An estimated 1 in 20 patients are admitted to the hospital due to problems with their medication and 1 in 100 hospitalized patients are harmed due to medication errors during their stay. The prescribing of medications is the most common health care intervention and medication safety is relevant to all health care professionals and patients, in all
PROBLEMS IN THE MEDICATION USE PROCESS. Introduction. Prescribing and Monitoring Medication. Dispensing Medication. Administration of Medication. Professional Communication and Medication Safety. APPROACHES TO UNDERSTANDING AND RESOLVING THE PROBLEMS. Introduction. Measuring Medication Errors. Psychological Theories. Educational Theories. A Sociotechnical Perspective of Electronic Prescribing. Systems Perspective and Design. Improvement Science. Safety Culture. PUTTING SOLUTIONS INTO PRACTICE. Introduction. Incident Reporting and Feedback Approaches. Educational Interventions. Communication between Health Care Professionals. Interventions for Safer Work Systems. Electronic Prescribing and Medication Administration Record Systems. Technological Approaches for Medication Administration. Innovations in Dispensing. Patient Involvement in Medication Safety. Conclusion. References.