Sensitive Security Information, Certified® (SSI) Body of Knowledge  book cover
1st Edition

Sensitive Security Information, Certified® (SSI) Body of Knowledge

ISBN 9781498752114
Published February 24, 2016 by CRC Press
328 Pages 6 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Sensitive security information (SSI) is a category of sensitive but unclassified information under the United States government's information sharing and control rules. SSI plays a crucial role in all types of security. It is information obtained in the conduct of security activities which, if publicly disclosed, would constitute an unwarranted invasion of privacy, reveal trade secrets, share privileged or confidential information, harm transportation security, or allow hostile elements to avoid security controls.

Divided into seven sections, the Sensitive Security Information Certified® (SSI) Body of Knowledge provides a comprehensive source that helps you prepare for certification in SSI protection. It reviews and discusses relevant topics in

  • The history and definition of SSI
  • Espionage, security breaches, and detection
  • Personal information security
  • Corporate security
  • Government security
  • Legislation and regulations
  • Identity theft

Within the sections, the book covers a wide range of subjects related to aiding protection of SSI, including

  • Good information practices
  • The psychology of spies
  • Methods to detect potential betrayal
  • Methods for handling sensitive information
  • Establishing security plans for sensitive information
  • Monitoring techniques such as the use of closed-circuit video cameras

In a world of ever-changing technology with massive amounts of information available to the public in a matter of seconds, government, businesses, and individuals must take extra precautions in securing their SSI. This book equips you with the essential knowledge to become certified in SSI protection, and will serve as a valuable reference afterward in remaining an effective security professional charged with protecting SSI.

Table of Contents


The History of SSI
The Context of Sensitive Security Information (SSI)
Defining SSI
Securing SSI

Terms and Definitions
Government Information
Public Information
Personal Information
Sensitive but Unclassified (SBU) Information

The Importance of SSI
Dangers to Sensitive Information
Thwarting Economic Espionage
Sensitive Information and Where It Exists
Identifying Computer Vulnerabilities
Domestic Economic Espionage

The History of the SSI Classification System
1951: Executive Order 10290
1953: EO 10501
1966: Freedom of Information Act
1974: The Privacy Act
1977: Presidential Directive (PD/NSC-24)
1985: National Security Decision Directive
1987: Computer Security Act
1992: "CIA Openness"
1995: EO 12958
2002: The Card Memorandum
2003: EO 13292
2005: SBU Information Memorandum


The History of Spies and Espionage
Espionage in Ancient Times
Espionage: Ninth Century AD–Eighteenth Century AD
Pre-20th-Century Events
The Revolutionary War
The 1800s: New Inventions
Civil War Spying
Early 20th Century
World War I: A Proving Ground for Espionage
Spies Helped Allies Win World War II
The Cold War
September 11, 2001, and Its Aftermath
Recent History—More Lapses in Security

Espionage and Psychology
Janet Mielke Schwartz, PhD, DABFE, DACFM, DABPS, FACE, CHS III
Development of the Office of Strategic Services
Mission and Purpose of the OSS
The Making of a World War II Spy
Exploring the Mind of a Spy
Categories of Spies
Indicators of a Growing Problem
Concluding Remarks

Spies and Espionage
Profile of a Spy
A Double Life
Types of Spies

Social Engineering and Countermeasures
Social Engineering

Deception Detection
Establish a Baseline
Common Suspicious Behaviors
Macro and Micro Expressions
Eye-Accessing Cues
Truth Detection Equipment
Your Intuition
Handwriting Analysis


Home Computer Security
E-mail Issues
Website / E-commerce Issues
Social Networking and Cyberstalking
Other Issues

Security while Traveling
Travel Preparations
Importance of Identification
Travel Precautions
Precautions while Staying in a Foreign Country


Securing Business SSI
Corporate Spying
No Business Is Safe
International Organization for Standardization Guidelines
Choosing a Security Company
Responding to a Security Breach
Preventing Physical Theft
Security Breach Notification Laws
Your Opportunity to Comment

ANSI Standards
The ANSI INCITS 359-2004
ANSI INCITS 359-2004 Organization
ANSI INCITS 359-2004 as the RBAC Standard

Corporate National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
The Importance of Using National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Due Care and Due Diligence
Processes and Methodologies
Advantages of Using NIST
Conducting Risk Assessments

Information Storage and Transmission
Cybersecurity Challenges
Protecting Your Most Sensitive Information
Cyber Checklists
Data Storage Tips


The Intelligence Process
Intelligence and Counterintelligence
Military Intelligence

The Law and Homeland Security
Executive Summary
History of Electronic Surveillance and FISA Court
Political Fallout of Electronic Surveillance
Impact of Electronic Surveillance

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Structure
Department Subcomponents and Agencies
Department Components


Government Laws
Economic Espionage Act of 1996

Government and HIPAA
SSI-Related Laws and Terminology
Access to Information
Privacy of Electronic Data and Computers
Privacy Laws
Trade Secrets

National Industrial Security Program (NISP)
NISP Overview
Classified Information
Components of the NISP (DOD)
The FSO and the Industrial Security Representative (IS REP)
Structure of DSS: Industrial Security

Sensitive but Unclassified (SBU) Information Control Procedures
Policies to Control SBU Information
Policies to Protect Specific Types of Sensitive Information Involving Scientific and Technical Applications
SSI Controls: Transportation
Identifying and Handling SSI
Controls on Environmental Impact Information
Controls on Unclassified Biological Research Information
Issues Dealing with Geospatial Information
The DHS’s SBU Directives

Operation Security: A Law Enforcement Concern
The Role of Operational Security
Information Sources for Criminals
Preventing Breach of Security
Developing a Security Plan

Camera Surveillance
Dennis Treece
Setting up Camera Surveillance
Issues to Consider

Eavesdropping Threats and IP Phone Systems
Eavesdropping Threats
IP Phone Systems

Facility Security
Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12
Who Manages the PIV Program?
What Do You Need to Implement PIV-I?
What Do You Need to Prepare for PIV-II?
Integration with Existing Infrastructure


Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act
What Is FACTA?
What Agencies Promulgated the Red Flags Rule?
FACTA Guidance
Penalties for Non-Compliance to Red Flags
Benefits of Complying to Red Flags

Identity Theft Red Flags under FACTA
Red Flags
Identity Theft Defined
Types of Identity Theft

Development and Implementation of a Red Flags Prevention Program
Written Program
Administering the Program
Maintaining an Identity Theft Red Flags Program

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The Center for National Threat Assessment (CNTA) is an intellectual property management group that is responsible for overseeing the certification process of professionals in homeland security, forensics, psychotherapy and integrative medicine. CNTA manages the American Board for Certification in Homeland Security, the American College of Forensic Examiners Institute, the American Psychotherapy Association, and the American Association of Integrative Medicine. Leading professionals from the four associations provide CNTA with a pool of intellectual capital and enhance the field of their respective profession by writing and publishing important articles in four monthly peer-reviewed journals: Inside Homeland Security, The Forensic Examiner, the Annals of American Psychotherapy, and The American Association of Integrative Medicine Journal. The CNTA is responsible for the maintenance and development of over 32 certifications in homeland security, forensics, psychotherapy, and integrative medicine. The CNTA strives for all of its exams and certification processes to be psychometrically valid and meet the American National Standards Institute’s 17024 international standards for personnel certification.