Silicon Earth: Introduction to Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Silicon Earth

Introduction to Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

By John D. Cressler

CRC Press

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Description

We are in the center of the most life-changing technological revolution the Earth has ever known. In little more than 65 years, an eye-blink in human history, a single technological invention has launched the proverbial thousand ships, producing the most sweeping and pervasive set of changes ever to wash over humankind; changes that are reshaping the very core of human existence, on a global scale, at a relentlessly accelerating pace. And we are just at the very beginning.

Silicon Earth: Introduction to Microelectronics and Nanotechnology introduces readers with little or no technical background to the marvels of microelectronics and nanotechnology, using straightforward language, an intuitive approach, minimal math, and lots of pictures. The general scientific and engineering underpinnings of microelectronics and nanotechnology are described, as well as how this new technological revolution is transforming a broad array of interdisciplinary fields, and civilization as a whole. Special "widget deconstruction" chapters address the inner workings of ubiquitous micro/nano-enabled pieces of technology, such as smartphones, flash drives, and digital cameras.

Completely updated and upgraded to full color, the Second Edition:

  • Includes new material on the design of electronic systems, the future of electronics, and the societal impact of micro/nanotechnology
  • Provides new widget deconstructions of cutting-edge tech gadgets like the GPS-enabled smartwatch
  • Adds end-of-chapter study questions and hundreds of new color photos

Silicon Earth: Introduction to Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, Second Edition is a pick-up-and-read-cover-to-cover book for those curious about the micro/nanoworld, as well as a classroom-tested, student-and-professor-approved text ideal for an undergraduate-level university course. Lecture slides, homework examples, a deconstruction project, and discussion threads are available via an author-maintained website.

Reviews

"Silicon Earth tells one of the most compelling stories of our time; how the sand on the beach, a common plaything for children, is the building block for the advanced technological hardware that enriches our daily lives. Dr. John Cressler chronicles the advancements of the transistor from its humble beginnings to modern day, where it is arguably the single most important device in modern society. This text is filled with exciting and relevant examples of everyday technology and delves into their inner workings. The book is written more as a novel than a textbook and is engaging to the reader to learn not only about where we’ve been technologically, but also about where we might go."

—Joel Andrews, Ph.D., Garmin International

Praise for the Previous Edition

"In this unique book, Cressler, … displaying his immense and diverse knowledge, demystifies the overwhelming concepts of microelectronics. … Summing up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through professionals; general readers."

—M.S. Roden, emeritus, California State University, Los Angeles, USA, from CHOICE, February 2010

"… provides a concise, easy-to-follow, step-by-step discussion of the evolutionary history of silicon-based electronics, microelectromechanical structures (MEMS), and nanotechnology, as well as their impact on our lives. … This book is a comprehensive yet thrilling and invigorating, simple-to-read text that is well on its way to becoming a classic. … The book reduces highly abstract, technical, and mathematical topics foundational to the frontiers of silicon into a thrilling tale of pioneering history with very simple mathematics in an easy-to-understand and readable style. Graphically decorated with pictures and stories from the greatest science fiction movies (e.g., Terminator and Fantastic Voyage), the book helps the reader visualize the fundamental principles of electrical engineering and nanotechnology."

—Mohammad Mojarradi and Benjamin Blalock, from IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine, September 2010

Table of Contents

The Communications Revolution

The Big Picture

The Evolution of Human Communications

Doomsday Scenarios

Global Information Flow

Evolutionary Trends: Moore’s Law

Silicon: The Master Enabler

Micro/Nanoelectronics at the State of the Art: Nanoscale CMOS

A Parting Shot

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References and Notes

A Matter of Scale

The Tyranny of Numbers

"Seeing" versus "Imaging" the Infinitesimal

The Distance Scale of the Universe

The Micro/Nanoelectronics Distance Scale

The Time and Frequency Scales of Micro/Nanoelectronics

The Temperature and Energy Scales of Micro/Nanoelectronics

Seeing Is Believing?

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References and Notes

Innumerable Biographies: A Brief History of the Field

What History Can Teach Us

The Uniqueness of Microelectronics

The Shoulders We Stand On: Some Giants of Electrical Engineering

The Invention/Discovery of the Transistor

Newsflash!

How the West Was Won

The Integrated Circuit

Not Invented Here

The Rest of the Story

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References and Notes

Widget Deconstruction #1: Smartphone

With a Broad Brush

Nuts and Bolts

Where Are the Integrated Circuits and What Do They Do?

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References and Notes

Semiconductors: Lite!

What Are Semiconductors?

What Makes Semiconductors So Special?

