Science of Diving: Concepts and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Science of Diving

Concepts and Applications, 1st Edition

By Bruce Wienke

CRC Press

440 pages | 3 Color Illus. | 66 B/W Illus.

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Description

While the effects of pressure change are readily quantified in physics, chemistry, and engineering applications, the physiology, medicine, and biology of pressure changes in living systems are much more complicated. This complex science translated to technical diving is discussed in a five-part series, with each topic self-contained and strategically developed in relationship to diving, spanning many disciplines and focusing on a number of technical areas. A suite of application exercises is provided at strategic points in the text. Additional material focusing on diving data, statistical correlations, underwater tests, and risk is included.

Table of Contents

CONVENTIONS AND UNITS

DIVING HISTORY

PART 1: EARTH ATMOSPHERE, TERRASPHERE, AND HYDROSPHERE

Cosmology

Gravitation

Centrifugal And Coriolis Effects

Solar Radiation

Solar Constant

Seasons

Equinoctial Precession And Nutation

Solar System

Atmospheric Gases

Solar System

Atmospheric Temperatures

Global Warming Versus Cooling

Clouds And Lightning

Meteorology

Geosciences

Geology

Plate Tectonics

Oceans And Seawater

Salinity

Ocean Temperatures

Ocean Currents

Zones

Ocean Trenches And Island Arcs

Ocean Ridges

Wave Motion

Fluidization

Seiches

Wind And Waves

Tides

Bores

Tsunamis

Cyclonic Flows And Vorticities

Storm Surges

Prevailing Atmospheric Highs And Lows

El Nino And La Nina

Jet Stream

PART 2: PRESSURE, DENSITY, AND BUBBLES

Atomistics And Elements

Binding

Energy

Pressure

Density

Archimedes Principle

Wetsuits

Fresh And Salt Water

Seed And Bubble Response

Hyperbaric Chambers

Metrology And Calibration

Capillary Gauges

Bourdon And Oil Filled Gauges

Submersible Tank Gauges

Compressibility And Cubical Expansion

Activities Rate

Effective Consumption

High Pressure Cylinders

Regulators And Rebreathers

Steady Flow

General Flow Conservation

Doppler Effect

Moving Bubbles

Operational Diving

Pulmonary And Circulatory Networks

Inherent Unsaturation

Surface Tension

Adsorption

Surfactants

Micronuclei

Free Phases

Nucleation

Cavitation

PART 3: GAS KINETICS AND PHASE TRANSFER

Gas Kinetics

Ideal Gases

Real Gases

Collisional Phenomena

Temperature

First And Second Laws

Dissolved Phase Transfer

Perfusion Controlled Transport

Diffusion Controlled Transport

Free Phase Transfer

Decompression

Critical Tensions

Controlling Tissues

Time Remaining

Saturation Curve And Separated Phase

Critical Phase Volumes

Ascent Staging

Consistent Critical Parameter Sets

Reduced Atmospheric Pressure

Critical Extrapolations

Altitude Procedures And Equivalent Sea Level Depth (ESLD)

Altitude Delay Time

Equivalent Decompression Ratios

Extended Haldane Staging

Hypobaric And Hyperbaric Asymptotics

Barometer Equation

Mixtures

Biological Reactivities

Comparative Properties

Nitrox

Heliox

Trimix

Hydrox

Haldane Decompression Procedures

Equivalent Air Depth (EAD)

Equivalent Mixture Depth (EMD)

Oxygen Rebreathing

Best Breathing Mixture

Gas Mixing

Isobaric Countertransport

Oxygen Dose And Toxicity

PART 4: COMPUTING AND DIVING ALGORITHMS

Computing Advances

Grand

Challenge Applications

Multilevel Dive Profile Analysis

Computational Models And Meters

Model And Table Profile Comparisons

Protocols

Tables

Meters

Model History

Bulk

Diffusion Model

Multitissue Model

Thermodynamic Model

Varying Permeability Model

Reduced Gradient Bubble Model

Tissue Bubble Diffusion Model

Empirical Practices

Phase And Haldane Model Comparisons

RGBM Field Data

Bubble Model Computer Implementation

PART 5: STATISTICS, RISK, COMPARATIVE PROFILES, AND MALADIES Systematics And Issues

Binomial Distribution

Normal Distribution

Poisson Distribution

Probabilistic Decompression

Maximum Likelihood

Saturation Bends Probability

Table And Profile Risks

Data Banks And Model Correlation

Comparative Model Profiles And Risk

Maladies

Bends

High Pressure Nervous Syndrome

Inert Gas Narcosis

Hyperoxia And Hypoxia

Hypercapnia And Hypocapnia

Barotrauma

Altitude Sickness

Pulmonary Edema

Hypothermia And Hyperthermia

Dysbaric Osteonecrosis

Drugs

APPENDIX A: FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS AND RELATIONSHIPS

Matter

Mechanics

Light

Optics

Sound

Heat

Equation of State

Rheology

Deformation

Friction And Tribology

Viscosity

Shocks

Thermometry

Thermodynamics

Phase Transformations

Vapor Pressure

Electrodynamics

Plasmas

Fusion Energy

Stellar Evolution

Elementary Particle Interactions

APPENDIX B: DIVEWARE AND PLANNING

Algorithms

Packages

Samples

REFERENCES

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED061000
MEDICAL / Occupational & Industrial Medicine
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics