Scientists' Impact on Decision-making A Case Study of the China Hi-Tech Research and Development Program
With the increasing influence of science and technology (S&T) on socioeconomic life and public affairs, there has been a growing demand for S&T expertise in today's public decision-making.
The National High Technology Research and Development Program (863 Program), involving hundreds of S&T experts, marked the beginning of a new journey for China's high-tech development. This book discusses China's S&T decision-making mechanism, with the 863 Program as the central case and scientist' influence on public decision-making as the focus. More importantly, it extracts three key elements to analyze the determinative factors behind that influence — knowledge, value and institutions, and proposed a KIV framework of macro-analysis.
The KIV, being the first framework to generalize factors that could affect scientists' influence on public decision-making, is of both theoretical significance and innovative value. In addition, by finding out those factors, this book attempts to create a decision-making environment conducive to scientists' contribution of their knowledge.
List of figures. List of tables. Preface. Acknowledgements. Chapter1 Introduction Chapter 2 Literature Review Chapter 3 KIV Framework for Analyzing Scientists' Decision-making Influence Chapter 4 Mechanism and Participants of the Decision-making of the 863 Program Chapter 5 Empirical Testing of KIV Framework: Based on 863 Program Cases Chapter 6 Theoretical Analysis of KIV Framework: Causes for Changing Influence and Optimization of Decision-making Chapter 7 Conclusion Postscript. Appendix A Interview Outline (template). Appendix B List of Interviewees. Appendix C Framework of Civilian 863 Program Fields (1986-2014). Bibliography. Index
provides a crucial revelation regarding the importance and influence of scientists on policies,
and reminds us that studies on the Chinese decision-making processes should not
merely be restricted to focusing on the state, lobby groups, and civil society groups."
Ban Wang, Stanford University, USA