Shakespeare's Folly: Philosophy, Humanism, Critical Theory (Hardback) book cover

Shakespeare's Folly

Philosophy, Humanism, Critical Theory

By Sam Hall

© 2017 – Routledge

200 pages

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pub: 2016-07-22
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Description

This study contends that folly is of fundamental importance to the implicit philosophical vision of Shakespeare’s drama. The discourse of folly’s wordplay, jubilant ironies, and vertiginous paradoxes furnish Shakespeare with a way of understanding that lays bare the hypocrisies and absurdities of the serious world. Like Erasmus, More, and Montaigne before him, Shakespeare employs folly as a mode of understanding that does not arrogantly insist upon the veracity of its own claims – a fool’s truth, after all, is spoken by a fool. Yet, as this study demonstrates, Shakespearean folly is not the sole preserve of professional jesters and garrulous clowns, for it is also apparent on a thematic, conceptual, and formal level in virtually all of his plays. Examining canonical histories, comedies, and tragedies, this study is the first to either contextualize Shakespearean folly within European humanist thought, or to argue that Shakespeare’s philosophy of folly is part of a subterranean strand of Western philosophy, which itself reflects upon the folly of the wise. This strand runs from the philosopher-fool Socrates through to Montaigne and on to Nietzsche, but finds its most sustained expression in the Critical Theory of the mid to late twentieth-century, when the self-destructive potential latent in rationality became an historical reality. This book makes a substantial contribution to the fields of Shakespeare, Renaissance humanism, Critical Theory, and Literature and Philosophy. It illustrates, moreover, how rediscovering the philosophical potential of folly may enable us to resist the growing dominance of instrumental thought in the cultural sphere.

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgements

A Note on References

Chapter One:

1.1. Introduction

1.2. A Philosophy of Folly?

1.3. Shakespearean Fools

Chapter Two: Humanism and Shakespearean Folly

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Stultitia’s Metamorphosis

2.3. Dialectics and Utopian Enlightenment

2.4. Playing the Fool in Utopia

2.5. Playing and Mocking

2.6. Essaying Folly

2.7. Identity Critique

Chapter Three: Opening the Silenus: The Fool’s Truth

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Theology and the Silenus

3.3. Silenic Style

3.4. The Casket Test

3.5. Self-Serving Mercy

3.6. Epilogue

Chapter Four: Jesting at the Court of History

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Degeneracy

4.3. Deformities

4.4. Echoes of Folly

4.5. Telling the Truth through Lies

4.6. Cretan Historians

4.7. The Use and Abuse of History

Chapter Five: Love’s Fools

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Inhuman Allegories

5.3. Temporality and Allegory

5.4. True, False, Other: The Logic of Folly

5.5. Love’s ‘Strange Capers’

5.6. The World Turned Upside-Down

5.7. Modalities of Melancholy

5.8. What a Fool Honesty is

5.9. Losing Eden

Chapter Six: Folly and Aesthetic Judgement

6.1. Pitiful ambition in the fool

6.2. Your sovereignty of reason

6.3. Here’s fine revolution

6.4. Your fat king and your lean beggar

6.5. Terrible Eloquence

6.6. Reason in Madness

6.7. The excellent foppery of man

6.8. A 0 without a Figure

6.9. This prophecy Merlin shall make

6.10. Let us deal justly

6.11. Thy life’s a miracle

Epilogue: Sapere aude?

About the Author

Sam Gilchrist Hall is a Teacher of English at the British Council, Hungary, and a Visiting Instructor at the University of Debrecen.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Shakespeare

This series is our home for cutting-edge, upper-level scholarly studies and edited collections. Considering Shakespeare alongside topics such as religion, politics, gender, race, ecology, popular culture, and history, titles are characterized by dynamic interventions into established subjects and innovative studies on emerging topics.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LIT000000
LITERARY CRITICISM / General
LIT015000
LITERARY CRITICISM / Shakespeare
LIT019000
LITERARY CRITICISM / Renaissance
PHI037000
PHILOSOPHY / History & Surveys / Renaissance