that can be used for stabilizing excavations in rock masses underground and surface. The author connects the theory with practice through numerous examples involving numerical modeling, laboratory testing, and in situ experimentations. These examples are mostly based on the author's wide-ranging experience worldwide on the subject. Rich in photographs and illustrations, the book offers educational and practical outcomes that can be used by the educators. The book gives an extensive coverage of the mechanisms involved during the rock mass - support interaction process, which are demonstrated through a wide variety of case histories. Also incorporated in the book are the examples from the rock reinforcement practices presented through detailed sketches and photographs. Researchers and practitioners can benefit from the book too as a valuable supplement to their work through a wide variety of numerical and in situ modeling exercises."

Ugur Ozbay, Professor at the Department of Mining Engineering at the Colorado School of Mines. Reviewed Feb 2018.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction

2 Mechanism of failure in rock engineering structures and its influencing factors

2.1 Rock, discontinuities, and rock mass

2.2 Modes of instability about underground openings

2.3 Modes of instability of slopes

2.4 Modes of instability of foundations

3 Design philosophy of rock support and rock reinforcement

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Empirical design methods

3.3 Analytical approach

3.4 Numerical methods

3.5 Methods for stabilization against local instabilities

3.6 Integrated and unified method of design

3.7 Considerations on the philosophy of support and reinforcement design of rock slopes

3.8 Considerations on philosophy of support design of pylons

3.9 Considerations on the philosophy of foundation design of dams and bridges

4 Rockbolts (rockanchors)

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Rockbolt/rockanchor materials and their mechanical behaviors

4.3 Characteristics and material behavior of bonding annulus

4.4 Axial and shear reinforcement effects of bolts in continuum

4.5 Axial and shear reinforcement effects of bolts in medium with discontinuities

4.6 Estimation of the cyclic yield strength of interfaces for pull-out capacity

4.7 Estimation of the yield strength of interfaces in boreholes

4.8 Pull-out capacity

4.9 Simulation of pull-out tests

4.10 Mesh bolting

5 Support members

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Shotcrete

5.3 Concrete liners

5.4 Steel liners and steel ribs/sets

6 Finite element modeling of reinforcement/support system

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Modeling reinforcement systems: rockbolts

6.3 Finite element modeling of shotcrete

6.4 Finite element modeling of steel ribs/sets or shields

6.5 Finite element analysis of support and reinforcement systems

6.6 Discrete finite element method (DFEM-BOLT) for the analysis of support and reinforcement systems

7 Applications to underground structures

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Analytical approach

7.3 Numerical analyses on the reinforcement and support effects in continuum

7.4 Mesh bolting in compressed air energy storage schemes

7.5 Reinforcement effects of rockbolts in discontinuum

7.6 Support of subsea tunnels

7.7 Reinforcement and support of shafts

7.8 Special form of rock support: backfilling of abandoned room and pillar mines

8 Reinforcement and support of rock slopes

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Reinforcement against planar sliding

8.3 Reinforcement against flexural toppling failure

8.4 Reinforcement against columnar toppling failure

8.5 Reinforcement against combined sliding and shearing

8.6 Physical model tests on the stabilization effect of rockbolts and shotcrete on discontinuous rock slopes using tilting frame apparatus

8.7 Stabilization of slope against buckling failure

9 Foundations

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Foundations under tension

9.3 Foundations under compressions

10 Dynamics of rock reinforcement and rock support

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Dynamic response of point-anchored rockbolt model under impulsive load

10.3 Dynamic response of yielding rockbolts under impulsive load

10.4 Turbine induced vibrations in an underground powerhouse

10.5 Dynamic behavior of rockbolts and rockanchors subjected to shaking

10.6 Planar sliding of rock slope models

10.7 A theoretical approach for evaluating axial forces in rockanchors subjected to shaking and its applications to model tests

10.8 Application of the theoretical approach to rockanchors of an underground powerhouse subjected to turbine-induced shaking

10.9 Model tests on fully grouted rockbolts restraining a potentially unstable rock block against sliding

10.10 Excavations

10.11 Dynamic response of rockbolts and steel ribs during blasting

11 Corrosion, degradation, and nondestructive testing

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Corrosion and its assessment

11.3 Effect of degradation of support system

11.4 Nondestructive testing for soundness evaluation

11.5 Conclusions

12 Conclusions

About the Author

Ömer Aydan was born in 1955, and studied Mining Engineering at the Technical University of Istanbul, Turkey (B.Sc., 1979), Rock Mechanics and Excavation Engineering at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK (M.Sc., 1982), and received his Ph.D. in Geotechnical Engineering from Nagoya University, Japan in 1989.

Prof. Aydan worked at Nagoya University as a research associate (1987-1991), and then at the Department of Marine Civil Engineering at Tokai University, first as Assistant Professor (1991-1993), then as Associate Professor (1993-2001), and finally as Professor (2001-2010). He then became Professor of the Institute of Oceanic Research and Development at Tokai University, and is currently Professor at the University of Ryukyus, Department of Civil Engineering & Architecture, Nishihara, Okinawa, Japan.

Ömer has played an active role on numerous ISRM, JSCE, JGS, SRI and Rock Mech. National Group of Japan committees, and has organized several national and international symposia and conferences.

About the Series

ISRM Book Series

The ISRM Book Series comprises significant scientific publications in rock mechanics and related disciplines. The aim of the Series is to promote the scientific output of ISRM (International Society for Rock Mechanics).

The Series will be published on a regular basis, according to the emergence of noteworthy scientific developments. Each volume in the Series is prepared independently and focuses on a topical theme. Volumes are published on an occasional basis, and include high quality scientific contributions that have not been published elsewhere before. Contributions will be rigorously peer-reviewed by experts in the field, ensuring strong scientific standards, and are expected to be leading in rock mechanics and related disciplines. The Series may include edited volumes, textbooks, reference works and books on advanced scientific topics. ISRM members benefit from a 40% discount on ISRM Book Series volume purchases.

- Rock and rock mass characterization
- Field and Laboratory testing methods in rock mechanics and rock engineering
- Crustal stresses and earthquakes
- Rock dynamics
- Rock mechanics modelling
- Rock engineering design of foundations, slopes, open pit and underground excavations, tunnels and caverns, and other types of works
- Coupling thermo-hydro-mechanical-chemical processes in rocks, etc.
- Petroleum Geomechanics
- Preservation of ancient stone monuments

The expected readers of the book are all those involved in rock mechanics and rock engineering activities, in the fields of civil, mining and petroleum engineering, and engineering geology. This includes professionals working in field and laboratory testing, modelling of rock structures, rock engineering design or petroleum geomechanics. The ISRM book series will also be of interest to scientists, researchers and post-graduate students carrying out their investigations in rock mechanics.

The Initial Editorial Board during the establishment of the ISRM Book Series (i.e. the current ISRM Board—which will change for the period 2015–2019):

Prof. Xia-Ting Feng, China
Dr. Eda Freitas de Quadros, Brazil
Mr. Jacques Lucas, South Africa
Dr. Yingxin Zhou, Singapore
Dr. David Beck, Australia
Prof. Frederic Pellet, France
Dr. John Tinucci, USA
Dr. Antonio Samaniego, Peru
Prof. Yuzo Ohnishi, Japan
Prof. Ivan Vrkljan, Croatia
Dr. Manoj Verman, India
Dr. Luís Lamas, Portugal

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings: