Interest in the special problems of rural areas and concern with rural development in general have increased substantially throughout much of the world in the years since about 1960. Attesting to this has been the dramatic increase in attention to rural problems in the scholarly and popular literature and by government agencies. At first the dominant focus was on development projects and the creation of new jobs. It was not long, however, until other related issues came to the fore, in particular the availability and quality of public services essential to achieve economic growth and improvement and having a direct bearing on the well-being of rural peoples. Most nations of the world have developed plans and launched pro-jects to improve rural public services and narrow urban-rural dif-ferentials in their provision. As one would expect, there have been great differences between nations in the severity of problems, foci of attention, program strategies and their general effectiveness, and degree of commitment and effort. Given this diversity, it seems ap-propriate to examine and compare rural service problems and efforts to ameliorate them in a sample of contrasting societies. Implicit is the conviction that (1) all nations can learn at least something from the experiences of others, and (2) by taking an international, com-parative view of the subject, certain generalizations can be established.
Table of Contents
List of Tables -- List of Figures -- Preface -- PART ONE: INTRODUCTORY OVERVIEW -- 1 BACKGROUND AND SCOPE OF STUDY / Richard E. Lonsdale and Gyorgy Enyedi -- 2 A THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE ON RURAL SERVICE PROVISION: A SYSTEMS APPROACH / Bryan H. Mas sam and Ian Askew -- 3 IDENTIFYING SERVICE PRIORITIES OF RURAL CONSUMERS / Barry Smit and Alun E. Joseph -- PART TWO: THE EXPERIENCES OF ADVANCED CAPITALIST NATIONS -- 4 THE ECONOMICS OF RURAL COMMUNITY SERVICES IN THE UNITED STATES / James R. Nelson, Luther Tweeten, and Gerald Doeksen -- 5 THE UNITED STATES: THE SPECIAL CASE OF ALASKA / Gerald A. McBeath -- 6 THE PROVISION OF ESSENTIAL SERVICES IN RURAL ONTARIO, CANADA / Jackie Wolfe -- 7 SERVICE DECLINE AND POLICY RESPONSE: RURAL BRITAIN IN THE 1980s / Malcolm J. Moseley -- 8 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL PUBLIC SERVICES IN THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY / Peter Graf -- 9 THE SUPPLY OF PUBLIC SERVICES IN FINNISH LAPLAND / Eino Siuruainen -- 10 DELIVERING ESSENTIAL PUBLIC SERVICES IN RURAL ISRAEL / Avinoam Meir -- 11 IMPROVEMENT OF THE LIVING ENVIRONMENT IN RURAL JAPAN / Hiromichi Nagashima -- 12 AUSTRALIA: THE DILEMMA OF SPARSE POPULATION AND HIGH EXPECTATIONS / John H. Holmes -- PART THREE: THE EXPERIENCES OF SOCIALIST NATIONS -- 13 SPATIAL AND STRUCTURAL ASPECTS OF RURAL SERVICE PROVISION IN THE LITHUANIAN S.S.R. / Stasys K. Vaitekunas -- 14 ORGANIZATIONAL TRENDS IN RURAL PUBLIC SERVICE PROVISION IN HUNGARY / Gyorgy Enyedi -- 15 THE PROVISION OF ESSENTIAL SERVICES IN RURAL CHINA / Deborah Davis-Friedmann -- 16 RURAL PUBLIC SERVICES IN SOCIALIST CUBA / Sergio Roca -- PART FOUR: THE EXPERIENCES OF THIRD WORLD NATIONS -- 17 PUBLIC SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS OF MEXICO / Silvana Levi de Lopez -- 18 DELIVERY OF SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS OF HONDURAS: INSTITUTIONS AND PROBLEMS / Neale J. Pearson -- 19 PROVISION OF BASIC NEEDS IN RURAL AREAS OF INDIA / Gopal S. Kulkarni and Prabhakar R. Karmarkar -- 20 RURAL SERVICE DELIVERY IN INDONESIA / Thomas R. Leinbach -- 21 ACCESS TO RURAL SERVICES IN NIGERIA / Michael L. McNulty, M. A. 0. Ayeni, M. 0. Filani, and G. 0. Olaore -- PART FIVE: CONCLUSION -- 22 SUMMARY GENERALIZATIONS ON RURAL PUBLIC SERVICES / Richard E. Lonsdale -- About the Contributors -- Index.