Slope Safety Preparedness for Impact of Climate Change: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Slope Safety Preparedness for Impact of Climate Change

1st Edition

Edited by Ken Ho, Suzanne Lacasse, Luciano Picarelli

CRC Press

572 pages

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Many countries are increasingly threatened by major landslide disasters and fatalities due to extreme weather events which have major implications for public safety and the sustainability of infrastructure and the built environment. A further increase in such a trend could come from climate change.

This book helps to fill in the gap due to the fact that landslide hazards are commonly not covered under the policy debate on climate change. The book highlights the importance of raising awareness to the challenges of landslide hazards due to climate impact. It provides a holistic frame for understanding the key issues and new tools that could be used to assess and manage the landslide risks.

The book gathers contributions from 21 countries and regions in the form of national reports or summaries with respect to four key aspects: a) the methods used for evaluating changing weather and changing landslide patterns; b) the changing weather patterns; c) the changing landslide patterns and hazard scenarios; d) the applications to risk management and the formulation of adaptation measures.

Recommendations are made for enhanced preparedness and resilience. Improved crisis management and areas for future work are suggested.


"It gives me great pleasure to write this note in support of this excellent volume on the topic of the impact of climate change on landslides. […] I can assure you that this book will be on my shelf as soon as it comes out."

Jean-Louis Briaud, President of FedIGS, Federation of International Geo-engineering Societies, and Distinguished Professor at Texas A&M University

"The editors of this volume compile current views from around the world about the impact of climate change on landslide frequency and strength. Organized into 14 chapters, the work specifically provides 13 reports that represent 17 worldwide regions. These reports identify the impact of climate change on rainfall and related weather patterns, slope instability and landslide risk, and engineered slope design. They examine the variations in landslide risk management and adaptation actions while noting that more research is necessary. Although the actual content in each chapter deviates somewhat from this general framework, each one is fairly thorough in its regional analysis. With an in-depth summary in chapter 1, the editors provide coherence and context to the reports by comparing and contrasting their content. The editors identify key findings and discuss the science of climate modeling and landslide prediction, the projected range of landslide frequency and magnitude, landslide risk management, and the need for more research. A substantial number of quality figures and tables support the text, and each chapter is well referenced. A thorough index is also included.

Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above; faculty and professionals."

J. B. Huffman, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point in: Choice Connect, September 2017 issue

Table of Contents

1 Preparedness for climate change impact on slope safety

K.K.S. Ho, S. Lacasse & L. Picarelli


1.1 JTC1 initiative on climate change impact on slope safety

1.2 Key findings of different countries/regions

1.3 Prediction of changing weather pattern

1.4 Changing landslide pattern under changing climate

1.5 Landslide risk management

1.6 Emerging needs

1.7 Conclusions



Annex A

Country/Region Reports

2 Technical report on landslide related disasters in Brazil

W.A. Lacerda, A.L. Coelho Netto & A.M. Sato

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Rainfall variability over space and time

2.3 Relation between rainfall and landslides

2.4 Landslide disasters study cases


3 Potential impacts of climate change on landslides occurrence in Canada

C. Cloutier, J. Locat, M. Geertsema, M. Jakob & M. Schnorbus

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Climate change projections in the context of slope stability

3.3 Illustration of potential impacts of climate change on slope stability

3.4 Landslide response to warming

3.5 Landslide response to increased precipitation

3.6 Concluding remarks



4 Enhancing slope safety preparedness for extreme rainfall and potential climate change impacts in Hong Kong

K.K.S. Ho, H.W. Sun, A.C.W. Wong, C.F. Yam & S.M. Lee


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Evolvement of slope safety system up to 2008

4.3 The severe rainstorm in June 2008

4.4 Consideration of extreme rainfall events

4.5 Adaptation strategies for managing extreme landslide events

4.6 Further work

4.7 Other initiatives

4.8 Discussion and conclusions



5 Potential climate changes in Italy and consequences for land stability

L. Picarelli, L. Comegna, S.L. Gariano, F. Guzzetti, P. Mercogliano, G. Rianna, M. Santini & P. Tommasi


5.1 Foreword

5.2 Present and future climate trends in Italy

5.3 Influence of weather on landsliding in Italy

5.4 Effects of the expected climate change

5.5 Landslide risk and implications for mitigation and adaptation strategies

5.6 Conclusions


6 Global warming and landslide disaster: evidence from Japan

G. Wang & I. Towhata


6.1 Introduction

6.2 Precipitation over Japan

6.3 Landslides in Japan

6.4 On long-term variation in frequency of flooding

6.5 Conclusions


7 Landslide risk management in Norway

B. Kalsnes, F. Nadim, R.L. Hermanns, H.O. Hygen, G. Petkovic, B.K. Dolva, H. Berg & D.O. Høgvold


7.1 Introduction

7.2 Landslide hazard and risk in Norway

7.3 Climate and demographical changes in the coming years

7.4 Landslide risk assessment and management in a changing climate

7.5 Regulation and policy issues

7.6 Crisis preparedness

7.7 Final remarks


8 Overview of landslides distribution in Russian Federation and variations of their activity due to climate change

O.V. Zerkal & A.L. Strom

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Regional factors influencing landslides distribution within the territory of Russian Federation

