People have designed cities long before there were urban designers. In Shapers of Urban Form, Peter Larkham and Michael Conzen have commissioned new scholarship on the forces, people, and institutions that have shaped cities from the Middle Ages to the present day.
Larkham and Conzen collect new essays in "urban morphology," the people-centered predecessor to contemporary theories of top-down urban design. Shapers of Urban Form focuses on the social processes that create patterns of urban forms in four discrete periods: Pre-modern, early modern, industrial-era and postmodern development. Featuring studies of English, American, Western and Eastern European, and New Zealand urban history and urban form, this collection is invaluable to scholars of urban design and town planning, as well as urban and economic historians.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents Foreword Ivor Samuels Contributors INTRODUCTION Agents, agency, and urban form: the ‘making’ of urban landscapes Peter J. Larkham and Michael P. Conzen AGENCY IN PRE-MODERN SETTINGS Royal authority and urban formation: King Edward I and the making of his ‘new towns’ Keith D. Lilley Ecclesiastical authorities and the forming of medieval towns Terry R. Slater Urban corporate governance and the shaping of medieval towns Anngret Simms AGENCY IN EARLY MODERN SETTINGS Absolute decisions: court towns fit for a king Katharine Arntz Thomas Imperial officials: reconsidering Haussmann’s role in the transformation of Paris Michaël Darin Colonial regime change and urban transformation: how Russian Novo-Arkhangel’sk became American Sitka Michael P. Conzen AGENCY IN INDUSTRIAL-ERA SETTINGS Squeezing railways into cities: creating variable solutions in Britain and the United States, 1820–1900 Arthur J. Krim Shaping the housing of industrialists and workers: the textile settlements of Księży Młyn (Łódź) and Zyrardów in Poland Marek Koter and Mariusz Kulesza Residential differentiation in nineteenth-century Glasgow: a morphogenetic study of Pollokshields garden suburb Michael Pacione The imprint of the owner-builder on American suburbs Richard S. Harris AGENCY IN LATE MODERN AND POSTMODERN SETTINGS Modernism against history: understanding building typology and urban morphology among Italian architects in the twentieth century Nicola Marzot A new vision: municipal authorities and planners in replanning Britain after the Second World War Peter J. Larkham In search of new syntheses: urban form, late flowering modernism and the making of megastructural Cumbernauld John R. Gold Morphological processes, planning and market realities: reshaping the urban waterfront in Auckland and Wellington Kai Gu‘Birmingham needs you. You need Birmingham’: cities as actors, actors in citie Timothy Hall and Phil Hubbard ENVOI Agents and agency, learning and emergence in the built environment: a theoretical excursion Karl Kropf
Peter J. Larkham has authored more than sixty papers for refereed journals, edited three books for Routledge, and authored Conservation and the City (1996) and edited theme issues of Town Planning Review and Built Environment. He is associate editor of Urban Morphology and has recently served as associate editor of Planning Perspectives. He is professor of planning at Birmingham City University, UK.
Michael P. Conzen is professor of geography at the University of Chicago, USA, where he has taught urban and historical geography since 1976. He is the author and editor of more than a dozen books, including World Patterns of Modern Urban Change (1986), A Scholar’s Guide to Geographical Writing on the American and Canadian Past (1993), Thinking About Urban Form (2004), and The Making of the American Landscape (2nd ed.), 2010).
"The book’s editors have assembled a balanced set of international and interdisciplinary authors, each with a morphological eye to how cities develop spatially. They present original research on agency in urban morphology across a millennium and from a number of unique settings, although the array is decidedly British, European, and US in emphasis. Chapters have a strong geographical and historical bias, understandable given that urban form is constantly evolving, even if it appears static for long periods. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Most levels/libraries." – J. S. Wood, CHOICE, University of Baltimore