Safety and Reliability in the Oil and Gas Industry: A Practical Approach, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Safety and Reliability in the Oil and Gas Industry

A Practical Approach, 1st Edition

By B.S. Dhillon

CRC Press

213 pages | 37 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2016-04-19
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Description

An Insightful Guide to Avoiding Offshore Oil- and Gas-Industry Disaster

Designing, constructing, operating, and maintaining offshore oil and gas industry equipment and systems can sometimes result in accidents, injuries, and other serious problems. Safety and Reliability in the Oil and Gas Industry: A Practical Approach focuses on oil and gas industry equipment reliability, offers useful and up-to-date information on the subject,and covers in a single volume the most common safety and reliability engineering issues in the oil and gas industry. The book introduces the latest developments in the area, and provides relevant methods and approaches. It also presents important aspects of various case studies on major accidents in the oil and gas industry, and considers human factors that contribute to accidents and fatalities in the area of oil and gas.

Additionally, this book describes:

  • Mathematical concepts
  • Oil and gas industry equipment reliability characteristics
  • Accident data and analysis
  • Mathematical models used for performing safety and reliability-related analyses in the industry

Safety and Reliability in the Oil and Gas Industry: A Practical Approach covers important aspects of safety in the offshore oil and gas industry. A reference designed with engineering professionals in mind, this book can also be used in oil- and gas-industry-related courses, and serves as a guide for anyone concerned with safety and reliability in the area of oil and gas.

Reviews

"… one of a kind book… The author took meticulous care in translating the most complex and difficult concepts in safety and reliability engineering and provided a simple, easy to use step-by-step approach."

—Dr. Subramanyam Naidu Rayapati, Agile CloudTech, LLC, Austin, Texas, USA

"This book leaves no stone unturned as a reference to the safety engineer/professional working in the field. Many of the sites are referenced, which makes it easy for those who desire more information to find it."

—Paul E. West, Safety Manager/College Professor, Navarro College, Corsicana, Texas, USA

"Assists in developing and designing better engineering systems in the oil and gas industry … Provides case studies of oil tanker spill-related accidents and oil tanker spill analysis … well organized and presented."

—Dr. Kouorush Jenab, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, Florida, USA

"The book covers important issues related to reliability and safety analysis in oil and gas industry. There are many examples, illustrations…and interesting case studies."

—Janusz Sosnowski, Institute of Computer Science, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Table of Contents

Introduction

Background

Oil and Gas Industry Safety and Reliability-Related Facts, Figures, and Examples

Terms and Definitions

Useful Sources for Obtaining Information on Safety and Reliability in the Oil and Gas Industry

Scope of This Book

Problems

References

Basic Mathematical Concepts

Introduction

Boolean Algebra Laws

Probability Definition and Properties

Useful Mathematical Definitions

Probability Distributions

Solving First-Order Linear Differential Equations Using

Laplace Transforms

Problems

References

Safety and Reliability Basics

Introduction

Need for Safety and Safety and Engineers

Safety Management Principles

Product Hazard Classifications and Product Safety Organization Tasks

Common Causes of Work Injuries and Mechanical Injuries

Accident Causation Theories

Occupational Stressors and Human Error Occurrence Reasons

Consequences of Human Error and Human Error Classifications

Bathtub Hazard Rate Curve

General Reliability-Related Formulas

Reliability Networks

Problems

References

Methods for Performing Safety and Reliability Analyses in the Oil and Gas Industry

Introduction

Root Cause Analysis

Hazards and Operability Analysis

Technique of Operations Review

Interface Safety Analysis

Job Safety Analysis

Preliminary Hazard Analysis

Failure Modes and Effect Analysis

Fault Tree Analysis

Markov Method

Problems

References

Safety in Offshore Oil and Gas Industry

Introduction

Offshore Industrial Sector Risk Picture

Offshore Worker Situation Awareness Concept, Studies, and Their Results

Offshore Industry Accident Reporting Approach and Offshore Accident-Related Causes

Offshore Industry Accidents’ Case Studies

Problems

References

Case Studies of Oil Tanker Spill-Related Accidents and Oil Tanker Spill Analysis

Introduction

Case Studies of Oil Tanker Spill-Related Accidents

Tanker Oil Spills Number Analysis

Quantities of Oil Spilt

Oil Spill Causes

Problems

References

Human Factors Contribution to Accidents in the Oil and Gas Industry and Fatalities in the Industry

Introduction

Human Factors That Affect Safety in General

Categorization of Accident-Related Human Factors in the Industrial Sector

Categories of Human Factors Accident Causation in the Oil Industry

Oilfield Fatality Analysis

Recommendations to Reduce Fatal Oil and Gas Industry

Incidents

Problems

References

Case Studies of Maintenance Influence on Major Accidents in Oil and Gas Industry and Safety Instrumented Systems and Their Spurious Activation in Oil and Gas Industry

Introduction

Maintenance Influence on Major Accidents in the Oil and Gas Industry: Case Studies

Safety Instrumented Systems

Spurious Activation of Safety Instrumented Systems

International Electrotechnical Commission and Its Standards: IEC 61511 and IEC 61508

Problems

References

Oil and Gas Industry Accident Data and Accident Data Analysis

Introduction

Offshore Oil and Gas Industry Accident Databases and Accident Data Collection Sources

Onshore and Offshore Oil and Gas Industry Accident Data and Analysis

Offshore Oil and Gas Rigs Accident Analysis

Failures and Lessons Learned from Landmark Offshore Oil and Gas Accidents and Corrective Measures

Problems

References

Oil and Gas Industry Equipment Reliability

Introduction

Mechanical Seals’ Failures

Optical Connector Failures

Corrosion-Related Failures

Oil and Gas Pipeline Fault Tree Analysis

Common Cause Failures Defense Approach for Oil and Gas Industry Safety Instrumented Systems

Fatigue Damage Initiation in Oil and Gas Steel Pipes Assessment

Problems

References

Mathematical Models for Performing Safety and Reliability Analyses in Oil and Gas Industry

Introduction

Model I

Model II

Model III

Model IV

Model V

Model VI

Model VII

Problems

References

Appendix: Bibliography—Literature on Safety and Reliability in the Oil and Gas Industry

About the Author

Dr. B.S. Dhillon is a professor of engineering management in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Ottawa, where he has served as a chairman/director of the mechanical engineering department/engineering management program for over 10 years. He is the founder of the probability distribution named Dhillon distribution/law/model, has published numerous articles, served on the editorial boards of 12 journals, and written 42 books. Professor Dhillon attended the University of Wales where he received a BS in electrical and electronic engineering and an MS in mechanical engineering. He received a Ph.D. in industrial engineering from the University of Windsor.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety
TEC031030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Fossil Fuels