8.3 Slowly changing factors and their influence on the rapidly changing factors controlling landslide activity in Russia

8.4 Variation of landslides activity in different regions of Russian Federation due to climate change

8.5 Conclusions


9 Slope safety preparedness in Southeast Asia for effects of climate change

H. Rahardjo, A. Satyanaga, K. Hoon, W.L. Sham, Aaron, C.L. Ong, B.B.K. Huat, M.H. Fasihnikoutalab, A. Asadi, P.P. Rahardjo, A. Jotisankasa, T.M. Thu & T.T. Viet

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Slope safety preparedness for effects of climate change in Singapore

9.3 Slope safety preparedness for effects of climate change in Malaysia

9.4 Slope safety preparedness for effects of climate change in Indonesia

9.5 Slope safety preparedness for Thailand

9.6 Slope safety preparedness in Vietnam for effects of climate change


10 Review of landslide occurrence in Spain and its relation to climate

Jordi Corominas, Rosa María Mateos & Juan Remondo


10.1 Context of landslide occurrence in Spain

10.2 Climatic triggers of landslides in Spain

10.3 Historical extreme landsliding events

10.4 Projected changes in weather pattern upon climate change

10.5 Expected changes in landslide pattern given climate change

10.6 Climate change adaptation strategies for changing landslide pattern

10.7 Final remarks

10.8 Key conclusions/recommendations on the way forward


11 TR3 project: slope safety preparedness for effects of climate change contribution for Switzerland

C. Bonnard, C. Crot, E. Prina Howald & L. Laloui


11.1 Preface

11.2 Geographical framework

11.3 Landslide types in Switzerland

11.4 Climate change trend in Switzerland

11.5 Federal prevention strategy

11.6 The different levels of prevention action

11.7 Protection objectives

11.8 Town and country planning actions

11.9 General adaptation measures to climate change in Switzerland

11.10 Contribution of research to slope safety preparedness

11.11 Specific adaptation measures to climate change in Switzerland with respect to landslides

11.12 Stabilization of La Frasse landslide

11.13 Management of the village of Braunwald located on a slowly moving landslide

11.14 Protection action following a large debris flow affecting the town of Brienz

11.15 Future evolution of risk situation in Switzerland

11.16 Conclusions



12 Review of landslide occurrence and climate change in Taiwan

Meei-Ling Lin, Sheng-Chi Lin & Yu-Ching Lin


12.1 Introduction

12.2 Projection of climate change in Taiwan

12.3 The rainfall factor of climate change on slope stability and landslide risk in Taiwan

12.4 Implications on landslide risk management and adaptation strategies

12.5 Conclusions



13 Landslides and climate change in the United Kingdom

T.A. Dijkstra, G.O. Jenkins, D. Gunn, C. Dashwood, R. Dankers, N. Dixon, D.N. Petley, A. Gibson & M.G. Winter

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Landsliding in the UK

13.3 The climate change context

13.4 Climate change and slope stability

13.5 Landslide hazard and risk management and adaptation strategies

13.6 Concluding remarks



14 Landslide hazards and climate change: A perspective from the United States

Jeffrey A. Coe

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Landslides in the United States

14.3 Observed and predicted environmental changes in the United States

14.4 Landslide research related to environmental changes

14.5 Adaptation strategies in the United States

14.6 Summary








About the Editors

Mr. Ken Ho obtained his BSc in civil engineering and his MSc in soil mechanics and engineering seismology, both from Imperial College London. He is currently the Deputy Head of the Geotechnical Engineering Office of the Hong Kong Government and an Adjunct Professor at the University of Hong Kong. He is also a core member of Joint Technical Committee JTC1 on Landslides under the auspices of the Federation of International Geo-engineering Societies (FedIGS) on Natural Slopes and Landslides, and has previously served as a core member of ISSMGE Technical Committee TC304 on Engineering Practice in Risk Assessment and Management. Ken has published over 100 papers on slope engineering, quantified risk assessment, earthquake, piling and deep excavations. He has presented a number of keynote papers and state-of-the-art papers at various international conferences. He is also the editor of several international conference proceedings and serves on the editorial boards of a number of geotechnical journals.

Dr. Suzanne Lacasse was educated in Civil Engineering at Ecole Polytechnique of Montréal and MIT. She was Managing Director of the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI) from 1991 to 2011, and now acts as Technical Director at NGI. She gave the 37th Terzaghi Lecture on Offshore Geotechnics in 2001 and the 55th Rankine Lecture on Hazard, Risk and Reliability in Geotechnical Practice in 2015. Dr Lacasse received PhD's Honoris Causa from the University of Dundee and from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineers in the USA, Canada, Norway and France. She is Honorary Professor at Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, and Chair of the Slope Safety Technical Review Board in Hong Kong. She has given keynote lectures in over 30 countries, and is the author of over 300 scientific papers.

Professor Luciano Picarelli was educated in Civil Engineering at Università di Napoli and is cururently full professor of Soil Mechanics at the Department of Civil Engineering, Design, Home Building and Environment, Seconda Università di Napoli. He has been Director of the Research Centre for Environment Engineering and Chairman of the Council of Professors in Civil and Environmental Engineering. Luciano is Chair of the Joint Technical Committee Natural Slopes and Landslides of the Federation of International Geo-engineering Societies, Associate Editor of the journal Landslides and member of the Great Risks Committee of the National Department of Civil Protection in Italy. He has been editor of several special issues of international journals and proceedings of conferences, and keynote lecturer at numerous scientific events. He is author of over 200 scientific papers and chapters of books. Luciano Picarelli was awarded the 2008 Croce Lecture, the 2015 Šuklje Lecture, the 2014 Varnes medal and the prize for best paper published in Landslides in 2014.

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