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Sintering of Ceramics




ISBN 9780849372865
Published July 6, 2007 by CRC Press
388 Pages - 311 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Sintering of Ceramics provides the only comprehensive treatment of the theories and principles of sintering and their application to the production of advanced ceramics with the required target microstructure. Stemming from the author’s bestselling text, Ceramic Processing and Sintering, this book includes additional material selected from many sources, providing a single comprehensive volume of all aspects of sintering theory and practice. While the emphasis is on the sintering of ceramics, the book is also useful for the sintering of metals and other materials because of the comprehensive treatment.

Starting with a review of sintering fundamentals such as diffusion and defect chemistry, the book continues with a detailed treatment of solid-state sintering, viscous sintering of amorphous materials, grain growth and microstructural evolution in solid-state materials, and liquid-phase sintering. Special topics include sintering difficulties such as constrained sintering of composites, adherent thin films, and multilayers; solid solution additives and their role in microstructure control, morphological stability of continuous phases and thin films; and sintering with concurrent reaction or crystallization. The treatment concludes with coverage of practical methods for improving sintering techniques, the effects of process variables on sintering behavior, and applications of sintering to the development of advanced ceramics.

Sintering of Ceramics provides an up-to-date text for a senior undergraduate, introductory graduate, or continuing education course in sintering, as well as an ideal reference text for scientists and engineers involved in the research, development, and manufacture of ceramics or powder metallurgy products.

Table of Contents

Sintering of Ceramics: Fundamentals
The Sintering Process
Driving Force for Sintering
Defects in Crystalline Solids
Diffusion in Crystalline Solids
The Chemical Potential
Diffusional Flux Equations
Diffusion in Ionic Crystals: Ambipolar Diffusion
Solid-State and Viscous Sintering
Mechanisms of Sintering
Effects of Grain Boundaries
Theoretical Analysis of Sintering
Herring’s Scaling Law
Analytical Models
Numerical Simulation of Sintering
Phenomenological Sintering Equations
Sintering Diagrams
Sintering with an Externally Applied Pressure
Stress Intensification Factor and Sintering Stress
Alternative Derivation of the Sintering Equations
Grain Growth and Microstructure Control
General Features of Grain Growth
Ostwald Ripening
Topological and Interfacial Tension Requirements
Normal Grain Growth in Dense Solids
Abnormal Grain Growth in Dense Solids
Grain Growth in Thin Films
Mechanisms Controlling the Boundary Mobility
Grain Growth and Pore Evolution in Porous Solids
Simultaneous Densification and Grain Growth
Fabrication Principles for Ceramics with Controlled Microstructure
Liquid-Phase Sintering
Elementary Features of Liquid-Phase Sintering
Stages of Liquid-Phase Sintering
Grain Boundary Films
The Basic Mechanisms of Liquid-Phase Sintering
Numerical Modeling of Liquid-Phase Sintering
Hot Pressing with a Liquid Phase
Use of Phase Diagrams in Liquid-Phase Sintering
Activated Sintering
Vitrification
Special Topics in Sintering
Inhomogeneities and their Effects on Sintering
Constrained Sintering I: Rigid Inclusions
Constrained Sintering II: Adherent Thin Films
Constrained Sintering III: Multilayers
Constitutive Models for Porous Sintering Materials
Morphological Stability of Continuous Phases
Solid Solution Additives and the Sintering of Ceramics
Sintering with Chemical Reaction: Reaction Sintering
Viscous Sintering with Crystallization
Sintering Process Variables and Sintering Practice
Sintering Measurement Techniques
Conventional Sintering
Microwave Sintering
Pressure-Assisted Sintering
Appendix A
Physical Constants
Appendix B
SI Units – Names and Symbols
Appendix C
Conversion of Units
Appendix D
Ionic Crystal Radii (in units of 10–10m)
Appendix E
Density and Melting Point of Some Elements and Ceramics

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Reviews

"This is very well-organized, very well-illustrated and accessible."

– In Book News, December 2007