1st Edition

Scour and Erosion
Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Scour and Erosion, Perth, Australia, 2-4 December 2014

ISBN 9781138027329
Published November 12, 2014 by CRC Press
834 Pages

USD $350.00

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Book Description

The 7th International Conference on Scour and Erosion (ICSE 2014) was organised by the School of Civil, Environmental and Mining Engineering and the Centre for Offshore Foundation Systems at the University of Western Australia under the guidance of the Technical Committee 213 for Scour and Erosion of the International Society of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE). This biennial conference draws together leading academics, scientists and engineers engaged in scour and erosion research to present and exchange their latest scientific findings. These proceedings, together with the six previous proceedings dating from 2002, present a rare collection of technical and scientific developments in scour and erosion research which have been established over the last 12 years.
This book includes state-of-the-art papers in scour and erosion from ICSE 2014, covering the 6 themes of: internal erosion, sediment transport, advanced numerical modelling of scour and erosion, terrestrial scour and erosion, river/bridge scour and erosion, and marine scour and erosion. The proceedings include 5 keynote lectures from world leading researches cutting across the themes of scour and erosion, together with 87 peer-reviewed papers from 19 countries. This book is ideal for researchers and industry working at the forefront of scour and erosion, both with application to rivers and marine operations.

Table of Contents

List of reviewers

Keynote lectures

An overview of piping models
G.J.C.M. Hoffmans

Marine scour: Lessons from Nature’s laboratory
J.M. Harris & R.J.S. Whitehouse

Scour and erosion phenomena occurring in waterways – recent advances
C. Chevalier, C. Pham Van Bang, E. Durand, I. Charles & G. Herrier

Scour at various hydraulic structures: Sluice gates, submerged bridges, low weir
B.W. Melville

A review of recent advances in numerical modelling of local scour problems
B.M. Sumer

Internal erosion

Internal erosion resistance of soils treated with lime: An evolutive benefit
G. Herrier & S. Bonelli

3D character of backward erosion piping: Small-scale experiments
K. Vandenboer, A. Bezuijen & V.M. van Beek

Experimental findings regarding piping failure of embankments
T. Tanaka, S. Nagai, H. Doi & T. Hirose

A case study of piping failure of dams caused by Typhoon No. 15 in 2011 on Awaji Island
T. Tanaka, S. Kusumi, T. Miki, R. Tachimura & K. Inoue

Experimental investigation – influence of the shape of the gradation curve on the soil structure
H. Jentsch, M.R. Saheli Sadaghiani, P.Winkler & K.J.Witt

Influence of sand type on pipe development in small- and medium-scale experiments
V.M. van Beek, K. Vandenboer & A. Bezuijen

Separation of grain size distribution for application of self-filtration criteria in suffusion assessment
H.D. To & A. Scheuermann

How a suspended cut-off wall functions: Effect of soil anisotropy in a levee foundation
D.Y.Wang, X.D. Fu, Y.X. Jie & Q.F. Feng

Suffusion study of coarse soils treated with lime
R. Elandaloussi, A. Bennabi & J.C. Dupla

Effects of internal erosion on undrained responses of soils with different initial fines contents
M. Ouyang, L. Ke & A. Takahashi

Using the ICOLD Bulletin to investigate some internal erosion incidents in embankment dams
R. Bridle

Physical model tests on suffusion-induced change of spatial distribution of fine fraction in embankments
K. Horikoshi & A. Takahashi

Assessment of exit hydraulic gradients at the toe of levees in water drawdown conditions
N.P. López-Acosta, M.A. Sánchez, G. Auvinet & J.-M. Pereira

Micromechanical simulation of hydraulic erosion instabilities
H.M.D. Harshani, S.A. Galindo-Torres & A. Scheuermann

Assessment of suffusion susceptibility of soils from a British dam
A. Benamar & A. Bennabi

Effect of hydraulic load and water chemistry on soil suffusion
A. Benamar

Winnowing at circular piers under currents
B. de Sonneville, R. Joustra & H. Verheij

Systematic methodology for characterization of suffusion sensibility
D. Marot, A. Rochim, H.H. Nguyen, F. Bendahmane & L. Sibille

