1st Edition

Routledge Handbook of Sport in China

Edited By Fan Hong, Liu Li Copyright 2023
    516 Pages 27 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This is the first book to offer a comprehensive overview of the history and development of sport from the ancient to the contemporary era in China. It addresses the gap between the vibrant academic scholarship within China and the limited understanding of Chinese sport outside of the country. It opens different perspectives on Chinese sport and addresses a wide range of issues central to the development of sport in the context of Chinese culture, politics, economy, and society. It explores a diverse set of topics including the history of Chinese traditional sport, the rise of modern sport and the Olympic movement, sport and nationhood, sport and politics and international relations, sport and physical education, sport and economy and commerce, sport and social stratification and diversity, and sport leisure and tourism. It offers critical insights into the multifaceted world of China, past and present—a contribution to our collective knowledge and understanding of Chinese sport and society—and is useful reading for students, researchers, and professionals with an interest in the field of China and Chinese sport.

    This Handbook has been contributed to by a team consisting of 88 leading Chinese and Asian experts and scholars with varied backgrounds of studying and working in European, North American, and Australian universities, as well as Western scholars with expertise on China and its sports system and practice. It is composed of ten parts classified by different subjects. It provides a wide lens through which to better contextualise the relationships between China and the world within the global sport community.

    The Routledge Handbook of Sport in China is a vital resource for students and scholars studying the history, politics, sociology, culture and policy of sport in China, as well as sport management, sport history, sport sociology, and sport policy and politics. It is also valuable reading for those who are working in international sport policy making and sport organisations.

    Part I Sports History and Tradition in Ancient China

    Huang Fuhua

    1. The Bodily Practice, Thoughts, and Beliefs in Pre-Qin Period (before 221 B.C.)

    MA Lianzhen

    2. Sport Transformation in Qin and Han Dynasties and Three Kingdoms Period

    Huang Fuhua and Wang Xiaoqi

    3. Sports in the Two Jin and the Southern and Northern Dynasties

    Chen Xinhua

    4. Sport, Physical Activity and Health in Sui, Tang, and Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period (581-979)

    Gong He

    5. Sports Development in Song and Yuan Dynasties (960-1368)

    Liu Xinran

    6. The Transformation of Traditional Sports in the Ming and Qing Dynasties (1368-1840)

    Liu Hui and Qu Yingjie

    Part II The Rise of Modern Sports and Olympics

    Zhang Huijie

    7. The Early Diffusion of Modern Western Sport to China

    Shu Wan

    8. Physical Liberation and Feminism: Women’s Sports in the Republic of China

    Xiong Huan and Li Jiayu

    9. Christianity and the Transformation of Physical Education and Sport in China

    Zhang Huijie

    10. Sporting Events and Competitions in Modern China

    Wang Runbin, Wang Haiyan, and Liu Huaxuan

    11. Going Global: China’s Participation in the Olympics During the Republic of China

    Zhao Guobing

    12. China and the Far Eastern Championship Games

    Wang Yan

    Part III Sports, Politics, Diplomacy, and International Relations

    Zhang Muchun

    13. International Sporting Bids, China, and the Relations with Its Neighbours

    Marcus P. Chu

    14. Sport Diplomacy and International Relations of China

    Ye Wen

    Part IV Sports Policy, Law, and Governance

    Shushu Chen

    15. Professional Football in China: The Past, Present, and Future

    Qi Peng

    16. The Systemic and Political Governance of Chinese Sport

    Xiaoqian Richard Hu and Wu Chuchu

    17. Mass Sports And Its Role In Economic Development

    Xing Xiaoyan

    18. School Sports and University Sports Club Development in China

    Chen Xuedong

    19. Chinese Sports Lottery: Development And Regulations

    Chen Hongping

    20. Sports Law in China

    Li Zhi, Qiao Yijuan and Liu Yongping

    Part V Sports and Physical Education in Schools

    Patrick WC Lau

    21. The Influence of Gender Identities and Development on Sports and Physical Education in China

    Bonnie Pang, Jessica Francombe-Webb, Bryan C. Clift, and Emma Rich

    22. A Comparative Study on the Policies and Practices of Physical Education in Schools at the Compulsory Education Stage Between China and Japan

    Liu Chunyan and Zhang Donghao

    23. Preschool Children’s Sports Policy Development and Health Since the Reform and Opening Up in China

    Patrick WC Lau, Song Huiqi, Li Yin, and Ava Xingmeng Huang

    24. From the ‘Cooperation of Sports and Education’ to the ‘Integration of Sports and Education’: The Road of Training Elite Sport Talents in China

