368 pages | 8 Color Illus. | 128 B/W Illus.
Sandy beaches are the most abundant coastal environment worldwide, and have an undeniable and unique ecological value. Presently, however, these environments are also one of the most endangered ecosystems, namely due to the influence of several human activities and to the rise of the sea level, aggravated by the ongoing global climatic changes. In Sandy Beaches as Endangered Ecosystems, contributing authors from around the world highlight the environmental problems that endanger these delicate systems worldwide, and point out management and conservation strategies, with case studies where environmental disturbances were assessed and monitored.
Introduction: sandy beaches as ecosystems – what do we know?
1. The abiotic environment.
2. Biological communities of the supralittoral and intertidal zones.
3. Biological communities of the surf zone.
Goods and services provided by sandy beaches and their economic relevance.
4. Ecosystem services.
5. Urbanization of the coastal areas.
6. Exploring the Sun and the Sea – touristic and recreational activities.
7. Exploring the biological resources of the beach.
Monitoring and assessment of environmental disturbances in sandy beach habitats.
8. Case studies approaching impacts derived from human activities.
9. Case studies approaching impacts derived from global climatic changes.
10. Case studies approaching impacts derived from other natural events.
Management and conservation strategies – which are the possible solutions?
11. Environmental values of sandy beach ecosystems.
12. Physical metrics.
13. Biological metrics.
14. Ecological metrics.