Characterization of interface erosion sensibility on compacted cohesive soils
D. Marot, H.H. Nguyen, F. Bendahmane, O. Amiri & S. Bonnet

Effect of internal erosion on deformation characteristics in the triaxial compression test
M. Sato & R. Kuwano

Constrictions and filtration of fine particles in numerical granular filters: Influence of the fabric within the material
W. Li, E. Vincens, N. Reboul & B. Chareyre

Development of an experimental research program into backward erosion piping
R.J. Allan, K. Douglas & W.L. Peirson

Evaluation of mechanical properties of sand loosened due to piping
Y. Yang & R. Kuwano

Sediment transport

Effect of sediment supply on suction scour under a rock berm
H. An, L. Cheng, C. Luo, S. Draper, D. White & E. Jas

Direct numerical simulation of particle saltation in the bed-load regime
C. Ji, D. Liu, D. Xu & J.J.R.Williams

River sediment transport monitoring using Time Domain Reflectometry
C.-C. Chung, C.-P. Lin, K.-C. Chang, J.-L. Ma & C.-S. Huang

Large-scale dike breaching experiments at Lillo in Belgium
P. Peeters, G. Zhao, L. De Vos & P.J. Visser

Advanced numerical modelling of scour and erosion

Results of Jet Erosion Tests numerical modelling
F. Mercier, S. Bonelli, P. Philippe, P. Pinettes, F. Golay, F. Anselmet & J.J. Fry

On the numerical modelling of the Hole Erosion Test
F. Mercier, S. Bonelli, P. Philippe, F. Golay, F. Anselmet, P. Pinettes & J.J. Fry

Seabed shear stress amplification around subsea pipelines: Part 1, 2D parametric study with currents
T. Griffiths, F. Zhao, M. Kalkhoven,W. Shen, M. Xu, Z. Zan & J. Leggoe

Shear stress amplification around subsea pipelines: Part 3, 3D study of spanning pipelines
W. Shen, T. Griffiths, Z. Zan & J. Leggoe

Seabed shear stress amplification around subsea pipelines: Part 2, 2D parametric study with waves and combined waves/currents
T. Griffiths, F. Zhao, M. Kalkhoven,W. Shen, M. Xu, Z. Zan & J. Leggoe

Granular packing generation using DEM – Modified Force-Biased-Algorithm
P.Winkler, M.R. Salehi Sadaghiani, H. Jentsch & K.J.Witt

2D numerical modelling of the HET: Hydrodynamic forces on the pipe wall particles
J. Sjah, E. Vincens & J.-C. Marongiu

Analysis of pile scour and associated hydrodynamic forces using proper orthogonal decomposition
N.G. Jacobsen, G. van Velzen & J. Fredsøe

Three dimensional numerical simulations of hydrodynamics and morphodynamics on rapidly varied channel
C.T. Liao, K.C. Yeh, Y.F. Jia & J.J. Liao

Numerical analysis of seepage-induced erosion of soils by solving the Darcy-Brinkman equations
K. Fujisawa, K. Sakai & A. Murakami

Pore-scale study of permeability and tortuosity for flow through particulate media using virtual approach
M. Chekired & R. Roubtsova

Numerical modelling of rock scour: Case study ofWivenhoe Dam (Australia)
E.F.R. Bollaert, C.S. Stratford & E.J. Lesleighter

Local scour around two pipelines in tandem in steady current
M. Zhao, S. Vaidya, K. Kaja & J. Thapa

Large displacements and fluidization of sand due to seepage
J. Grabe & B. Stefanova

Breaching of levees: An erosion model that takes into account the soil tensile strength
Z. Liu, S. Bonelli & F. Mercier

Accumulative damage and dissipated energy during saltation abrasion of soft rock – a micromechanics perspective
K.-W. Li, T.Y.-W. Pan, J.-J. Liao & C.-S. Ku

Terrestrial scour and erosion

Mechanical properties of a cemented silty soil for prevention of erosion of irrigation facilities in Cambodia
S. Pheng & Y. Kohgo

Hydrodynamic erosion in cohesive embankment breach
G. Zhao, P.J. Visser, P. Peeters & J.K. Vrijling

River/bridge scour and erosion

Pressure-flow scour at bridges
B.W. Melville

Time variation of scour depth around complex abutment
R. Mohammadpour, A. Ghani & N.A. Zakaria

Experimental and numerical study on bed deformation with velocity around T spur dike
S.A.S. Mousavi, M.R. Pirestani &A.R. Mehrnahad

3D configuration of backwater upstream of constrictions
S.A. Salamatian, M. Karimaee & S.S. Kalantari

Comparisons of time dependent pier scour models under unsteady flow conditions
J.-H. Hong, Y.-M. Chiew & P.-H. Yeh

Mutual interference of bridge piers placed in staggered arrangement on local scour
B. Mubeen

Effect of sediment concentration on the erosion of weak rocks evaluated by mini jet tests
M.W. Huang, M.H. Cheng, B.Y. Lin, J.J. Liao &Y.W. Pan

Temporal variation of scouring topography around dual bridge piers
M. Selamoglu, A.M. Yanmaz & M. Koken

Laboratory investigation of the extreme shear stress in the scour holes downstream of dual grade-control structures with a PIV system
J.Y. Lu, C.L.Wen & S.Y. Lu

Visualization guided experimental study on closely spaced bridge pier models
R. Malik, S. Ravish & B. Setia

Experimental and numerical investigation of scour phenomena at rectangular bridge abutment
H. Basser, S. Akib, R. Cheraghi, H. Karami, A. Jahangirzadeh, M. Amirmojahedi & S. Naji

A real scale experimental dike in lime-treated soil: Evaluation of the methodology, mechanical and hydraulic performance
I. Charles, G. Herrier, C. Chevalier, E. Durand, D. Puiatti, J.-M. Fleureau, S. Taibi, S. Bonelli & J.-J. Fry

Effect of collar shapes in reduction of local scour around the bridge piers
A. Jahangirzadeh, S. Akib, H. Basser, K. Kimiaei & H. Karami

Erosion and sedimentation near the renovated weir lock complex of Asper in Belgium
K. Verelst,W. Vandenbruwaene, P. Peeters, M. Heredia Gomez & T. De Mulder

Comparison of scour profiles at different cross-sections around a bridge abutment
P.Wu & R. Balachandar

Technical-biological bank protection for navigable waterways on trial
M. Heibaum & P. Fleischer

High performance soft armour erosion control – How is this possible?!
R. Chow

Put on your hip boots: A practical application of partially grouted riprap at Mud Creek Bridge, City of Chico, California
M. McIlroy, D. Kitzmann, C. Avila & C. Davis

Improving public safety by using DamWatch to monitor 11,900 USDA-assisted dams
L.W. Caldwell, J. Scannell & N. Herbert

Marine scour and erosion

Edge scour at scour protections around offshore wind turbine foundations
T.U. Petersen, B.M. Sumer & J. Fredsøe

Optimising scour protection stability at offshore foundations
R.J.S. Whitehouse, A. Brown, S. Audenaert, A. Bolle, P. de Schoesitter, P. Haerens, L. Baelus, P. Troch, L. das Neves, T. Ferradosa & F. Pinto

Pipeline scour and self-burial on a thin veneer of sand overlying rock due to steady currents
S. Draper, L. Cheng,W. Sun, H. An, D. White, F. Bransby, A. Borges-Rodriguez & T. Griffiths

Image-based approach for calculating sediment transport rate and estimating seabed shear stress during scour
S. Draper, L. Cheng, D. White & S. Leckie

Experimental and numerical scour investigation of a backfilled trench
F. Zhao, S. Draper & L. Cheng

Numerical calculation of backfilling of scour holes
B.M. Sumer, C. Baykal, D.R. Fuhrman, N.G. Jacobsen & J. Fredsøe

Erosion of grass covers at transitions and objects on dikes
G.J.C.M. Hoffmans, A. van Hoven, B. Harderman & H.J. Verheij

Tsunami overflow-seepage-coupled centrifuge experiment for the mound scour
S. Sassa, H. Takahashi, Y. Morikawa & D. Takano

Development of a new small jet erodometer to measure erosion under atmospheric and submerged conditions
Y.Watabe, S. Sassa & T. Kaneko