    Guo Zhen, Wang Song, and Chen Yiying

    25. A Critical Assessment of Physical Education Systems in Schools

    Jingxian Cecilia Zhang

    Part VI Sports and Physical Fitness for the Community and Society

    Feng Jing

    26. Sport and Physical Fitness of Senior Citizens

    CAO Siyang

    27. Sport and Social Stratification in Contemporary China: Migrant Workers, Citizenship, and Sport Rights

    Chen Jiaming

    28. Sport Participation of Ethnic Minorities

    Daniel Lemus-Delgado

    29. Sport Policy and Development for the Masses: A Historical Overview

    Feng Jing

    30. China’s Selection System for Disabled Athletes and its Advantages

    Guan Zhixun, Sheng Xinxin, and Wang Jing

    31. Gender Politics and Women’s Sports Participation in the People’s Republic of China

    Xiong Huan

    32. Sports Participation Among Children and Adolescents

    Zhan Enyan

    Part VII Elite Sports Development, Chinese Character, and Nationalism

    Zhang Ling

    33. China at the Asian Games: Progress and Prospects

    Yuan Shuying

    34. Athletes Development in China: The Success and Challenge

    Guan Zhixun, Cheng Xiaoxue, and Sheng Xinxin

    35. Flying the Flag at the Olympics: Representing Nation Through Elite Sports Space

    Zhang Ling

    36. The Commercialisation and Professionalisation of High-Performance Sports

    Jin Hyunju

    37. The Effects of Hosting the Olympic Games in China: From Host and Non-Host Cities’ Perspectives

    Meng Ting

    38. Social Media Marketing in China

    Bo Li and Brody J. Ruihley

    39. The Naturalization of Athletes in Mainland China

    Tobias Ross

    40. Inheritance and Enrichment: The Cultural Heritage of Beijing Olympic Games

    Zhong Yuting

    Part VIII Sports Economy, Commerce, Business, and Management

     Min Ge

    41. Sport Commerce and Event Management in the Global Commodity Chains

    Aurelien Boucher

    42. The Promotion of Rural Revitalization in China through Grassroots Sports Social Organisations

    Chen Congkan,Wang Sibei, and Liang Ming

    43. Sport Economy and Urban Development

    Feng Jing

    44. Leisure Sports in China: Policy and Practice

    Su Xiaoyan, Shi Qing and Liu Yiwei

    45. Generation Z Consumers and New Trends in the Chinese Sports Industry

    Xue Wei

    46. "An Art of Regrets": Creativity and Constraints in Olympic Documentary Making in China

    Liang Limin

    Part IX Sports in Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan

    Guan Zhixun

    47. A Review of Taiwan Sports

    Yang Haichen

    48. Sports and Hong Kong’s Identity in Transition Since 1997 - Sports Played as a Binder or Not?

    Liu Huaxuan and Wang Runbin

    49. The Development of Sport-for-All Culture in Post-Colonial Hong Kong

    Glos Ho and Edmond You

    50. The Development of Sporting Culture in Hong Kong: Hong Kong Gay Games 2023

    Bonnie Pang and Siufung Law

    51. The Collaborative Innovation of Taekwondo Halls in the Cross-Straits Under the Background of Chinese Mainland's Taiwan Policy

    Cheng ChiaChuan and Tu Chuanfei

    52. Olympic Model: Consensus on Cross-Strait Sports Communicate Since the Reform and Opening Up of the People’s Republic of China

    Cheng ChiaChuan and Tu Chuanfei

    53. The Transition of Hong Kong Elite Sports Policy Before and After 1997

    Lau Wing-chung Patrick, Zhen Cheng and Wu Wen

    Part X Research Structure, Funding, and Management: Institutes, Projects,
    Journals, Publications on Sports, PE, and Leisure

    Zhang Jie

    54. A Review of Major Publications on Chinese Sports within Western Scholarship in the 21st Century

    Wang Yongshun and Lin Qisen

    55. Management of Chinese Sports Science Research: Sport Science Institutes, Societies and Organizations

    Ren Huitao, Wei Taisen and Zhao Yao

    56. A Review of Chinese Journals, Conference Proceedings, and Publications in Sports Social Science

    Yang Haichen

    57. A Bibliometric Review on the Publications on Exercise and Sport Science in the Major Chinese Sports-Related Journals in the Last Decade

    Liu Hongyou, Zhong Shisheng and Xu Huahua

    58. Evaluation of Public Finance of Sports Science Research Projects in China——Taking the Sports Project of National Social Science Funds as an Example

    Liu Wei


    Fan Hong is professor in Sport Studies and executive dean of the Institute of Olympic Studies and Research of Shanghai University of Sport, China. She has worked, as a Professor, in De Montford University, University College Cork, University of Western Australia, Bangor University from the 1990s to the 2020s. She was the editor of the International Journal of History of Sport (Asia) and now is the Editor in Chief of the Asian Journal of Sport History and Culture, and editorial board member of several academic journals. Her research interests are in the areas of sports history, gender, policy and organisation, cross cultural studies, and Asian sports history studies.

    Liu Li obtained her PhD at The University of Western Australia in 2016 in Perth, Australia. She studied in University College Cork, Ireland from 2011 to 2014. She is now an associate professor in the School of Sports History and Culture, College of Sports and Physical Education at Anhui Normal University. She is an editorial board member of the Asian Journal of Sport History and Culture. Her main research interests are Chinese history and sports history and culture. She has received funding for Six research projects. Two of them are supported by China’s National Philosophy & Social Science Foundation and the Ministry of Education. She has published two books in English and more than 20 book chapters and refereed journal articles in Chinese and English.