Roman Emperors in Context: Theodosius to Justinian brings together ten articles by renowned historian Brian Croke.
Written separately and over a period of fifteen years, the revised and updated chapters in this volume provide a coherent and substantial story of the change and development in imperial government at the eastern capital of Constantinople between the reigns of Theodosius I (379-95) and Justinian (527-65). Bookended by chapters on the city itself, this book is based on a conviction that the legal and administrative decisions of emperors have an impact on the whole of the political realm. The fifth century, which forms the core of this book, is shown to be essentially Roman in that the significance of aristocracy and dynasty still formed the basic framework for political advancement and the conduct/conflict of political power around a Roman imperial court from one generation to the next. Also highlighted is how power at court was mediated through military generals, including major regional commanders in the Balkans and the East, bishops and bureaucrats. Finally, the book demonstrates how the prolonged absence of male heirs during this period allowed the sisters, daughters, mothers and wives of Roman emperors to become more important and more central to imperial government.
This book is essential reading for scholars and students of Roman and Byzantine history, as well as those interested in political and legal history. (CS1100)
Table of Contents
Introduction: historicising imperial business
1. Reinventing Constantinople: Theodosius I’s imprint on the imperial city
2. Dynasty and aristocracy in the fifth century
3. Dynasty and ethnicity: emperor Leo I and the eclipse of Aspar
4. Leo I and the palace guard
5. The imperial reigns of Leo II
6. Ariadne Augusta: shaping the identity of the early Byzantine empress
7. Justinian under Justin: reconfiguring a reign
8. Justinian, Theodora and the Church of Saints Sergius and Bacchus
9. Justinian the 'sleepless emperor'
10. Justinian’s Constantinople
Brian Croke is an Honorary Associate in Ancient History at the University of Sydney and an Expert Adviser in Education. He has published several monographs and over 100 articles on various aspects of Roman and Byzantine history and modern historiography. His publications include Christian Chronicles and Byzantine History, 5th -6th Centuries (1992), The Chronicle of Marcellinus (1995) and Count Marcellinus (2001).