Laboratory investigation of scour development through a spring-neap tidal cycle
K.E. Porter, R.R. Simons & J.M. Harris

Experimental study on onset of Vortex-Induced Vibration of a pipeline near a seabed
Z.P. Zang & F.P. Gao

Local scour and flow characteristics around a vibrating catenary riser
Y.M. Chiew, S.C. Hsieh, P.H. Yeh, Y.M. Low & F.Z. Li

Scour development around the Eastern Scheldt storm surge barrier-field measurements and model predictions
G. van Velzen, T.C. Raaijmakers & G.J.C.M. Hoffmans

Scour prediction in non-uniform soils: Undrained shear strength and erodibility
J.M. Harris & R.J.S. Whitehouse

A seventeen year, near-annual, bathymetric time-series of a marine structure (SS Richard Montgomery)
A.J. Astley, J.K. Dix, C.E. Thompson & F. Sturt

Numerical modeling of the flow and seabed erosion around a pipeline using Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH)
B. Stefanova & J. Grabe

Numerical investigation of wave-induced local scour around a submarine pipeline
L. Lu, M.-M. Liu, B. Teng, G.-Q. Tang & M. Zhao

Scour-inducing flow around gravity anchors astride pipelines in currents
X. Zhao, L. Cheng & M. Zhao

Scour protection for subsea structures
J.E. Godbold & N.L. Sackmann

River/coastal/marine management

Implications of flood event layers in coastal sedimentary environments
R. Azuma, H. Yamazaki, M. Ishida, T. Hiraishi & H. Sekiguchi

Tidal and intra-tidal sand transport processes across a macrotidal intertidal zone, Broome,Western Australia: Implications for measurements of sand transport associated with coastal developments
P. Larcombe, P. Huang, G.M. Pusey & M. O’Leary

An integrated process based coastal erosion hazard model
C.S. Lauchlan Arrowsmith, T.J.Womersley, G. Race & J. Mawer

River scour mitigation for the Sakhalin Island oil and gas pipeline installations, Sakhalin Island, Russian Federation
A.D. MacKay

Hydrological considerations for the proposed Ukhuu Khudag to Gashuun Sukhait Railway, South Gobi desert, Mongolia
A.D. MacKay, N.R.Wightman & T. Ishola


Experimental and numerical study on bed deformation with velocity around T spur dike
S.A.S. Mousavi, M.R. Pirestani & A.R. Mehrnahad

Dynamic scour prediction for offshore monopiles – validation against laboratory and field measurements
T.C. Raaijmakers, G. van Velzen & H.J. Riezebos

Lifelong embedment and spanning of a pipeline on a mobile seabed
S.H.F. Leckie, S. Draper, D.J. White & L. Cheng

Author index

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Liang Cheng.
Liang got his BE from Tsinghua University in 1983 and PhD from Dalian University of Technology, China in 1990. He joined The University of Western Australia (UWA) in 1992 as a Research Associate and has been a Winthrop Professor in Civil Engineering since 2006. Liang’s research areas cover vortex-induced vibrations of offshore structures, sediment transport, flow/structure/seabed interactions and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling of various industrial flows. Liang has published widely (about 200 publications) in his career and has won a number of government and industrial awards for his research contributions to offshore oil and gas industry.

Scott Draper.
Scott has been an Assistant Professor at UWA (funded by the Lloyds Register Foundation) since September 2011. He completed a DPhil (PhD) in Engineering Science at the University of Oxford in 2011 on fluid mechanical aspects of marine renewable energy. Since commencing at UWA Scott has worked as part of a multidisciplinary team on problems of scour and sediment transport with application to stability design of subsea pipelines. Much of this work has been performed through the STABLEpipe Joint Industry Project. Scott has authored around 40 publications.

Hongwei An.
Hongwei got his B.E. from Dalian Ocean University (China) in 2002, M.E. from Dalian University of Technology (China) in 2005 and PhD from The University of Western Australia (UWA) in 2010 and since then Hongwei has been working at UWA as a Research Assistant Professor through the STABLEpipe Joint Industry Project. Hongwei’s research directions include sediment transport, flow/structure/seabed interactions and numerical modelling of flow structure interactions.