Types of Semiconductors

Crystal Structure

Energy Bands

Electrons and Holes in Semiconductors

Doping

Drift and Diffusion Transport

Carrier Drift

Carrier Diffusion

Generation and Recombination

The Semiconductor Equations of State

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References

Widget Deconstruction #2: USB Flash Drive

With a Broad Brush

Nuts and Bolts

Hard Disk Drives

RAM

ROM

Flash Memory

Where Are Integrated Circuits and What Do They Do?

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References and Notes

Bricks and Mortar: Micro/Nanoelectronics Fabrication

The IC Fabrication Facility (aka "the Cleanroom")

Crystal Growth and Epitaxy

Semiconductor Crystals

Epitaxy

Doping: Diffusion, Implantation, and Annealing

Oxidation and Film Deposition

Etching and Polishing

Photolithography

Metalization and Interconnects

Building a Transistor

IC Packaging: Wirebonds, Cans, DIPs, and Flip-Chips

3D ICs, TSVs, and SoPs

Reliability

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References

Transistors: Lite!

The Semiconductor Device Menagerie

Why Are Transistors So Darn Useful?

Loss

Gain

The pn Junction

What Is It?

How Does It Work?

What Does It Do for You?

The BJT

What Is It?

How Does It Work?

What Does It Do for You?

The MOSFET

What Is It?

How Does It Work?

What Does It Do for You?

X-Men Transistors

HBTs

HFETs

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References and Notes

From Transistors to Circuits to Systems

Building Circuits and Systems from Transistors

IC Tape-Out: Machines Designing Machines

Software

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References

Microtools and Toys: MEMS, NEMS, and BioMEMS

Micro-Intuition and the Science of Miniaturization

MEMS Classifications

A Grab Bag of MEMS Toys

Micromachining Silicon

Bulk Micromachining

Surface Micromachining

Cool App #1: MEMS Accelerometers

Cool App #2: MEMS Micromirror Displays

Cool App #3: BioMEMS and Lab-on-a-Chip

So What Comes Next?

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References and Notes

Widget Deconstruction #3: GPS

With a Broad Brush

A Brief History of GPS

Nuts and Bolts

Where Are the Integrated Circuits and What Do They Do?

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References and Notes

Let There Be Light: The Bright World of Photonics

Let There Be Light!

Spectral Windows

Getting Light In and Out of Semiconductors

Optical Absorption

Optical Emission

Direct versus Indirect Bandgap Materials

Photodetectors and Solar Cells

Photodetectors

Solar Cells

CCD Imagers, CMOS Imagers, and the Digital Camera

CCD Imagers

CCD versus CMOS Imagers

LEDs, Laser Diodes, and Fiber Optics

LEDs

Semiconductor Laser Diodes

Optical Gain

Feedback

Laser Perks, Drawbacks, and Future Directions

Fiber Optics

CDs, DVDs, and Blu-Ray

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References and Notes

The Future of Electronics

Darwinian Evolution in Micro/Nanoelectronics, and the End of the Silicon Road

Carbon Engineering: Buckyballs, Nanotubes, and Graphene

Forsaking Group IV: Zinc Oxide and Black Phosphorus

Bend and Flex: The World of Organics

Ferroelectric Memory, Memristors, Phase Change Memory, and Spintronics

Quantum Computing

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References

The Nanoworld: Fact and Fiction

Nanotech

Say What You Mean and Mean What You Say: Nanotech Definitions

Emerging Nanoapps and Humans 2.0

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References and Notes

Societal Impact

The Internet

e-Addictions

Computer Gaming

Genomics

e-Education

Social Media

e-Politics

Environmental Impact

e-Books and Libraries

A Grab Bag of Issues

Time Out: Gut Check on Your Comprehension

References

Appendix A: Properties of Silicon

Appendix B: Some Basic Concepts from Physics and Electrical Engineering

Appendix C: A Grab-Bag Glossary of Useful Techno-Geek Terms and Acronyms

About the Author

John D. Cressler earned his BS from Georgia Tech in 1984 and his PhD from Columbia University in 1990. From 1984 to 1992, he was on the research staff at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, and from 1992 to 2002 he served on the faculty at Auburn University. An IEEE fellow, he joined the faculty at Georgia Tech in 2002, and is currently Schlumberger Chair Professor in Electronics in the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Dr. Cressler has published a number of nonfiction and historical fiction books. Together with his students, he has published more than 700 scientific papers. He has received the 2010 Class of 1940 W. Howard Ector Outstanding Teacher Award (Georgia Tech’s top teaching award), 2011 IEEE Leon Kirchmayer Graduate Teaching Award (the IEEE’s top graduate teaching award), and Class of 1934 Distinguished Professor Award (the highest honor Georgia Tech bestows on its faculty).

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics
TEC007000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electrical
TEC008070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electronics / Microelectronics
TEC027000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Nanotechnology & MEMS