1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Insect Conservation

    586 Pages 74 Color Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This handbook presents a comprehensive overview of insect conservation and provides practical solutions to counteract insect declines, at a time where insects are facing serious threats across the world from habitat destruction to invasive species and climate change.

    The Routledge Handbook of Insect Conservation consist of six sections, covering all aspects of insect conservation, containing contributions from academics, researchers and practitioners from across the globe. Section I addresses the fundamentals of insect conservation and outlines the reason why insects are important and discusses the greatest drivers of insect decline. The chapters in Section II examine the approaches that can be used for insect conservation globally, such as protected areas and agroecology, while highlighting the importance of insects in the composition and function of ecosystems. The chapters in Section III focus on insect populations in the major biomes around the world, from temperate and tropical forests to savannas and grasslands, with the chapters in Section IV focusing on natural and manmade ecosystems of the world, including mountain, soil, urban, island and agricultural habitats. They discuss the unique pressures and challenges for each biome and ecosystem and offer practical solutions for conserving their insect populations. Section V focuses on the assessment and monitoring of insects for conservation, discussing how we can implement practical monitoring protocols and what options are available. A wide variety of methods and tools are examined, including citizen science, bioindication, the role of taxonomy, drones and eDNA. The book concludes by examining policy and education strategies for insect conservation in Section VI. The chapters discuss key issues around social and policy strategies and conservation legislation for ensuring the long-term protection of insects.

    This book is essential reading for students and scholars of biodiversity conservation and entomology as well as professionals and policymakers involved in conservation looking for real-world solutions to the threats facing insects across the globe.


    Fundamentals of insect conservation

    Section I: Introduction

    Chapter 1     The foundations of insect conservation

    James S. Pryke, Tim R. New, Michael J. Samways, René Gaigher and Pedro Cardoso

    Chapter 2     Philosophy on insect conservation

                           Michael J. Samways, Charl Deacon, Tim Lomas and John P. Simaika

    Chapter 3     The conservation target: global insect biodiversity

                           Tim R. New and Peter H. Adler

    Chapter 4     Insects as functional components of communities and ecosystems

                           Jorge Ari Noriega and Timothy D. Schowalter

    Chapter 5     Conserving insects for the provision of ecosystem services

    Klaus Birkhofer, Mmabaledi Buxton, Lanya Feng, Lavhelesani Simba, Tim Diekötter

    Chapter 6     Global threats to insects

    Pedro Cardoso, Caroline S. Fukushima, Eliza M. Grames, Mackenzie Kwak, Marija Miličić and David Wagner

    Chapter 7     Insect declines, an overview of current knowledge on the status of the world’s insects

    Lynn V. Dicks, Eliza Grames, Diana E. Bowler and Nick J.B. Isaac

    Chapter 8     Pervasive and synergistic effects of climate change

                           Charlotte L. Outhwaite, Rob Cooke, Joseph Millard and Andrew J. Bladon

    Chapter 9     Practical solutions to climate change for insect conservation

                           Andrew J. Bladon, Rob Cooke, Joseph Millard and Charlotte L. Outhwaite



    Approaches to insect conservation

    Section II: Introduction

    Chapter 10   Insect species conservation: planning for action

                           Monika Böhm, Axel Hochkirch, Vicky Wilkins

    Chapter 11   Agroecological farming for insect conservation

                           René Gaigher, Johnnie van den Berg, Péter Batáry and Ingo Grass

    Chapter 12   Protected areas and insect conservation

                           Simone Fattorini, Leonardo Dapporto and Paulo A.V. Borges

    Chapter 13   Connecting landscapes for insect conservation

                           James S. Pryke and Julia van Schalkwyk

    Chapter 14   Interaction networks, their limitations and applicability to insect conservation

    Opeyemi A. Adedoja, Eduardo Soares Calixto, Benoît Geslin, Temitope Kehinde and Rachel E. Mallinger

    Chapter 15   Ecological and habitat restoration for insect conservation

    Elise Buisson, Manon C. M. Hess, Romane Blaya, Tania De Almeida, Natan Huberson, Emile Melloul, Clémentine Mutillod, Léo Rocher, Jean-François Alignan, Thierry Dutoit, Grégory Mahy and Olivier Blight

    Chapter 16   Breeding and relocating insects for conservation

    Paul Pearce-Kelly, Amanda Ferguson, Donald McFarlane, Kate Pearce, Tony Sainsbury, Erin Sullervin and Helen R. Taylor

    Chapter 17   Conservation benefits and threats from insects-as-food

                           Åsa Berggren and Matthew Low



    Biomes of the world: specific pressures and solutions

    Section III: Introduction

    Chapter 18   Insect conservation in boreal and temperate forests

                           Rudi C. Swart, Tim R. New, D. Johan Kotze and Michael J. Samways

    Chapter 19   Insect conservation in tropical forests

    Fabio de Oliveira Roque, Bindiya Rashni, Danilo Bandini Ribeiro, Davidson Gomes Nogueira, Hilda Sakiti-Waqa, Laura Gisloti, Marciel Elio Rodrigues, Marildo da Silva Pedro, Perpetra Akite, Sundar Shunmuga Velayutham and Nigel E. Stork

