Simulators for Transportation Human Factors: Research and Practice, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Simulators for Transportation Human Factors

Research and Practice, 1st Edition

Edited by Mark S. Young, Michael G. Lenné

CRC Press

350 pages

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Hardback: 9781472411433
pub: 2017-07-11
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315609126
pub: 2017-07-06
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Simulation continues to be a growth area in transportation human factors. From empirical studies in the laboratory to the latest training techniques in the field, simulators offer myriad benefits for the experimenter and the practitioner. This book draws together current trends in research and training simulators for the road, rail, air and sea sectors to inform the reader how to maximize both validity and cost-effectiveness in each case. Simulators for Transportation Human Factors provides a valuable resource for both researchers and practitioners in transportation human factors on the use of simulators, giving readers concrete examples and case studies of how simulators have been developed and used in empirical research as well as training applications. It offers useful and usable information on the functional requirements of simulators without the need for any background knowledge on the technical aspects, focusing on the state of the art of research and applications in transport simulators rather than the state of the art of simulation technology. The book covers simulators in operational terms instead of task simulation/modelling and provides a useful balance between a bottom-up, academic approach and a top-down, practical perspective.

Table of Contents


1 Prologue

Mark S. Young, Michael G. Lenné and Alex W. Stedmon



2 Driving simulators for research

Gary Burnett, Catherine Harvey and Richard Donkor

3 Driver training

Andrew Parkes and Nick Reed

4 Motorcycle simulator solutions for rider research

Alex W. Stedmon, David Crundall, Dave Moore and Mark S. Young



5 Train simulators for research

Arzoo Naghiyev and Sarah Sharples

6 Simulators and train driver training

Anjum Naweed

7 Simulators in rail signaling

Nora Balfe, David Golightly and Rebecca Charles



8 Flight simulator research and technologies

Barbara G. Kanki, Peter M. T. Zaal and Mary K. Kaiser

9 Flight training

John Huddlestone and Don Harris

10 Simulators for aircraft emergency evacuations

Rebecca L. Grant, Dale Richards and Alex W. Stedmon



11 Maritime research

Margareta Lutzhoft, Paul Brown, Richard Dunham and Wessel M. A. van Leeuwen


12 Maritime bridge crew training

Kjell Ivar Øvergård, Linda Johnstone Sorensen, Magnus Hontvedt, Paul Nikolai Smit and Salman Nazir



13 The evolution of simulators in transportation human factors

Michael G. Lenné and Mark S. Young

About the Editors

Dr Mark S. Young is a Visiting Professor in the School of Engineering and Design at Brunel University, UK. He has a B.Sc. in Psychology and a Ph.D. in Cognitive Ergonomics, both from the University of Southampton. His research interests focus on the human factors of transport systems, particularly with advanced vehicle technologies and automation. He spent two years working in industry for the Rail Safety and Standards Board, applying his experience to research and regulations for the UK rail network. Before joining Brunel in October 2004, Mark was a Visiting Fellow in the Department of Aviation, University of New South Wales, Australia, working on a Royal Society fellowship, and he is also currently a Visiting Fellow at Curtin University in Perth, Australia. Mark is a Registered Member of the Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors (IEHF), a Registered Practitioner of the Higher Education Academy, was Chair of the IEHF’s PR & Communications Committee from 2007-2011, and sits on the vehicle design working group for the Parliamentary Advisory Council for Transport Safety (PACTS). He also jointly received the 2006 Hodgson Prize and Bronze Award from the Royal Aeronautical Society for co-authorship of a paper in The Aeronautical Journal, and was awarded the Isambard Kingdom Brunel Award Lecture for the 2010 British Science Festival.

Dr Mike Lenné is an Adjunct Professor (Research) at the Monash University Accident Research Centre (MUARC). He was awarded a PhD in Experimental Psychology from Monash University in 1998 and has spent the last 18 years working in human factors roles in both government and University settings. Until late 2014 Mike was a Professor at MUARC where he led the Human Factors research team for nearly eight years. His research used driving simulators and instrumented vehicles to study the impacts of in-vehicle technologies on driver behaviour and to measure driver responses to distraction, drowsiness and other forms of impairment. He is currently Chief Scientific Officer, Human Factors at Seeing Machines where his research is centred on characterising and validating metrics for driver state assessments in automotive, heavy vehicle and aviation sectors.

About the Series

The Human Factors of Simulation and Assessment Series

Ongoing advances in lower-cost technologies are supporting a substantive growth worldwide in the use of simulation and naturalistic performance assessment methods for research, training and operational purposes in domains such as road, rail, aviation, mining and healthcare. However, this has not been accompanied by a similar growth in the expertise required to develop and use such systems for evaluating human performance. Whether for research or practitioner purposes, many of the challenges in assessing operator performance, both using simulation and in natural environments, are common. What performance measures should be used, what technology can support the collection of these measures across the different designs, how can other methods and performance measures be integrated to complement objective data, how should behaviours be coded and the performance standards measured and defined? How can these approaches be used to support product development and training, and how can performance within these complex systems be validated? This series addresses a shortfall in knowledge and expertise by providing a unique and dedicated forum for researchers and experienced users of simulation and field-based assessment methods to share practical experiences and knowledge in sufficient depth to facilitate delivery of practical guidance.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COMPUTERS / Social Aspects / Human-Computer Interaction
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety