Must rural Americans pay the price of urban progress and modern lifestyles? How will the increased pressures of the 1980s affect those who live and work in rural communities? In addressing these overriding questions the authors of this book take a serious look at such issues as who will operate our farms and how those farms will meet rising demands for food, how higher energy costs will change life in rural areas, the current and future needs of rural families and their communities, who in fact lives in these communities, and what can be done about escalating rural crime and recent social changes that have disrupted the traditional patterns of rural society. Because the United States is an interdependent system of rural and urban, of providers and consumers, these issues are vitally important to all-scholars, policy makers, and citizens alike. The contributors bring us up to date on the contemporary rural scene and offer suggestions for research essential to intelligent decision making about the challenges and problems the 1980s hold in store for rural America.
Also of Interest -- Foreword -- Preface -- Introduction -- Research for the Rural United States -- The Policy Context for Rural-Oriented Research -- Intrusions from the 1970s -- The Reversal of Nonmetropolitan Migration Loss -- Energy -- Appropriate Technology -- The People -- The Rural American People: A Look Backward and Forward -- Persistence of Rural/Urban Differences -- Families in Rural Society -- The Elderly -- Rural Youth and the Labor Force -- Minorities -- Women -- Poverty -- The People's Needs -- Community Services -- Transportation -- Industrialization -- Employment -- Education -- Housing -- Outdoor Recreation -- Health and Medical Care -- Food and Nutrition -- Crime and Its Prevention -- The Community -- Residential Preferences -- Changing Communities -- Community Development -- Needs Assessment Surveys for Decision Makers -- Social Indicators of Well-Being -- Social Impact Assessment -- Agriculture -- The Changing Structure of U.S. Agriculture -- Who Will Speak for Agriculture? -- Who Will Own and Operate America's Farms? -- Structure of Agriculture and Quality of Life in Rural Communities -- Small and Part-Time Farmers -- Natural Resources -- Rural Resources Use and the Environment -- Land Use -- Water -- Forestry -- Fisheries -- The Capacity to Respond -- Institutional and Professional Context for Rural Sociology: Constraints and Opportunities -- Issues for the 1980s -- The Reviewers for Rural Society in the U.S.: Issues for the 1980s