This work describes the emergence of the professions in late tsarist Russia and their struggle for autonomy from the aristocratic state. It also examines the ways in which the Russian professions both resembled and differed from their Western counterparts.
Chapter 1 Introduction, Harley D. Balzer; Chapter 2 Reflections on Russian Professions, Kendall E. Bailes; Chapter 3 The Engineering Profession in Tsarist Russia, Harley D. Balzer; Chapter 4 Politics and Medical Professionalization After 1905, John F. Hutchinson; Chapter 5 Professionalism and Politics: The Russian Feldsher Movement, 1891–1918, Samuel C. Ramer; Chapter 6 Professionalization and Radicalization: Russian Psychiatrists Respond to 1905, Julie V. Brown; Chapter 7 Professional Activism and Association Among Russian Teachers, 1864–1905, Scott J. Seregny; Chapter 8 Professionalism Among University Professors, Samuel Kassow; Chapter 9 The Transfer of Legal Technology and Culture: Law Professionals in Tsarist Russia, Brian L. Levin-Stankevich; Chapter 10 The Limits of Professionalization: Russian Governors at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century, Richard G. RobbinsJr.; Chapter 11 Professionalism in the Ministerial Bureaucracy on the Eve of the February Revolution of 1917, Daniel T. Orlovsky; Chapter 12 Conclusion: The Missing Middle Class, Harley D. Balzer;