Choice Recommended Title, July 2020
Bringing together material scattered across many disciplines, Semiconductor Radiation Detectors provides readers with a consolidated source of information on the properties of a wide range of semiconductors; their growth, characterization and the fabrication of radiation sensors with emphasis on the X- and gamma-ray regimes. It explores the promise and limitations of both the traditional and new generation of semiconductors and discusses where the future in semiconductor development and radiation detection may lie.
The purpose of this book is two-fold; firstly to serve as a text book for those new to the field of semiconductors and radiation detection and measurement, and secondly as a reference book for established researchers working in related disciplines within physics and engineering.
- The only comprehensive book covering this topic
- Fully up-to-date with new developments in the field
- Provides a wide-ranging source of further reference material
Table of Contents
1. Introduction to Radiation and Its Detection: An Historical Perspective
3. Crystal Structure
4. Growth Techniques
5. Contacting Systems
6. Detector Fabrication
7. Detector Characterization
8. Radiation Detection and Measurement
9. Materials Used for General Radiation Detection
10. Current Materials Used for Neutron Detection
11. Performance Limiting Factors
12. Improving Performance
13. Future Directions in Radiation Detection
Appendix A: Supplementary Reference Material and Further Reading List
Appendix B: Table of Physical Constants
Appendix C: Units and Conversions
Appendix D: Periodic Table of the Elements
Appendix E: Properties of the Elements
Appendix F: General Properties of Semiconducting Materials
Appendix G: Radiation Environments
Appendix H: Table of Radioactive Calibration Sources
Dr. Alan Owens holds an undergraduate honours degree in physics and physical electronics and earned his doctorate in astrophysics from the University of Durham, United Kingdom. He spent over 35 years engaged in the design and construction of novel detection systems for X- and gamma-ray astronomy, mostly as a staff physicist at the European Space Agency's European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC) in the Netherlands and presently as a Senior Advisor at the Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics in Prague in the Czech Republic. Dr. Owens has previously authored Compound Semiconductor Radiation Detector (CRC Press, 2012).
He also holds an honorary senior lectureship in space science at the University of Leicester, United Kingdom. Dr. Owens is currently involved in the development and exploitation of new technologies for space applications. Much of this work revolves around compound semiconductors for radiation detection and measurement, which by its very nature involves materials and systems at a low maturity level. Consequently, he has been involved in all aspects of a systematic and long-term program on material assessment, production, processing, detector fabrication and characterization for a large number of compound semiconductors.
"In this work, Owens (Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Czech Republic) offers an up-to-date, encyclopedic assessment of modern radiation detection. Following a succinct historical retelling of the discovery of radiation and radiation detectors in chapter 1, chapters 2 and 3 present an exhaustive review of solid state physics at the upper-division undergraduate level, similar to material encountered in a one-semester course using C. Kittel’s Introduction to Solid State Physics (8th ed., 2005). However, Owens prefers to use the relevant quantum mechanical results (e.g., Bloch functions) rather than their derivations.
The core of this volume discusses in detail the materials, fabrication, and characterization of semiconductor devices, including growth techniques and contact characteristics (electrode deposition), going far beyond the typical silicon and gallium arsenide examples. The final chapter explores the future of detector materials including nanoscintillators and biological detectors, as well as radiation detection using spintronics.
The addition of extensive references after each chapter and a useful set of appendixes (including calibration sources and a handy table of radionuclides) assures that this volume is well suited for senior engineering and physics students and researchers alike.
Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty and professionals.
—J. F. Burkhart, emeritus, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs"