Short-term and Working Memory Impairments in Aphasia
Data, Models, and their Application to Rehabilitation
Research in language processing and language impairment has focused extensively on elements of linguistic representation that are accessed and retrieved in comprehension, repetition and production of words and sentences. These studies have provided important information about the effects of characteristics of words (e.g., frequency, imageability) and sentences (e.g., syntactic and semantic argument structure) on language processing. A smaller but nonetheless rapidly growing body of research has been directed to understanding those cognitive processes that mediate access, maintenance and retrieval of those representations. The papers in this book focus on theoretical accounts of the role of short-term memory and working memory in language processing as well as clinical applications that reflect a focus on these mechanisms of cognitive support to language processing. Each paper provides a theoretical perspective on or clinical application of the most current empirical evidence regarding the role of cognitive processes in relation to language processing. Also common to each paper is an acknowledgement of the need for additional theoretical and clinical research in this area. Although in its relative infancy, research addressing relations between language and other cognitive processes is integral for advancing our understanding of the dynamic nature of language impairment in aphasia and also for directly informing its treatment.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal Aphasiology.
Table of Contents
1. Short-term/working memory impairments in aphasia: Data, models and their application to aphasia rehabilitation Nadine Martin & Jamie Reilly 2. Conceptualising and measuring working memory and its relationship to aphasia Heather Harris Wright & Fergadotis 3. Slave systems in verbal short term memory David Caplan, Gloria Waters & David Howard 4. Direct and indirect treatment approaches for addressing short-term or working memory deficits in aphasia Laura Murray 5. Brain regions underlying repetition and auditory-verbal short-term memory deficits in aphasia: Evidence from voxel-based lesion symptom mapping Juliana V. Baldo, Shira Katseff & Nina F. Dronkers 6. Dissociating short-term memory and language impairment: The importance of item and serial order information Lucie Attout, Marie-Anne Van der Kaa, Mercédès George & Steve Majerus 7. How does linguistic knowledge contribute to short-term memory? Contrasting effects of impaired semantic knowledge and executive control Paul Hoffman, Elizabeth Jefferies, Sheeba Ehsan, Roy W. Jones & Matthew A. Lambon Ralph 8. Lexicality effects in word and nonword recall of semantic dementia and progressive nonfluent aphasia Jamie Reilly, Joshua Troche , Alison Paris, Hyejin Park, Michelene Kalinyak-Fliszar, Sharon M. Antonucci & Nadine Martin 9. Relations between short-term memory deficits, semantic processing, and executive function Corinne M. Allen, Randi C. Martin & Nadine Martin 10. Effects of working memory load on processing of sounds and meanings of words in aphasia Nadine Martin, Francine P. Kohen, Michelene Kalinyak-Fliszar, Anna Soveri & Matti Laine 11. Does phonological working memory impairment affect sentence comprehension? A study of conduction aphasia Aviah Gvion & Naama Friedmann 12. (Eye) tracking short-term memory over time Costanza Papagno, Emanuela Bricolo, Davide Paggio, Roberta Daini & C. Cecchetto 13. Validity of an eye-tracking method to index working memory in people with and without aphasia Maria V. Ivanonva and Brooke Hallowell 14. Phonological short term memory in conduction aphasia Aviah Gvion & Naama Friedmann
Nadine Martin is Professor of Communication Sciences and Disorders at Temple University, USA.
Jamie Reilly is Assistant Professor in Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences at the University of Florida, USA.