Short History W Philosoph: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Short History W Philosoph

1st Edition

By Johannes Hirschberger

Routledge

230 pages

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pub: 2019-09-13
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Description

A study of the historical development of philosophy both requires and stimulates intellectual detachment. The person who limits himself to the present can easily fall a prey to passing fashions; he becomes a slave of the latest -ism. Intellectually rootless and inexperienced, he succombs to something that may exercise considerable attraction at this particular moment, but that soon withers and passes. For example, Ernst Haeckel's theories once exercised an enormous fascination on all sorts of people; they were even hailed as the definitive word in philosophy. Nowadays they are more likely to cause amusement than anything else. The same may be said of Nietzsche's philosophy, or materialism, or vitalism, or idealism.

Table of Contents

PART ONE-THE PHILOSOPHY OF ANTIQUITY -- CHAPTER ONE: THE PRE-SOCRATICS -- l. The Problems of the Pre-Socratics -- 2. The Pre-Socratic Method -- 3. Sophism - Words and Distorted Values -- CHAPTER TWO: ATTIC PHILOSOPHY -- l. Socrates - Knowledge and Value -- 2. Plato - The World of Ideas -- (a) The Doctrine of Ideas - (b) Man- (c) The State - (d) God -- 3. Aristotle - Ideas in the World5 -- (a) The Logician- (b) The Metaphysician- (c) The Ethicist -- CHAPTER THREE: THE PHILOSOPHY OF HELLENISM AND THE ROMAN EMPIRE -- l. The Stoa - Realistic Man -- 2. Epicureanism -An Ancient Philosophy of Life -- 3. Neo-Platonism - Philosophy and Religion -- PART TWO-THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE MIDDLE AGES -- CHAPTER ONE: PATRISTIC PHILOSOPHY -- l. Early Christianity and Ancient Philosophy -- 2. The Main Themes of Patristic Philosophy -- 3. Augustine - Teacher of the West -- (a) Truth- (b) God- (c) Creation - (d) Soul- (e) The Good- (f) The City of God -- 4. Boethius - the Last Romano -- 5. Pseudo-Dionysius - the End of the Patristic Era -- CHAPTER TWO: SCHOLASTIC PHILOSOPHY -- General Remarks on Scholasticism -- I. Early Scholasticism -- I, The Beginnings -- 2. Anselm of Canterbury - Father of Scholasticism -- 3. Peter Abelard - Medieval Subjectivity -- 4. The School of Chartres - Medieval Humanism -- 5. Mysticism -- v -- II. High Scholasticism -- Aristotle, the Universities and the Orders -- 1. Paris in the Early Thirteenth Century -- 2. The School of Oxford- Mathematics and the Natural Sciences -- 3. The Older Franciscan School - Augustinism -- 4- Albert the Great- the Universal Doctor -- 5. Thomas Aquinas - Christian Aristotelianism -- (a) Knowledge- (b) Being- (c) God- (d) Soul-(e) Morality-(£) Law -- and the State -- 6. The Arts Faculties and the Averroists- the other Aristotle -- 7. The Later Franciscan School - a Breakthrough -- 8. Meister Eckhart - Mystic and Schoolman -- (a) The Ontologist- (b) The Theologian - (c) The Teacher -- III. Late Scholasticism -- 1. Ockham and Ockhamism- from Metaphysics to Nominalism -- 2. Nicholas of Cusa - from the Middle Ages to Modern Times -- PART THREE-THE PHILOSOPHY OF MODERN TIMES -- CHAPTER ONE: THE RENAISSANCE -- CHAPTER TWO: THE GREAT SYSTEMS OF THE -- SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES -- I. Rationalism -- 1. Descartes- the Father of Modem Philosophy -- (a) Doubt- (b) Method- (c) God and the External World - (d) Body and Soul -- 2. Spinoza - the Philosophy of Identity -- (a) God-Nature-Substance - (b) Individuality-Freedom-Purpose -- 3. Leibniz - Timeless Philosophy -- (a) The Monads and Being - (b) The Monads and Spirit -- II. Empiricism -- 1. Hobbes-Modern Naturalism -- (a) Things and Thinking- (b) Man-Citizenship-the State -- 2. Locke - 'British Philosophy' -- (a) The Origin and Significance of Knowledge- (b) Practical Philosophy -- 3. Hume - Psychologism and Scepticism -- (a) Human Understanding - (b) Moral Principles -- III. The Enlightenment -- CHAPTER THREE: KANT AND GERMAN IDEALISM -- 1. Kant- Critical Idealism -- (a) The Critique of Pure Reason - (b) The Critique of Practical Reason - -- (c) The Critique of Judgement -- 2. Fichte - Subjective Idealism -- vi -- 3. Schelling- Objective Idealism -- 4. Hegel -Absolute Idealism -- (a) The Basis - (b) Dialectics - (c) Hegel's Philosophical Home - -- (d) After Hegel -- 5. Herbart and Schopenhauer - the End of Idealism -- (a) Herbart - (b) Schopenhauer -- PART FOUR-THE PIULOSOPHY OF THE -- NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES -- CHAPTER ONE: FROM THE NINETEENTH TO -- THE TWENTIETH CENTURY -- 1. Materialism-the Secular Revolution -- (a) The Materialism of the Hegelian Left - (b) Scientific Materialism -- 2. Kierkegaard - Christian Subversion -- 3. Nietzsche - the Revaluation of Value -- (a) The development of Nietzsche's thought - (b) Down with Morality, up with Life - ( c) Germanity and Christianity- (d) Nietzsche in the Twentieth Century -- 4. Phenomenalism and Variants -- (a) French and German Positivism- (b) British and German Empiricism- -- ( c) Neo-Kantianism and Neo-Hegelianism- (d) Pragmatism -- 5. Inductive Metaphysics -- 6. Neo-Aristotelianisln and Neo-Scholasticism -- CHAPTER TWO: TWENTIETH CENTURY -- PHILOSOPHY -- 1. Vitalism -- (a) Bergsonism and Blondelism - (b) Vitalism in Germany- ( c) Naturalistic Vitalism -- 2. Phenomenology -- 3. Ontology and Metaphysics -- (a) Phenomenological Ontology- (b) Critical Realism and Inductive -- Metaphysics - (c) Ideal Realism -- 4. Existentialism Philosophy -- (a) German Existentialism - (b) French Existentialism -- 5. Logical Philosophy Today -- (a) Formal Logic - (b) Logical Positivism -- Index of Names -- Index of Subjects.

About the Author

Johannes Hirschberger

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS000000
HISTORY / General