"The UN Decade for Women coincided with an economic crisis in Latin America comparable only to that of the Great Depression. This text synthesizes what has been learned over the past decade with regard to agricultural development for rural women, taking into account the impact of the economic crisis, models of development in the region, and the scope and consequences of ""women in development"" projects and policies. consists of country case studies ranging from the neo-liberal model of Chile to socialist Cuba. Each author reviews the growing literature on women's roles in agricultural development and examines how changes in those roles relate to agricultural development initiatives and the changing role of the agricultural sector in national and international economies. They evaluate national programs established during the decade that were designed to benefit rural women and explore the consequences of ignoring rural women in state development initiatives. contains four comparative analyses. Contributors consider the major state agricultural policy initiatives in Latin America during the past decade-agrarian reform and integrated rural development-as well as the effectiveness of income-generating projects, which were the main initiatives targeted at rural women. The rural-to-urban migration of women is analyzed as the outcome of the lack of attention to their productive roles."
Table of Contents
Introduction -- Models of Development, Agrarian Policy, and the Economic Crisis -- Rural Women and the Neo-Liberal Model in Chile -- Agricultural Development, the Economic Crisis, and Rural Women in the Dominican Republic -- The Social Invisibility of Women's Work in Brazilian Agriculture -- Mexican Agricultural Development Policy and Its Impact on Rural Women -- Colombian Agricultural Policies and the Debate on Policies Toward Rural Women -- Women, Development, and the State in Rural Ecuador -- Impact of the Sandinista Agrarian Reform on Rural Women's Subordination -- Women on the Agenda: The Cooperative Movement in Rural Cuba -- Comparative Perspectives on Development Initiatives -- The Latin American Agrarian Reform Experience -- Women's Components in Integrated Rural Development Projects -- Income Generation Projects for Rural Women -- Rural Women and Migration in Latin America -- Conclusion
Carmen Diana Deere is professor of economics at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Magdalena Le0n is director of research at the Asociacion Colombiana para Estudios de Poblacion (ACEP) in Bogota, Colombia.