This work offers an accessible discussion of current and emerging separation processes used for waste minimization, showing how the processes work on a day-to-day basis and providing troubleshooting tips for equipment that doesn't function according to design specifications. It describes the fundamentals of over 30 processes, types of equipment available, vendors, and common problems encountered in operations with hazardous waste.
Part 1 Background: Waste Minimization; Basic Principles of Separation Science; Types of Separation Processes Used in Waste Minimization. Part 2 Specific Separations by Mechanical Forces: Separation of Solids; Settling and Flotation Filtration and Drying; Centrifuging and Cycloning. Part 3 Specific Separations by Differential Rates: Chemical Precipitation and Sedimentation; Membrane Processes; Electrostatic Precipitation and Electrochemical Processes. Part 4 Specific Separations Based on Equilibrium: Evaporation and Crystallization; Distillation Absorption, Stripping, and Scrubbing; Adsorption, Ion Exchange, and Reversible Reactions with Solids; Solvent Extraction, Solvent Precipitation, and Leaching.