Suggesting that events in Poland during 1980–1981 represent the tip of an iceberg, the contributors examine the rise of nationalism in Eastern Europe and its potential consequences for European security. They analyze developing problems and trends in the region, including the cooling of relations between the USSR and individual countries in Eastern Europe, the continuing economic crisis, changing social structures, the influence of the intelligentsia, and the eroding importance of ideology as a key part of Eastern Europe's political culture. The second half of the book focuses on the impact of these shifts on political and military relations between the USSR and Eastern European countries and on the efficient functioning of the Warsaw Pact.
Table of Contents
Preface -- Introduction -- Socioeconomic Developments -- The Soviet Economic Slowdown: How Much Room for Maneuver? -- The Economic Crisis in Eastern Europe -- Gass, Politics, and Economic Stress: Eastern Europe After 1984 -- Ideology, Political Nationalism, and Cultural Developments -- Marxist Thought and the Rise of Nationalism -- Political Nationalism in Contemporary Eastern Europe -- Traitors or Revolutionaries? An Examination of the Role of Culture and the Intellectuals in Communist Eastern Europe -- Nationalism and Multilateral Organizations -- Agencies of the Alliance: Multinational in Form, Bilateral in Content -- Evaluation and Integration of Non-Soviet Warsaw Pact Forces into the Combined Armed Forces -- Warsaw Pact Force Modernization: A Second Look -- Nationalism and Political-Military Developments -- Continuity and Change in Soviet Party-Military Relations -- Poland: Changed Relationship Between the Polish United Workers’ Party and the Polish People’s Army -- Nationalism in the Romanian Military: Ceausescu’s Double-Edged Sword -- Conclusion: Implications for US Security
Jeffrey Simon is a Soviet threat analyst for the Strategic Studies Institute at the US Army War College. His publications include Warsaw Pact Forces: Problems of Command and Control (Westview, 1985) and Cohesion and Dissension in Eastern Europe: Six Crises (1983). Trond Gilberg is associate director of the Slavic and Soviet Language and Area Center of Pennsylvania State University and was a visiting research professor at the US Army War College in 1983–1984. He is the author of Modernization in Romania Since World War II (1975).