    Chapter 20   Insect conservation in savannas

    Stefan Hendrik Foord, Colin S. Schoeman, Thinandavha Caswell Munyai and Alan N. Andersen

    Chapter 21 Insect conservation in grasslands

                           Thomas Fartmann

    Chapter 22   Insect conservation in Mediterranean-type shrublands

                           Francois Roets



    Ecosystems of the world: specific pressures and solutions

    Section IV: Introduction

    Chapter 23   Soil ecosystems for insect diversity conservation

                           Charlene Janion-Scheepers

    Chapter 24   Conservation of subterranean insects

                           Stefano Mammola

    Chapter 25   Insect conservation on islands

                           Justin Gerlach, Paulo Borges, Simone Fattorini, Nick Porch and Vicky Wilkins

    Chapter 26   Mountain habitats for insect conservation

                           Tom R. Bishop and Mark P. Robertson

    Chapter 27   Insect conservation in streams and rivers: conservation threats and solutions

                           John P. Simaika and Craig R. Macadam

    Chapter 28   Aquatic macroinvertebrate conservation in lentic systems

    Matthew J. Hill, Charl Deacon, Paul J. Wood, Mélanie Milin, Selam S. Gebreselassie and Christopher Gibbins

    Chapter 29   Urban habitats for insect conservation

                           Thomas Merckx

    Chapter 30   Insect conservation in agricultural landscapes

                           Christine Haaland, Jorge L. León-Cortés and James S. Pryke



    Assessment and monitoring insects for conservation

    Section V: Introduction

    Chapter 31   Assessment and surrogates for insect conservation

                           James S. Pryke, Michael J. Samways, Pedro Cardoso and Charl Deacon

    Chapter 32   Monitoring and bioindication for insect conservation

                           Michael J. Samways, James S. Pryke and Charl Deacon

    Chapter 33   Assessing the Red List Status and Green Status for insect species

                           Axel Hochkirch

    Chapter 34   Citizen science for insect conservation

                           Jorge L. León-Cortés, Jason T. Bried and David B. Roy

    Chapter 35   The role of taxonomy and museums in insect conservation

                           Simon van Noort

    Chapter 36   Drones and satellite mapping for insect conservation

                           Tobias Landmann, Pamela Ochungo and Jan C. Habel

    Chapter 37   Automated visual systems for insect monitoring and conservation

                           Jamie Alison and Toke Thomas Høye

    Chapter 38   Metabarcoding and eDNA for insect conservation

                                         Anandi Bierman and Melissa Lloyd



    Policy and education strategies for insect conservation

    Section VI: Introduction

    Chapter 39   Legal and illegal trade in insects

                           Caroline S. Fukushima

    Chapter 40   Government Policies for Insects conservation legislation

                          Scott Hoffman Black, Sarah Hoyle, Aimee Code and Beth Lauss

    Chapter 41   Insect conservation education and outreach

    Rassim Khelifa, John Simaika, Shantanu Joshi, Sévérin Tchibozo, Federico Lozano, Jenilee Montes, Javier Muzon, Christine L. Goforth, Erin Kinal, Amanda Dillon, Tyler Kelly, Hayat Mahdjoub and Viola Clausnitzer

    Chapter 42   Future perspectives for insect conservation

    James S. Pryke, René Gaigher, Tim R. New, Michael J. Samways and Pedro Cardoso


    James S. Pryke is an Associate Professor of Conservation Ecology and Entomology at Stellenbosch University, South Africa, and is the co-Editor in Chief for the Journal of Insect Conservation.

    Michael J. Samways is a Distinguished Professor in the Department of Conservation Ecology and Entomology at Stellenbosch University, South Africa, Fellow of the Royal Society of South Africa, and Member of the Academy of Science of South Africa. Michael is the recipient of several major awards, including the John Herschel Medal of the Royal Society of South Africa.

    Tim R. New is Emeritus Professor of Zoology at La Trobe University, Australia. He is a past Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Insect Conservation and former Regional Editor of Biological Conservation. Tim is the recipient of several major awards, including the Mackerras and Marks Medals of the Australian Entomological Society.

    Pedro Cardoso is a Researcher at the Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes, University of Lisbon, Portugal. He works in conservation biology and biogeography of invertebrates, particularly from islands and caves. Also, he has a special interest in the development of new methods in statistics and computer science.

    René Gaigher is a Researcher in the Department of Conservation Ecology and Entomology at Stellenbosch University, South Africa. She works primarily with terrestrial arthropods and focuses on ways to mitigate human impacts on arthropods in transformed landscapes.